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CANADA-US TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP DECEMBER 5 TH , 2002 VANCOUVER, B. C. Intelligence CANADA-US TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP DECEMBER 5 TH , 2002 VANCOUVER, B. C. Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Overview of Presentation u u u Transportation Security The three “I”s of Border Security Overview of Presentation u u u Transportation Security The three “I”s of Border Security Challenges to the Smart Border Action Plan Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Transportation Target of Choice 1990 -1999 20% 02/12/05 Transportation Target of Choice 1990 -1999 20% 02/12/05

Increase of 25% in Violent Acts Against Transportation Every Year 1993 -1998 02/12/05 Increase of 25% in Violent Acts Against Transportation Every Year 1993 -1998 02/12/05

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Latest Trends International terrorist incidents 7, 000 6, 000 5, 000 4, 000 3, Latest Trends International terrorist incidents 7, 000 6, 000 5, 000 4, 000 3, 000 2, 000 1, 000 0 Casualties (dead & wounded) Incidents 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 199902/12/052001 2000

Identity Integrity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Identity Integrity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Identity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Identity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Transport Canada Automated Fingerprint Identification System TCAFIS The Future Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Transport Canada Automated Fingerprint Identification System TCAFIS The Future Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

TCAFIS OBJECTIVE u u u To electronically collect fingerprints, descriptor data, facial images and TCAFIS OBJECTIVE u u u To electronically collect fingerprints, descriptor data, facial images and applicant documents To electronically submit fingerprints and applicant descriptor data to the RCMP To electronically receive criminal records Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

TCAFIS Basic Search Workflow 1) Livescan Entry 2) HQ Intelligence Branch 3) National Police TCAFIS Basic Search Workflow 1) Livescan Entry 2) HQ Intelligence Branch 3) National Police Services Database 1) Tenprint Card Entry 4) TC/SRCCS 5) *Security Reliability Clearance Control System (SRCCS) Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

TCAFIS INTEROPERABILITY For Transport Canada: F Civil applications For police agencies F Criminal transactions TCAFIS INTEROPERABILITY For Transport Canada: F Civil applications For police agencies F Criminal transactions & criminal record inquiries F Civil applications For CIC: • Refugee, criminal transactions & criminal record inquiries • Civil applications Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Biometrics Capillary Patterns Fingerprints Voice Recognition Facial Recognition Iris Scan Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Biometrics Capillary Patterns Fingerprints Voice Recognition Facial Recognition Iris Scan Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Integrity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Integrity Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Authentication Validation Repudiation Intelligence Branch – Right card, right holder – Valid card – Authentication Validation Repudiation Intelligence Branch – Right card, right holder – Valid card – Bad card, bad holder 02/12/05

Container Integrity u u u Verifications away from border – all modes X-ray gamma Container Integrity u u u Verifications away from border – all modes X-ray gamma machines at ports, near major border crossings Integrity = In transit security Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

INDUSTRY PCO CSIS CSE TC Intelligence Sol. Gen DFAIT RCMP Immigration US Intel Customs INDUSTRY PCO CSIS CSE TC Intelligence Sol. Gen DFAIT RCMP Immigration US Intel Customs DND Local PDs 02/12/05

Intelligence u u u API/PNR Domain Awareness Information Sharing Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 Intelligence u u u API/PNR Domain Awareness Information Sharing Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

CHALLENGES Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 CHALLENGES Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Smart-Border Action Plan u u TC responsible for 3 initial items – Infrastructure improvement Smart-Border Action Plan u u TC responsible for 3 initial items – Infrastructure improvement – Domain Awareness – Aviation Security Interest in other items – US Customs preclearance – Advanced Passenger Information – Critical infrastructure protection – Container Targeting at Seaports and Ferry Terminals – Harmonized commercial processing – Clearance away from the border Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Container Security u u CCRA favours risk assessment model at hubs using a variety Container Security u u CCRA favours risk assessment model at hubs using a variety of inspection tolls based on experience at seaports USCS favours 100% screening using gamma ray at busiest border crossings HOWEVER u USCS screens less than 10% internal traffic Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Marine Security u u High Interest Vessels (HIV) US Port Security Bill authorizes anti-terrorism Marine Security u u High Interest Vessels (HIV) US Port Security Bill authorizes anti-terrorism response teams and sea marshals Canadian law requires justification Discussions on joint-boarding protocols Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Port of Vancouver u u Vancouver Port spans 9 different municipalities Policing the port Port of Vancouver u u Vancouver Port spans 9 different municipalities Policing the port is not easy as 3 lower mainland Port Authorities are policed by 13 separate jurisdictions Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

US Entry-Exit Controls u u u TSA No Fly List not defined + response US Entry-Exit Controls u u u TSA No Fly List not defined + response protocols unclear False assumption that Canada is a softer country BUT 9/11 operatives entered US legally Need enforcement to track illegal aliens Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Clearance Equivalency 02/12/05 Clearance Equivalency 02/12/05

Equivalency Cdn Transportation Security Clearance = US Background Checks u u u Intelligence Branch Equivalency Cdn Transportation Security Clearance = US Background Checks u u u Intelligence Branch US Patriot Act US Aviation Security Act US Marine Anti-Terrorism Act 02/12/05

CANADA • • Security Clearance Program When instituted Check for criminal records Check for CANADA • • Security Clearance Program When instituted Check for criminal records Check for credit bureau Check for National Security Decision making Period of validity Intelligence Branch US yes 1985 yes yes TC 5 years yes 2001 yes no FBI Watch List Private Industry n/a 02/12/05

PRESSURE POINTS SHORT TERM u Aviation Program u 29 to 89 Airports Intelligence Branch PRESSURE POINTS SHORT TERM u Aviation Program u 29 to 89 Airports Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

PRESSURE POINTS MEDIUM TERM u u Bill C 17 - Pilots - Flight Schools PRESSURE POINTS MEDIUM TERM u u Bill C 17 - Pilots - Flight Schools - Aviation Medicine - Explosives Handlers (NRCAN) Marine Transportation Security Act Railway Safety Act Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

BIG CHALLENGE ** Privacy Issues ** Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 BIG CHALLENGE ** Privacy Issues ** Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

BIOMETRICS Where are we today? “Our expectation is that because of the Homeland Security BIOMETRICS Where are we today? “Our expectation is that because of the Homeland Security Initiative and the fact that the department is really just rolling out new initiatives… the Canadian Government may be a little ahead of the US right now. ” (http: //www. findbiometrics. com/Pages/feature_co_Motorola. html) Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

CANADA’S RESPONSE ON 9/11 Intelligence Branch 02/12/05 CANADA’S RESPONSE ON 9/11 Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

Persons Queries DIVERTED PLANES: u TRAINS: u FERRIES: u BUSES: u PILOT SCHOOLS & Persons Queries DIVERTED PLANES: u TRAINS: u FERRIES: u BUSES: u PILOT SCHOOLS & PERMITS: TOTAL u 52, 033 675 1, 211 330 5, 988 = 60, 237 02/12/05

u “We do work with the US. There is a history of great cooperation u “We do work with the US. There is a history of great cooperation on the aviation front between Transport Canada and the US DOT and the FAA. That is why I think that of all the departments, right from the moment when the FAA informed us that they were closing the skies, we were able to respond in a seamless fashion because the systems, the procedures and the trust were there, going back 50 - 60 years. ” (Senate Hearing Ottawa, December 2, 2002) Intelligence Branch 02/12/05

1 -866 -TC-SECUR (827 -3287) E-mail: TC-Intelligence@tc. gc. ca 02/12/05 1 -866 -TC-SECUR (827 -3287) E-mail: [email protected] gc. ca 02/12/05