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Cesaer seminar 2009, Aalborg: The modernisation agenda of the universities Mobility Rector Matti Pursula Cesaer seminar 2009, Aalborg: The modernisation agenda of the universities Mobility Rector Matti Pursula Helsinki University of Technology, Finland Date 30. 10. 2009 Page 1

Outline of the presentation §Background §Global facts and trends of mobility §Statistics about Finland Outline of the presentation §Background §Global facts and trends of mobility §Statistics about Finland TKK §How to increase mobility §Conclusions Page 1 Enter your footer here

Background: The Global Challenge § The rise of knowledge and innovation (research) to central Background: The Global Challenge § The rise of knowledge and innovation (research) to central factors of competitiveness - Global companies meet the cutting edge of engineering and business skills every day in the market and can, and have, to buy the best knowledge wherever they find it - The global economy is changing radically structures of industry and services, especially in Europe and USA § The change of education towards a commercial university brand products with international suppliers and ranking lists - International competition of the best graduates and best faculty is real today - International competition about research funding, from companies and EU - Competition of talented students is changing from national to international § The EU response - EHEA, ERA, The Lisbon declaration Enter your footer here

Background: The reform of universities § The EU Lisbon strategy sets the goal - Background: The reform of universities § The EU Lisbon strategy sets the goal - Europe must become the most competitive economy of the world § Universities as places for education and research are important elements in reaching this goal - A university reform is undergoing in Europe and globally - Economic and administrative autonomy and internationalisation are in the core of the reform Enter your footer here

Mobility, a central tool for internationalisation § Internationalisation can be measured by - The Mobility, a central tool for internationalisation § Internationalisation can be measured by - The rate of foreign degree students and faculty - The rate of student and faculty exchange - The participation in international research § From the European point of view - the mobility between EU countries is an important part of common market and cohesion - The mobility between EU and other parts of the world is the real test of our competitiveness in the long run Page 1 Enter your footer here

International mobility statistiscs from Global Education Digest (UN) Page 1 Enter your footer here International mobility statistiscs from Global Education Digest (UN) Page 1 Enter your footer here

Global mobility is growing Page 1 Enter your footer here Global mobility is growing Page 1 Enter your footer here

Outgoing students by region Page 1 Enter your footer here Outgoing students by region Page 1 Enter your footer here

Host countries Page 1 Enter your footer here Host countries Page 1 Enter your footer here

Mobility by origin and destination Page 1 Enter your footer here Mobility by origin and destination Page 1 Enter your footer here

The study orientation of mobile students Page 1 Enter your footer here The study orientation of mobile students Page 1 Enter your footer here

Global interests Page 1 Enter your footer here Global interests Page 1 Enter your footer here

Sources Page 1 Enter your footer here Sources Page 1 Enter your footer here

Conclusions from the global statistics § International mobility is increasing, but still quite low Conclusions from the global statistics § International mobility is increasing, but still quite low - About 2, 8 million mobile students out of 153 million in tertiary education § USA and Western Europe have almost equal shares of mobile students - 75 % of European mobile students study in Europe § Mobile students study at higher level than local students - 91 % of mobile students study at MSc and Ph. D level, which makes them an important source of new talent § Half of the mobile students study business (23 %), science (15 %) and engineering (14 %) e Pag 1 Enter your footer here

Mobility in Finland 2007 and goal for 2015 § Foreign students in Finnish tertiary Mobility in Finland 2007 and goal for 2015 § Foreign students in Finnish tertiary education - 2007: 11 300 (3, 7 % of all students) - 2015: 20 000 (7 % ) § Foreign students in national Ph. D programmes - 2007: 15, 8 % - 2015: 20 % § Finnish student mobility (exchange) - 2007: 5 200 (3, 8 %) - 2015: 8000 (6 %) Page 1 Enter your footer here

The Finnish statistics of exchange students § Almost 9 000 student move in and The Finnish statistics of exchange students § Almost 9 000 student move in and out of the country yearly (universities and polytechnics) - The number of mobile students is about one quarter of new students in universities - 50 % of exchange out and 76 % of exchange in is based on Erasmus agreements - In engineering at university level the number out is 750 and in 1 120 students (TKK out 344, in 374 yearly) § Most Finnish students go to Europe (68 %) - Less than 10 % go to USA § Most incomers are from Europe (84 %) Enter your footer here

Foreign degree students and personnel at TKK § Number of degree students in 2008 Foreign degree students and personnel at TKK § Number of degree students in 2008 - MSc programmes 616 (5, 0 %) - Doctoral students 345 (12, 7 %) - The share of degree students is increasing rapidly because of the increasing number of MSC programmes totally in English - 15 ordinary MSc programmes and 3 Erasmus Mundus programmes in English in 2008 § About 90 nationalities at TKK (exchange and degree students) - Western European students are a clear minority (41 % Asia, 16, 5 % Europe, 3, 2 % North America) § The share of foreign personnel is 10, 5 % (371 persons) - The share of foreign professors is about 8 % Enter your footer here

Measures to increase mobility § Student exchange (in and out) - Provison of housing Measures to increase mobility § Student exchange (in and out) - Provison of housing and other local support - Clear study packages (for example joint programmes) to ensure approval of the studies at home - Additional financing for the exchange period - No way to fight the inertia caused by the social networks at home (girl/boyfriend, local job) § Degree students - Housing and local support (e. g. language classes) Well established English programmes like Erasmus Mundus Possibilities to work as teaching assistants or research assistants Local funding for the Ph. D studies Support on the labor markets after graduation § Tuition fees and grant systems - Many European countries still provide degree education for free - Erasmus Mundus and other governmental grant arrangements - Bilateral agreements between universities Enter your footer here

Mobility of the Faculty § To get international faculty - Post doc programmes - Mobility of the Faculty § To get international faculty - Post doc programmes - International search for faculty to tenure track - Specific support programmes like FIDi. Pro - Finland state financed distinguished professor programme to recruit prominent foreign professors to Finland for a five year period - Good working environment (facilities, students, colleagues) § Immigration legislation and immigration policy have to support internationalisation § The promote faculty exchange - Sabbattical system - Other incentives (cost coverage) for a working period abroad - Bilateral agreements of faculty exchange Page 3 Enter your footer here

Conclusions § Mobility of both students and personnel is an important tool in the Conclusions § Mobility of both students and personnel is an important tool in the development of universities § European universities in general need to increase their activities in the global education market especially to attract non-European students § Several kinds of support from local housing to legislation are needed § Engineering and science are popular subjects - More international MSc and doctoral programmes are needed - There is room for cooperation and joint actions for better organisation and better competitiveness of European engineering universities Page 4 Enter your footer here

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