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English or French?
Quick Trivia TIRE? TYRE?
Overview 85% of Canadians have working knowledge of English, 21. 3% - French contractions are Can. E, CE, en-CA influenced by both American and British English canadianisms General American
North American English
Phonetics Standard Canadian Inland Canadian Atlantic Canadian
Phonetics The letter Z is pronounced as /zɛd/ rather than /ziː/ Shone /ʃɒn/, lever /ˈliːvər/, been /biːn/ rather than /bɪn/ (Br. E influence) Schedule /ˈʃɛdʒuːl/; process, progress, and project /ˈproʊsɛs/, /ˈproʊɡrɛs/, and /ˈproʊdʒɛkt/; leisure /ˈlɛʒər/, harassment /ˈhærəsmənt/. Again is often pronounced /əˈɡeɪn/ rather than /əˈɡɛn/. The stressed vowel of words such as borrow, sorry or tomorrow is /ɔːr/ rather than /ɑːr/. Words of French origin, such as clique and niche are pronounced more like they would be in French, so /kliːk/ rather than /klɪk/, /niːʃ/ rather than /nɪtʃ/. The word syrup is commonly pronounced /ˈsɪrəp/ or /ˈsɜːrəp/.
Phonemic mergers Along with Am. E, Can. E applies these mergers: § mary-merry-marry § father-bother § horse-hoarse § wine-whine However, one more merger was taken by Can. E: § cot-caught (also exists in Pittsburgh, New England some of the Western states)
Canadian raising Gliding vowels are more “raised” by the tongue. couch ≈ coach about ≈ a boat (NOT “A BOOT”!!!)
Grammar As well structure can be used in the beginning of a sentence: The Canucks had good forwards that day. As well, their blue liners were better than last time. Intransitiveness > transitiveness finished (with) something done (with) something graduated (from) university
Trivia: correct answer
Vocabulary holiday and vacation (a trip and a time off work) Education: § college vs. university § marks vs. grades § assistant principal vs. vice-principal Politics: § prime minister vs. premier § to table a document = to present it (not to withdraw it as in Am. E) § senators and MP Law: § lawyers are called barristers and solicitors § Judges of Canada’s superior courts are addressed as “My Lord” or “My Lady”
chocolate bar All candy bars are called chocolate bars. Well done, Canada.
brown bread Why call it ‘wheat’? Be less specific.
runners Sneakers/trainers/running shoes? Just name their function in one word.
Robertson screwdriver Because surnames are important. Original name is square head.
housecoat Because word building.
pablum Yes, it is baby food. Yes, surnames are important, take two.
stagette aka bachelorette, aka hen party. aka “I swear, nothing happened!”
serviette Because French.
parkade A clever pun.
pencil crayon Because French (2).
bachelor apartment Forever alone. Nope, it is living room + kitchen + bedroom.
double coffee with two sugars and two creams
Timmies Tim Horton’s coffee shop
give’r to put great effort to
toque not just ‘a hat’
poutine famous Canadian dish
The ‘eh’ dilemma Eh? : EH? : Ehhhh!!: EH!? : Eh? ? : EH!!: Eh!: ‘What did you say? ’ or ‘What do you think? ’ A standard way to end any question. Wow! ‘What do you mean? ” ‘You’re joking!!!? ? ’ Saying hello to someone at a distance. ‘Sure thing!’
The ‘eh’ dilemma TYPE OF EH SAMPLE SENTENCE 1. Statement of opinion Nice day, eh? 2. Statements of fact It goes over here, eh? 3. Commands 4. Exclamations Open the window, eh? Think about it, eh? What a game, eh? 5. Questions What are they trying to do, eh? 6. To mean ‘pardon’ Eh? What did you say? 7. In fixed expressions 8. Insults Thanks, eh? I know, eh? You’re a real snob, eh? 9. Accusations You took the last piece, eh? 10. Telling a story [the narrative eh] This guy is up on the 27 th floor, eh? Then he gets out on the ledge, eh. . .
Trivia Finale English (UK)
Trivia Finale Canadian English
Thanks for your attention!