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Case Study – The UK’s Greenest and Most Space Efficient HE Building? Queen Margaret Case Study – The UK’s Greenest and Most Space Efficient HE Building? Queen Margaret University - RE: LOCATE Steve Scott Queen Margaret University Director of Estates and Facilities

Queen Margaret University • • • Established 1875 4000 Students (FTE) 500 Staff 77% Queen Margaret University • • • Established 1875 4000 Students (FTE) 500 Staff 77% Female 72% Scots/12% Other UK/16% International Four Schools – – Health Sciences Social Sciences Business and Enterprise Drama and Creative Industries • £ 27 m Turnover • 96% graduate employment rate • University title – January 2007

QMU – Previous Estate QMU – Previous Estate

Estates Options Appraisal Which Was : Matching the Estate with the University Strategic Plan Estates Options Appraisal Which Was : Matching the Estate with the University Strategic Plan Which concluded: Estate not fit for purpose – condition/growth/efficiency University not financially viable within current estate. Which recommended: New Estate - Relocate – dispose and build new - smaller by (35%) New Business - Transform – best practice and financially sustainable Which represented Unique opportunity Unique risks 1998

Site Selection Process 5 years In total 2 failed attempts 50 long listed 16 Site Selection Process 5 years In total 2 failed attempts 50 long listed 16 shortlist 4 fully evaluated Choice Craighall - East Lothian 13 Miles ( west to east) Green belt Financial and Non Financial 2002

2003 Outline Design Brief Environmental Distinctive Identity considerations Learning centred Sustainable Interactive & Social 2003 Outline Design Brief Environmental Distinctive Identity considerations Learning centred Sustainable Interactive & Social Learning Welcoming & Inspiring Future Flexibility and Expansion Community Focus Design Brief Open & Accessible Safety & Security Space Efficiency Cost & Lifecycle Integrated

Masterplan Masterplan

Masterplan Masterplan

Design – Academic Building Design – Academic Building

Entrance Level Entrance Level

VISION VISION

Upper Level Upper Level

Social Spaces Social Spaces

Space Planning Significant increase in Space utilisation rates Net Internal area close to SMG Space Planning Significant increase in Space utilisation rates Net Internal area close to SMG model for affordable estate Strict space management essential for success (timetable)

Learning Resource Centre Consolidated base for Student Centred learning No taught classes Central location Learning Resource Centre Consolidated base for Student Centred learning No taught classes Central location “heart” of building Varied environment study spaces (1: 5) Secure and non secure

Office Accommodation Academic and Corporate No subject areas Detailed workspace planning No student access Office Accommodation Academic and Corporate No subject areas Detailed workspace planning No student access

Teaching and Research Modelled future profile Targeted utilisation rates Strict space management Grouped room Teaching and Research Modelled future profile Targeted utilisation rates Strict space management Grouped room types Structural grid

Sustainability The following awards were delivered; CEEQUAL Excellent Rating BREEAM (Academic) - BREEAM (Sports) Sustainability The following awards were delivered; CEEQUAL Excellent Rating BREEAM (Academic) - BREEAM (Sports) BREEAM (Residences) - Excellent (Highest points for UK University) Excellent ENVEST - 17 ecopoints/m 2

Sustainability - Approach • Holistic – – avoid gimmicks where add expense and cost Sustainability - Approach • Holistic – – avoid gimmicks where add expense and cost get basics right balance cost benefits with any additional costs (no additional sustainability budget) design sustainability in • Vision Statement - ” to develop a sustainable community for learning and life “ • Emphasise Sustainability throughout process – – • specialist sub consultant - GAIA consultant selection contractor selection monitoring regime Key target areas – – – low Carbon footprint biodiversity and a quality external environment Indoor air quality and Daylight water management Green travel plan 2004

Low Carbon Footprint – The Building Minimise Consumption • • • utilise natural ventilation, Low Carbon Footprint – The Building Minimise Consumption • • • utilise natural ventilation, coupled with thermal mass, where possible set a 25% improvement on the Building Regulation standards for building air tightness apply an IT Solution that minimises both power and unwanted heat gain. In this instance it is ‘thin client’ technology set a 5% improvement on the Building Regulation standards of thermal insulation deliver good natural daylight to the interiors and couple this to intelligent lighting controls 2004

Low Carbon - Simple Design Low Carbon - Simple Design

The Low Carbon Strategy - Bio-Mass • technical and financial review of renewable energy The Low Carbon Strategy - Bio-Mass • technical and financial review of renewable energy technologies identified Bio -mass as the preferred low carbon technology for the Campus • The intention was to burn local forestry products in a QMU owned Energy Centre to provide heat for the Academic and Residential Blocks. • no precedent (at time) in UK for this scale of plant (4. 5 MW heat) • Bio-mass is deemed to be carbon neutral • full gas boiler back-up

2 No Gas Fired Boilers (4. 5 MW) for full back-up Wood Store Bio-mass 2 No Gas Fired Boilers (4. 5 MW) for full back-up Wood Store Bio-mass Boiler 1. 5 MW Water Storage Cylinders

Bio-mass Financial Appraisal • £ 1. 5 m to install Bio-mass Energy Centre • Bio-mass Financial Appraisal • £ 1. 5 m to install Bio-mass Energy Centre • £ 0. 4 m Capital Grant from Carbon Trust • Heat delivered to Campus at a rate of 1. 78 p/Kwh • Payback period estimated at between 5 -7 years. 2004

Residences Carbon from Biomass Deliveriesk 10 QMU Fossil Fuel 20 Kg CO 2 / Residences Carbon from Biomass Deliveriesk 10 QMU Fossil Fuel 20 Kg CO 2 / m² 30 HEEPI Good Practise Benchamrk Carbon from Biomass Deliveries QMU Fossil Fuel HEEPI Good Practise Benchamrk Kg CO 2 / m² Carbon Appraisal – 4 Months Heat Data 30 20 10 Academic Buildings

Biodiversity and external environment • • Woodland shelterbelts surround the campus, providing a large Biodiversity and external environment • • Woodland shelterbelts surround the campus, providing a large increase in the length of valuable edge habitat which attracts bird and invertebrate diversity Mixed native hedges extend the edge habitat, providing corridors of cover Meadow grassland wetland margins will provide tall grass habitat typical of field margins Wetlands in rural areas have declined in recent years due to agricultural improvements, and therefore new wetlands are very valuable.

Minimising Pollution / Water Management Water both into and out of site managed to Minimising Pollution / Water Management Water both into and out of site managed to minimise energy use: Water Out - SUDS pond Water In Low use fittings w. c. ’s waterless urinals taps Leak detection on water main Rainwater harvesting discounted (payback period too long)

Healthy Materials Internal Materials 80% of floor finishes A rated as determined by the Healthy Materials Internal Materials 80% of floor finishes A rated as determined by the Green Guide to Specification 80% of internal walls A rated as determined by the Green Guide to Specification Recyclable Balance between carpet and lino – acoustics v life cycle

Green Travel Planning Green Travel Planning

BREEAM - SCORE – – excellent rating -77% Highest scoring HE in UK Highest BREEAM - SCORE – – excellent rating -77% Highest scoring HE in UK Highest ‘bespoke’ excellent rating in Scotland (4 th highest in UK) Land use and Ecology high scoring – unusual for Greenfield site

ICT Strategy 2004 Followed extensive research Holistic approach support core brief design in Business ICT Strategy 2004 Followed extensive research Holistic approach support core brief design in Business case Consultant and Sub Consultants involved Thin Client Infrastructure - Fundamental to Delivering Sustainability Strategy

what is thin-client? A thin-client is a client computer in a client-server architecture network what is thin-client? A thin-client is a client computer in a client-server architecture network which depends primarily on the central server for processing activities, and mainly focuses on conveying input and output between the user and the remote server. In contrast, a thick or fat client does as much processing as possible and passes only data for communications and storage to the server. Definition courtesy of Wikipedia

perception v’s reality thick-client heavy footprint thin-client broad reach time consuming to deploy network perception v’s reality thick-client heavy footprint thin-client broad reach time consuming to deploy network dependency responsive poor user experience highly productive complex and not well understood rich user experience easy to deploy well understood easy management

benefits benefits

remote working remote working

energy saving energy saving

extended equipment lifespan thin-client: 5 -6 years extended equipment lifespan thin-client: 5 -6 years

Some specifics blade servers • 40% less energy than conventional servers • HP Blade Some specifics blade servers • 40% less energy than conventional servers • HP Blade System 27% less energy than competitors thin-clients • 17 W per client max • 90% reduction on our old PCs • CRT to LCD migration conscious procurement decision end-2004

disadvantages and our solutions disadvantages and our solutions

all eggs in one basket we had better make it a super-strength basket all eggs in one basket we had better make it a super-strength basket

non-compliant software • computer aided design • video and audio editing • hardware dependent non-compliant software • computer aided design • video and audio editing • hardware dependent

loss of local control • tackled early as a separate project • although staff loss of local control • tackled early as a separate project • although staff were unable to install or change anything locally, support was improved and it was soon accepted (by most)

the change process • change management • changing user perceptions of technology • re-skilling the change process • change management • changing user perceptions of technology • re-skilling of IT staff from PC to TC

outcomes All existing individual and IT lab computers are to be migrated and replaced outcomes All existing individual and IT lab computers are to be migrated and replaced with thin-client devices unless the work of the institution cannot be achieved by the use of this technology or by providing an alternative within a shared space. No individual will have a personal computer on their desk. This is an institutional imperative in line with project Re: Locate.

implementation schedule project initiation November 2004 proof of concept June 2005 supplier award January implementation schedule project initiation November 2004 proof of concept June 2005 supplier award January 2006 student lab migration September 2006 old campus complete may 2007 campus relocation summer 2007

support support

learn from our pain • choose your targets • get institutional buy-in at all learn from our pain • choose your targets • get institutional buy-in at all costs • choose some academic and support staff to champion the technology • accentuate the benefits • accept that it will not meet everyone’s needs so have a contingency • experience depends on the client hardware

“big picture” smartcards wireless & TC laptops print, copy and scan Vo. IP “big picture” smartcards wireless & TC laptops print, copy and scan Vo. IP

QMU Re: Locate - Summary – Re: Locate – unique challenge/opportunity – Business re-engineering QMU Re: Locate - Summary – Re: Locate – unique challenge/opportunity – Business re-engineering – Space Planning & Sustainability – core – ICT (thin client) strategy – Key to both – Successful? • Delivered on cost and programme • Operating within space plan objectives – case study • Met sustainability (design ) targets – POE underway

Questions Questions