- Количество слайдов: 49
CAMBRIDGE ESOL EXAMINATIONS: WHERE, WHAT, HOW, WHY?
n WHY? n WHAT? n HOW? n WHERE?
Why English language exams? n n English spoken internationally by 1. 5 billion people certified proof of ability in English gives individuals: q q q confidence to live and travel in other countries ability to follow a course of study in English at tertiary level a competitive advantage and workplace opportunities for appointment and promotion
Why Cambridge ESOL exams? Cambridge exams are recognised worldwide n in education n in business n by ministries and government bodies
МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ І НАУКИ УКРАЇНИ Від 20. 01. 2011 р. № 1/9 - 33 … Про особливості державної підсумкової атестації з іноземних мов у загальноосвітніх навчальних закладах в 2010/2011 навчальному році ………… Випускникам загальноосвітніх навчальних закладів, які мають міжнародний сертифікат (диплом) мовного іспиту … IELTS, … Cambridge ESOL, … рівня (B-1, B-2), зазначені вище іспити зараховуються як державна підсумкова атестація. У додаток до атестата про повну загальну середню освіту виставляються річна та атестаційна оцінки з цих предметів 12 балів. Перший заступник Міністра, Б. М. Жебровський Голова комісії з реорганізації
Cambridge ESOL mission To provide language learners and teachers in a wide variety of situations with access to a range of high quality international exams, tests and teachers' awards, which will help them to achieve their life goals and have a positive impact on their learning and professional development experience.
Experts in language assessment n n department of Cambridge University part of the Cambridge Assessment Group - 150 years' experience 300+ specialist staff more than 30 dedicated researchers
The Common European Framework § provides a basis for language syllabi § describes language and skills for communication in a range of contexts § defines levels of proficiency
Cambridge ESOL Levels Council of Europe Levels Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE) Mastery C 2 Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) Effective Proficiency C 1 Cambridge English: First (FCE) Vantage B 2 Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET) Threshold B 1 Cambridge English: Key (KET) Waystage A 2 Breakthrough A 1
World's leading range of language exams n n n over 2. 5 million candidates a year in 130 countries exams at all levels from C 1 -C 2 tests of Business English, Legal and Financial English, English for Young Learners, English for Academic Purposes IELTS Teaching awards
Testing the right things n a syllabus based on current language use n the 4 skills: speaking, listening, reading, writing n the strategies and skills needed to cope with a foreign language in everyday real-life communication
What makes a good language test? § § § § tests all four skills has positive washback effect easy to integrate into curriculum widely recognised motivating relates to real life FAIR and USEFUL
Qualities of fairness and usefulness Validity § Language Reliability § test production § assessment § Difficulty § Measurement § Impact § Classroom § Practicality § Availability § §
Stages in assessing performance 1. What – focus of assessment 2. How – methods, task design
Question paper production process Commissioning of material for question papers Vetting and editing of material Pretest construction Revision Rejection Materials Bank Question paper construction Pretesting Item analysis
Ensuring reliability item writer training task specifications pre-testing and trialling
Marking Speaking/Writing Cambridge ESOL PSL (Speaking)/Principal Examiners (Writing) TEAM LEADERS EXAMINERS
Format: an overview Paper FCE CAE BEC Vantage 1 Reading 1 hour 15 min 1 hour 2 Writing 1 hour 20 min 1 hour 30 min 45 min 3 Use of English 45 min 1 hour - 4 Listening 40 min 5 Speaking 14 min 15 min 14 min
PET Reading tasks – key Task type Text type Task focus Matching b. Five descriptions of people, eight short adapted, authentic texts 3. Reading for specific information and detailed comprehension True/False c. One adapted, authentic long factual text 2. Scanning for specific information 4 -option multiple choice a. One adapted, authentic long text 1. Reading for gist, detail, inference and global meaning. Understanding attitude, opinion and purpose
Overview of PET Speaking tasks • Two examiners and two candidates • Part 1 (2– 3 mins): candidates answer questions from the interlocutor on personal information • Part 2 (2– 3 mins): candidates discuss a simulated situation together to discuss alternatives and negotiate agreement • Part 3 (3 mins): each candidate has an extended turn (about a minute) to describe a photograph • Part 4 (3 mins): candidates have a general conversation together discussing opinions, likes and dislikes, etc. on the topic of Part 3
Familiarity with test: basic n n n Format Timings Task Types Typical Content [text type / length] Length and Format of answers
Familiarity with test: deeper n n n Completing mark sheets Using/allocating time Assessment and weighting Awareness of question shape Awareness of question focus Effective test strategies for question
Lack of test awareness may lead to … n n n spending too long on one part of a paper or not making effective use of time overlooking required and/or possible feature of an answer using an ineffective or less effective strategy wandering off-task
PB KET Reading
CB KET Reading Instructions Navigate between questions and parts. Answered questions are highlighted. Timer Scores and answers are not given in the live test!
CB KET Writing Word counter
Do I need to prepare my students differently? No
Centre Managers’ testimonials I have seen it, how much the students enjoy it when they are on the computer. They feel that they are working with and using something which they use every day. They love it. I love the CB tests. The first time we did them the students really liked them. I think it is modern and what we should all be doing. All candidates found the format very practical, liked the colours and the userfriendly interface which made them feel very comfortable using a computer.
Examples of Layout
Example seating arrangements Distance requirements
Benefits of CB Exams n Flexibility n Enhanced security n Same standards n Fairness
Exams Available in CB Format n KET/KET for Schools n PET/PET for Schools n FCE/FCE for Schools n CAE n BEC (Preliminary, Vantage, Higher) n TKT
Exam preparation from the experts
Exam preparation from the experts n Cambridge ESOL website www. Cambridge. ESOL. org n Candidate Support website www. candidates. Cambridge. ESOL. org/cs
British Council Online Resources
Second Life: virtual 3 D world
Practicing for CB tests n Online pactice test n Practice tests www. cambridgeesol. org/exams/exam s-info/computer-based-practice. html n Top Tips booklets
Online resources n Cambridge ESOL website www. Cambridge. ESOL. org n Teaching Resources website www. teachers. cambridgeesol. org n Exam reports www. Cambridge. ESOL. org/support n Teacher Portfolio www. teacherportfolio. Cambridge. ESOL. org n Candidate Support website www. candidates. Cambridge. ESOL. org/cs n Financial English www. financialenglish. org
British Council exams services offer Information support Preparation materials Seminars on request Exams in many cities of Ukraine Add. Vantage programme for preparation centres
Contact Us British Council Ukraine Examinations Services 4/12 Hryhoriya Skovorody Street, Kyiv, 04070 Tel: (+38) 044 490 5600 Fax: (+38) 044 490 5605 Email: [email protected] org. ua Keep up to date with what’s new via British Council website: www. britishcouncil. org/ukraine