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Capacity Development for Cooperation Effectiveness in Latin America and the Caribbean OAS Subregional Workshop for Cooperation Effectiveness: Caribbean Chapter Barbados, 21 September 2010 United Nations Development Programme
The cooperation effectiveness momentum Why use graphics from Power. Pointing. com? Millennium Development Goals Monterrey Consensus World Summit 2002 Rome Forum (Harmonization) 2003 Doha Declaration Development on Financing for Cooperation Development Forum 2005 Paris Declaration 2008 Accra Agenda for Action 2010 Bogota Statement on SSC 2011 HLF 4 in Busan
The changing cooperation environment • ODA (at constant prices) from major donors should increase by more than 60 per cent over six years from 2004 to a total of USD 130 billion by 2010. So far, it has only risen by 15%. • Non-DAC actors increasingly active, South-South and triangular co-operation are determine regional cooperation. • Expansion of NGO/foundations and private sector actors • Thematic funds, e. g. GFATM • Expansion of funding instruments • Expansion also at recipient country level, e. g. NGOs Business as usual.
The average number of donors per country is growing and aid delivery modalities are changing. 1960 s 2010
Since 2000 ….
Experiences regarding the five Paris Principles Ownership (national development strategies): different definitions, conceptual inconsistencies, and understanding; tension between interpretations of government ownership and country ownership Alignment (quality of country systems, aid is on budget): with the government or alignment with the partner country; with policy/strategy or systems? Harmonisation (coordinated support for CD; parallel PIUs; untying aid; programme based approach; joined missions and analytic work): visibility vs. harmonised approach; ganging up? Management for Development Results (results-oriented frameworks): clarity on understanding; incentives and staff capacities; quick wins or CD Mutual Accountability (reviews of mutual performance,
Emerging development effectiveness issues Context is vital (influence of political factors beyond technical) Commitment is uneven (Important effects of different levels of knowledge, engagement and commitment (HQ, field, politicians, lack of civil society engagement) Capacities are strained (Modest benefits of change are emerging, but the transaction costs and transition pains are greater) Incentives need to be reevaluated (political commitment needs reinforcement and sustainability; staff incentives) Partner countries need to be in charge of coordination (relationship between division of labour and ownership, use of country systems, predictability, conditionalities) South-South, triangular and decentralised cooperation are
The 2011 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey will assess whether 2010 targets were met. 68 countries have confirmed their participation. UNDP and OECD/DAC, in cooperation with regional and other partners, are organising 5 regional workshops to support effective partner country leadership and participation in the 2011 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration and initial preparations for the Forth High Level Forum in Korea, 2011.
The International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) • Launched at the Accra HLF in 2008, IATI is a temporary coalition of donor governments, governments of developing countries and NGOs who agree with the “IATI Accra Statement” and are working together to implement the Accra Agenda for Action commitments on transparency. Bring together donors, partner countries, CSOs and aid information experts to agree ways of sharing more and better information about aid Make standards useful to all stakeholders Commit donors to sharing more detailed, timely, and up-to-date information about aid Build on the standards and definitions that are already being used Agree standards that will make information easier to understand, compare and use Meet transparency commitments in the Accra Agenda for Action
UNDP support to South-South cooperation • • • Support international cooperation agencies improve their results for South-South Cooperation (SSC). Facilitate and support SSC exchanges. Develop and pilot tools which can help improve results through SSC. Mapping of SSC demand supply. Support to knowledge fairs and events on SSC in the region. Create and strengthen partnerships on SSC. Value added: • Corporate capacity development methodology for SSC. • Access to an extensive global network. • Regional Community of Practice on SSC for knowledge exchange