Скачать презентацию Bush Jr Doctrine In Theory and Policy Скачать презентацию Bush Jr Doctrine In Theory and Policy

7b56e8d5af48219615be0ddc0ec7058d.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 13

Bush Jr. Doctrine In Theory and Policy Bush Jr. Doctrine In Theory and Policy

Theory/Policy: National Security Strategy Introductory Bush Statement: defense of “freedom, democracy and free enterprise” Theory/Policy: National Security Strategy Introductory Bush Statement: defense of “freedom, democracy and free enterprise” “economic freedom, ” “economic openness”, “free markets, ” “free trade, ” Not unilateral, but balance of power[sic!] War against Terrorism: global, uncertain duration Act against threats “before they are fully formed”, I. e. , preemptive strikes “Coalitions of the willing” Committed to UN, WTO, OAS, NATO etc

NSS I: Overview “Distinctly American internationalism Champion human dignity Strengthen alliances Defuse regional conflicts NSS I: Overview “Distinctly American internationalism Champion human dignity Strengthen alliances Defuse regional conflicts Prevent threats of WMD New era of “free markets & free trade” Cooperative action Transform national security institutions

NSS II: Champion Dignity “rule of law; limits on state; free speech; freedom of NSS II: Champion Dignity “rule of law; limits on state; free speech; freedom of worship; equal justice; respect for women; religious & ethnic tolerance; respect for private property. ” Speak honestly of violations of human dignity Use foreign aid to promote freedom Push democracy & oppose HR violations Promote freedom of religion & conscience

NNS III: Alliances vs Terrorism Def: terrorism = “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against NNS III: Alliances vs Terrorism Def: terrorism = “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against innocents” Terrorists = those who harbor them War of indefinite duration Disrupt and destroy terrorist organizations “we will not hesitate to act alone” Homeland security Rebuild Afghanistan

NNS IV: Regional Conflicts Two strategic principles: Israel – Palestine Conflict Independent & Democratic NNS IV: Regional Conflicts Two strategic principles: Israel – Palestine Conflict Independent & Democratic Palestine Israel forces fully withdraw, stop settlements Colombia: terrorists & drug tafficking Build int’l relationships to manage crises Help those who help themselves Defeat armed groups of left & right Africa: coalitions of willing, big states to be anchors for US involvement; work w/Europe; strengthen governments, economic freedom

NNS V: Prevent Enemy WMD Rogue states: brutalize their own people, no regard for NNS V: Prevent Enemy WMD Rogue states: brutalize their own people, no regard for international law, want WMD for threats, sponsor terrorism, reject human values, hate the United States Proactive counterproliferation Prepare to prevail in WMD warfare Diplomacy, arms control, export controls, interdiction of of technologies & materials Deterrence won’t work, “US will, if necessary, act preemptively” Eliminate specific threat, reasons will be clear, force measured and the cause just

NSS VI: Free Markets - 1 Global free markets & free trade Pro-growth legal NSS VI: Free Markets - 1 Global free markets & free trade Pro-growth legal and regulatory policies Lower marginal tax rates Rule of law, intolerence of corruption Strong financial systems Sound fiscal policies to support business[sic!] Investment in health & education Free trade = “real freedom”

NSS VI: Free Markets - 2 Comprehensive strategy: Global free trade via WTO Regional NSS VI: Free Markets - 2 Comprehensive strategy: Global free trade via WTO Regional initiatives, e. g. , FTAA by 2005 Bilateral free trade, e. g. , Chile & Singapore Congressional support: Trade Act of 2002 Development = f(free trade) Enforce trade agreements & laws vs unfair L practices Help domestic workers adjust Protect Environment & workers Enhance Energy Security Stablize Greenhouse gas concentrations, more nukes

NSS VII: Opening Societies Aid those countries who enact neoliberal reforms More World Bank NSS VII: Opening Societies Aid those countries who enact neoliberal reforms More World Bank etc money to increase productivity thru education, rule of law and private sector development Demand measurable results More results-based grants, fewer loans Free trade and free capital markets Support for public health Support for education New Agricultural technology, biotechnologies

NSS VIII: Cooperative Action NATO: expand it, improve fighting forces Asian Alliances: Japan, S. NSS VIII: Cooperative Action NATO: expand it, improve fighting forces Asian Alliances: Japan, S. Korea, Australia Maintain forces in the region Russia: more cooperation, more free-markets India: free flow of commerce, Support development of EU problem: nukes & conflict w/Pakistan China: free trade (4 th largest trading partner), problems: HR, arms

NSS IX: Change NS Institutions Changed threats = changed military capabilities US forces overseas: NSS IX: Change NS Institutions Changed threats = changed military capabilities US forces overseas: “bases and stations within and beyond W. Europe & NE Asia, & temp access arrangements” Prepare for more Afghan-type “deployments” Dissuade any attempt to equal US power Increase and integrate intelligence gathering Domestic and foreign, more authority for Dir of CI Dept of State: diplomacy w/govt’s & NGOs More PR Refuse jurisdiction of International Criminal Court No investigation, inquiry or prosecution of Americans “Protect American nationals from the ICC”

--END-- --END--