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Cataloging Outsourcing: Berkeley’s East Asian Library’s Experience March 24, 2007 Evelyn Kuo East Asian Library University of California Berkeley
Outlines v v Berkeley’s outsourcing rationale and experience Kinokuniya’s service for Japanese new acquisitions Outsourcing services for a Chinese backlog project Pilot projects for Chinese new acquisitions
Headaches Why Outsourcing ?
Multi-tasking Monographs Continuing resources Rare books Special collections Multi-media and other non-print materials Backlogs Gifts Authority work
Outsourcing Decisions v Is it a temporary or long-term project? v Focus on backlogs or new acquisitions? v What are the costs? v Who will manage the process? v Which vendor to use?
Outsourcing Decisions (2) v Which formats of materials should be outsourced? v Which language of materials to be outsourced? v What are tasks remained for staff including quality control?
Why Kinokuniya? u In 2002 Kinokuniya was marketing a new cataloging service. u Berkeley’s Japanese cataloging position was vacated at the time and it was difficult to recruit a qualified Japanese cataloger. u Kinokuniya has been Berkeley’s major vendor.
Technical Issues u Kinokuniya catalogs on OCLC using Berkeley’s login code and password, thus award Berkeley credit for creating new records. u Automated loading of OCLC records into Berkeley’s local system and use Berkeley’s order number as a matching element to overlay order records. u It’s a shelf-ready service that include assigning of unique call numbers, affixing bar-code and spine labels. u Began as a pilot project pending on periodical review.
Initial Review Process u It took Berkeley a whole year to fine-tune Kinokuniya’s cataloging service. u An experienced library assistant was assigned to review every Kinokuniya record for the first six months. For the second six months only word division and field 440, 490 were reviewed.
Some Notes v The cataloging is done for new monographs only. v A vendor code “K” is added in field 590, subfield $a indicating the record is created by Kinokuniya. Copy Cataloging: For matched titles, a printout is inserted in the book without any further action. Bar-code and spine label can be done for a small fee. The average matching rate is 16%. v Original Cataloging: 60% were from scratch and 40% were enhanced records from Waseda University’s records v
Kinikuniya’s Performance Year Original Hit % of Original Total purchase Percentage out-sourced 2002/03 1, 381 244 1, 625 85% 5, 021 32% 2003/04 1, 180 238 1, 418 83% 3, 259 44% 2004/05 1, 241 315 1, 556 80% 3, 749 42% 2005/06 1, 540 184 1, 724 89% 3, 060 56% 104 85% 2, 050 43% 2006 Jun. Dec. Total 593 5, 935 697 1, 085 7, 020 84% 17, 139 43. 5%
Kinokuniy’s Value and Quality u Berkeley’s annual budget for Kinokuniya service is about $50, 000 which is an equivalent of a low level cataloging librarian’s salary not counting benefits u About 50% of Berkeley’s purchase from Kinokuniya came shelf-ready. u Kinokuniya’s cataloging records are highly
Negative Sides u The drawback has been long turn around time for some months. u The downside of outsourcing is the authority work remained to be performed by library staff.
Kinokuniya’s Future Services u Berkeley considers Kinokuniya cataloging staff are well trained after the initial year and offers an excellent service at a reasonable cost. u Other libraries’ participations will boost the matching record rate. u Kinokuniya expressed interest in performing authority work if training is made available.
CJK Projects u In 2005, Berkeley’s East Asian Library was awarded close to a quarter million dollars for six CJK cataloging projects simultaneously for two years. u One of the projects was CJK backlog project for about 4, 000 titles. Due to limited cataloging staff, outsourcing was the only viable option.
CJK Backlog Project u Berkeley spent four years in retro-conversion project for CJK titles. Most cataloging staff were involved in the recon projects. As the result, some CJK backlogs were built up. u CJKat Company offered to catalog CJK titles within an acceptable time frame.
Backlog Solution u A test run of 100 CJK monographs were sent to CJKat cataloging services. u Berkeley’s EAL staff evaluated CJKat’s returned cataloging records and found the best records were Chinese cataloging. A decision was made to retain CJKat service for Chinese monograph backlog only, but to hire temporary staff to catalog Japanese and Korean backlogs including serials recons.
CJKat’s Quality and Value u CJKat provided a shelf-ready service for close to 2, 000 Chinese backlog titles. u All works were done by experienced catalogers in US. u The cost was very reasonable for a US company.
CJKat’s Value and Quality (2) v CJKat records were randomly reviewed. In general EAL was satisfied with CJKat’s Chinese cataloging. v Books were shipped to CJKat with insurance. At the end of the project, all books were returned safely. v The backlog project was completed within 10 months. CJKat contact Mr. Edwin Yu e-mail: [email protected] com v
Catalog Service for Chinese new Acquisitions u The impetus for Berkley to consider outsourcing cataloging for Chinese new acquisitions was during the void when a Chinese cataloging librarian position was vacated in 2006. It usually takes about a year or even longer to recruit a new staff. u The immediate relief would be to outsource new acquisitions.
Acquisitions and Vendors Berkeley acquires Chinese materials from a dozen vendors in China. Most are concentrated in Beijing and Shanghai in addition to Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. Many vendors offer cataloging and processing services for a fee.
Pilot Project u Funding was made available to implement a pilot project for outsourcing cataloging for Chinese new acquisitions. u The initial plan was to select one vendor in Beijing and one vendor in Shanghai as outsourcing partners for cataloging new orders.
Pilot Project (2) v For business reason, Beijing vendors refused to send Berkeley’s orders to assigned vendor as requested. Shanghai vendors were willing to cooperate in this regard. v An alternative plan was in placed to use two vendors in Beijing and to engage the Shanghai Library to take care of Shanghai orders.
Pilot Vendors v In Beijing 1. China National Publishing Industry Trading Corporation (CNPITC) 中国出版对外贸易总公司 2. China International Book Trading Corporation (CIBTC) 中国国际图书贸易公司 v In Shanghai 3. The Shanghai Library.
CNPITC Cataloging Services u CNPITC was selected because it is the major vendor for Berkeley’s Chinese materials. u LC is using CNPITC’s acquisition services. u CNPITC contact: Ms. Zhang Ying [email protected] com. cn
Quality and Value of CNPITC u Cataloging records were promptly delivered with each new order. Five orders were received so far. u In general, cataloging quality is good except names and subjects are not always thoroughly checked. As the result, vendor was asked to use K for Encoding level that will be changed after a review is done. u The cost is acceptable.
CIBTC Cataloging Services u The reason for selecting CIBTC to do a pilot project is because CIBTC’s records are reviewed by a US cataloging librarian. u CIBTC’s has a dozen catalogers who were trained by the National Library of China and a US librarian. u Original records were created by CIBTC staff in Beijing then reviewed by staff of National Library of China. A US librarian does a final check for call numbers, author and subject
CIBTC’s Value and Quality Cataloging records are very good. Names and subjects are thoroughly checked. Two to three subject headings are provided. u u Duplicated records were created due to multi-step checking and a lack of final dup check. u The cost is higher. Contact Ms. Wong Tong [email protected] cibtc. com. cn u
The Shanghai Library’s Outsourcing Services u Doing cataloging for Singapore National Library from July, 2004. u Doing cataloging for the National Library of Australia from Aug. , 2006. u Doing cataloging for Berkeley summer 2006. via OCLC from
Shanghai’s Project u In addition to catalog vendor’s new books, Shanghai Library also offered to catalog inhouse items. u For a test run, a list of 200 titles with ISBN, order number and Chinese titles was sent to the Shanghai Library via e-mail. 134 original records were created form the list. u A total of 600 titles were cataloged by the Shanghai Library so far including three new
Shanghai Library’s Quality and Value u Cataloging quality is very satisfactory. u The cost is the lowest. u The only drawback is the turn around time is not very consistent. u Willing to catalog other vendors’ books. Shanghai Library’s contact Mr. Luen Ji [email protected] sh. cn u
Future Vendor Records v Has cataloging outsourcing been a viable option for CJK materials? It has been a positive experience for Berkeley. v What are the future prospects for vendor’s records and is it possible to have cataloging records shipped with new books at an affordable cost? The answer is yes but we need LC’s leadership in guiding this national project by providing training for vendors in China. Once quality
LC’s Leadership LC’s support is important in making this happens. Please send your support messages to Beatrice Ohta at [email protected] gov
Under Control with Outsourcing