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Certification of ICAO compliant GBAS Cat-I in Australia Keith Mc. Pherson Manager GNSS Keith. Certification of ICAO compliant GBAS Cat-I in Australia Keith Mc. Pherson Manager GNSS Keith. [email protected] com

ICAO Document “A 32 -19: Charter on the Rights and Obligations of States Relating ICAO Document “A 32 -19: Charter on the Rights and Obligations of States Relating to GNSS Services” ………. 2. Every State and aircraft of all States shall have access, on a nondiscriminatory basis under uniform conditions, to the use of GNSS services, including regional augmentation systems for aeronautical use within the area of coverage of such systems. ………. 4. Every State providing GNSS services, including signals, or under whose jurisdiction such services are provided, shall ensure the continuity, availability, integrity, accuracy and reliability of such services, including effective arrangements to minimize the operational impact of system malfunctions or failure, and to achieve expeditious service recovery.

Technology Overview NPA 400 -600 ft GRAS 250 ft GBAS 200 ft GRAS Transmitters Technology Overview NPA 400 -600 ft GRAS 250 ft GBAS 200 ft GRAS Transmitters Sydney Airport - Increased safety, accuracy & integrity - More efficient approaches - Reduced infrastructure & real estate - Increased Guided missed approaches Regional Airport -Increased Integrity -Supports ADS-B - accurate surveillance -Assists UPR & UPT -Mixed Mode operation with RNP Guided Departures - Situational Awareness - Accurate departure tracks - Environmental saving

GBAS System GBAS is Airport Based GRAS Regional System Ground Based Augmentation System GBAS GBAS System GBAS is Airport Based GRAS Regional System Ground Based Augmentation System GBAS Features • Replaces ILS • Covers all runway ends • Curved approaches • Terrain Issues • Environmental • Reduced real estate • More stability • Less signal Interference • Less maintenance

GBAS Cat-1 Sydney Equipment on the Hook at Sydney Airport GBAS Cat-1 Sydney Equipment on the Hook at Sydney Airport

GPS Reference Receiver Antennas VHF Data Link Antenna GLS Facility Shelter • The “Hook” GPS Reference Receiver Antennas VHF Data Link Antenna GLS Facility Shelter • The “Hook” at Sydney airport extending into Botany Bay

GBAS Cat-1 Equipment GBAS Cat-1 Equipment

GLS – Primary Flight Display SPD GMWH /220 o RW 22 C 4. 4 GLS – Primary Flight Display SPD GMWH /220 o RW 22 C 4. 4 GLS 140 LOC CMD G/S 4000 1200

GLS – Radio Tuning Panel GLS – Radio Tuning Panel

GLS – FMS Selection GLS – FMS Selection

80 Multiple Approach Capability of GBAS 80 Multiple Approach Capability of GBAS

Current Status GBAS Cat-I ICAO GBAS Cat-I SARPs already issued • Approved ICAO compliant Current Status GBAS Cat-I ICAO GBAS Cat-I SARPs already issued • Approved ICAO compliant system in Australia (Part 171 change) in 2008 at Sydney International Airport • Strong support from international airlines Qantas, Lufthansa, Fedex, Continental Air Micronesia • Sydney Beta GBAS Cat-I – installation completed October 2005 • Sydney Beta GBAS Cat-I – first broadcast 29 October 2005 • DFS Germany has a beta GBAS Cat-I (Frankfurt, soon Bremen) • AENA Spain has a beta GBAS Cat-I (Malaga) • Memphis Tennessee has beta GBAS Cat-1 • Global reach of GBAS Cat-I is increasing Goal - gate to gate precision navigational service for aircraft

B-737 NG GLS Certification Status Certification Flight Test – Verification, validation complete – Demonstrated B-737 NG GLS Certification Status Certification Flight Test – Verification, validation complete – Demonstrated at Sea. Tac & Moses Lake using Beta LAAS – Operations (including automatic landings) demonstrated at adjacent airports: Ephrata, Boeing Field & Paine Field – Test airplane flown against FAA prototype ground station at Rio de Janeiro (Galeao) with approaches to adjacent airport (Santos Dumont) QANTAS 9 B-737 NG with GBAS Cat-1 avionics - 24 B-737 s may be retrofitted with GBAS Cat-1 avionics Boeing and Airbus plan to introduce GLS on all forward fit aircraft and retrofit where cost effective

A-380 GLS Certification Status QANTAS will take delivery of 12 x A-380 s with A-380 GLS Certification Status QANTAS will take delivery of 12 x A-380 s with GBAS Cat-I avionics Other Airbus aircraft to be procured will be fitted with GBAS Cat-I avionics Boeing B-737 NG, B-787, B-777 (New), B-747 -8 will all gave GBAS Cat-1 as standard avionics fitment

Australian Augmentation Experience • LAAS SCAT-1 Melbourne Airport (Honeywell SLS-2000) • LAAS SCAT-1 Canberra Australian Augmentation Experience • LAAS SCAT-1 Melbourne Airport (Honeywell SLS-2000) • LAAS SCAT-1 Canberra Airport (Raytheon DIAS-3100) • LAAS SCAT-1 Avalon Airport (Honeywell SLS-2000) • LAAS SCAT-1 Norfolk Island (Honeywell SLS-2000) • GBAS CAT-1 Sydney Airport (Honeywell SLS-3000)

ICAO Compliant GBAS Cat-I in Australia • • Airservices Australia negotiated with Honeywell International ICAO Compliant GBAS Cat-I in Australia • • Airservices Australia negotiated with Honeywell International to bring an ICAO compliant GBAS Cat-I to completion Approximately 22 months to complete RTCA DO-178 B/278 compliant software – commenced 10 April 2006 Approximately 6 months of certification Civil Aviation Safety Authority involved from Day 1 Aim is to have CASA approve Part 171 change to allow operation of completed system by 3 rd quarter 2008 or earlier Germany, Spain and USA offered to assist and those offers were accepted. GNSS Technical Memorandum of Cooperation signed with FAA 9 February 2006

2 nd Last Message • • New aircraft are being fitted with GBAS Cat-I 2 nd Last Message • • New aircraft are being fitted with GBAS Cat-I avionics B-737 s will be retrofitted with GBAS Cat-I avionics Qantas has taken the lead internationally GBAS Cat-I is HERE and it is HERE to STAY 73% of the world’s airports are GBAS Cat-I (IATA study) GBAS Cat-I offers more than ILS Legacy aircraft will be around for a long time and SOME ILS will remain but not as many

Final Message: No single augmentation system provides a global answer – There is a Final Message: No single augmentation system provides a global answer – There is a synergy between, and a need for, all four ICAO augmentation systems

Thank you Thank you