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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

Unit Two: Chapter 12 • anti- • -less • bi- • phon • en-, Unit Two: Chapter 12 • anti- • -less • bi- • phon • en-, em- • post- • graph, gram • spect • inter- • sub-

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 anti • Antifreeze prevents the water in a car radiator from freezing. • Many students in the 1960 s who disapproved of the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War took part in antiwar marches. The word part anti- means A. for. B. against. C. two.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 1 anti • Antifreeze prevents the water in a car radiator from freezing. • Many students in the 1960 s who disapproved of the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War took part in antiwar marches. The word part anti- means A. for. B. against. C. two. Antiperspirant protects against perspiration. Antifreeze protects the water in the radiator against freezing. Students who disapproved of the war would march against the war.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 2 bi • In addition to the expected pair of wheels, a bicycle built for two also has two seats. • “You can have only one wife at a time. ” Judge Graves told the bigamist, “not two at once. ” The word part bi- means A. two. B. look. C. speech.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 2 bi • In addition to the expected pair of wheels, a bicycle built for two also has two seats. • “You can have only one wife at a time. ” Judge Graves told the bigamist, “not two at once. ” The word part bi- means A. two. B. look. C. speech. A bicycle has two wheels. The words pair of wheels are a clue. The bigamist has two wives at one time. A bicycle has two wheels

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 3 en-, em • On the boss’s door were two signs: “Enter” and “Exit. ” • A brief kiss, a quick embrace, and she was gone—leaving me wondering if I had really held her in my arms. The word part en- or em- means A. sound. B. below. C. in, into.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 3 en-, em • On the boss’s door were two signs: “Enter” and “Exit. ” • A brief kiss, a quick embrace, and she was gone—leaving me wondering if I had really held her in my arms. The word part en- or em- means A. sound. B. below. C. in, into. Enter means to go into or come An entrance is a place to go in. into. In the second item, the words in my arms are a clue.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 4 graph, gram • My little sister practices her handwriting so that if she becomes famous, her autograph will look good. • The diagram in my biology book shows that, strange as it may seem, an earthworm has two hearts. The word part graph or gram means A. under. B. something written or drawn. C. three.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 4 graph, gram • My little sister practices her handwriting so that if she becomes famous, her autograph will look good. • The diagram in my biology book shows that, strange as it may seem, an earthworm has two hearts. The word part graph or gram means A. under. B. something written or drawn. C. three. An autograph is a person’s written name. The word handwriting is a clue. A diagram is a drawing.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 5 inter • When my brother tries to speak while chewing gum, it’s impossible to understand him without an interpreter. • “Driving cross-country along the interstate highway was great, ” said Telly. “I got to eat in about twenty different states!” The word part inter- means A. something written. B. between. C. under.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 5 inter • When my brother tries to speak while chewing gum, it’s impossible to understand him without an interpreter. • “Driving cross-country along the interstate highway was great, ” said Telly. “I got to eat in about twenty different states!” The word part inter- means A. something written. B. between. C. under. An interpreter translates from one language to another (between two languages). An interstate highway runs between states.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 6 -less • The mayor spoke sadly about the homeless, but he did nothing to build low-income housing. • The Smiths’ marriage was loveless. They stayed together for the sake of their children, but the constant tension in their house was difficult for everyone to bear. The word part -less means A. without. B. with. C. look.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 6 -less • The mayor spoke sadly about the homeless, but he did nothing to build low-income housing. • The Smiths’ marriage was loveless. They stayed together for the sake of their children, but the constant tension in their house was difficult for everyone to bear. The word part -less means A. without. B. with. C. look. The homeless are people without homes. If the Smiths stayed together only for the sake of their children and if there was constant tension, their marriage must have been without love.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 7 phon • Alexander Graham Bell invented not only the telephone but also a kite that could carry a person. • Whenever Wayne played the saxophone, dogs howled, cats screamed, and lovebirds got divorced. The word part phon means A. under. B. sound. C. watch.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 7 phon • Alexander Graham Bell invented not only the telephone but also a kite that could carry a person. • Whenever Wayne played the saxophone, dogs howled, cats screamed, and lovebirds got divorced. The word part phon means A. under. B. sound. C. watch. The telephone carries sound. When a person plays a saxophone, the instrument makes sound (but in this case that sound must not be very pleasant).

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 8 post • Why are baseball games postponed because of a light rain, but football games not called off even if it rains heavily? • My playful sister included a postscript after her letter that said, “P. S. I don’t have anything else to say. ” The word part post- means A. half. B. speech. C. after.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 8 post • Why are baseball games postponed because of a light rain, but football games not called off even if it rains heavily? • My playful sister included a postscript after her letter that said, “P. S. I don’t have anything else to say. ” The word part post- means A. half. B. speech. C. after. Baseball games are put off until sometime later (after). If the sister has nothing more to say, she would add this note after she has written the rest of the letter. The word after tells you the meaning.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 9 spect • Detective Blake amazed everyone by inspecting the tuna casserole thief was baking and then fishing the stolen jewels out with a fork. • Spectators at a tennis match tend to watch the ball, not the players. The word part spect means A. hear. B. look. C. not.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 9 spect • Detective Blake amazed everyone by inspecting the tuna casserole thief was baking and then fishing the stolen jewels out with a fork. • Spectators at a tennis match tend to watch the ball, not the players. The word part spect means A. hear. B. look. C. not. To inspect something is to look at it carefully. Spectators look at a sporting even. The word watch is a clue.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 10 sub • Some people won’t travel by subway because they fear being trapped underground. • On the submarine ride at Disneyland, passengers can see models of such underwater life as seahorses and sharks. The word part sub- means A. under. B. new. C. over.

TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on TEN WORD PARTS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning of the word part based on the boldfaced words. 10 sub • Some people won’t travel by subway because they fear being trapped underground. • On the submarine ride at Disneyland, passengers can see models of such underwater life as seahorses and sharks. The word part sub- means A. under. B. new. C. over. Subways travel underground. Submarines travel underwater.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 1. Out on the ocean, sunsets can be (. . . acular) ___ displays of color really worth seeing. 2. The French have trouble with English (. . . etics) ___, especially the sound of er, as in anger and later.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 1. Out on the ocean, sunsets can be _______ spectacular displays of color really worth seeing. One looks at sunsets. The word seeing is a clue. 2. The French have trouble with English _______, phonetics especially the sound of er, as in anger and later. The French have trouble saying certain sounds in English.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 3. “We (. . . rupt) ___ this program to bring you a special news bulletin, ” the announcer said. 4. You can keep brown sugar moist by (. . . closing) ___ it in a container with a piece or two of apple. 5. In her (autobio. . . y) ___, The Story of My Life, Helen Keller tells how she was able to learn despite her blindness and deafness.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 3. “We ______ this program to bring you a special interrupt news bulletin, ” the announcer said. The special news bulletin is coming between the listeners and the program they are listening to. 4. You can keep brown sugar moist by _______ it in enclosing a container with a piece or two of apple. You can close the brown sugar in a can with the pieces of apple. 5. In her ________, The Story of My Life, Helen autobiography Keller tells how she was able to learn despite her blindness and deafness. An autobiography is the written story of the writer’s life.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 6. Clark was (. . . social) ___ in high school, but he became very outgoing in college. 7. Bird watchers prefer rubber-coated (. . . noculars) ___ because if they hit trees or equipment, they don’t make a noise that scares birds away.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 6. Clark was _______ in high school, but he antisocial became very outgoing in college. The fact that Clark was outgoing in college is contrasted with the fact that he was against socializing in high school. 7. Bird watchers prefer rubber-coated _______ binoculars because if they hit trees or equipment, they don’t make a noise that scares birds away. Binoculars have two separate sets of lenses—one for each eye.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 8. A (cord. . . ) ___ phone allows a parent to talk to a caller while following a wandering child around the house. 9. Prenatal care for birds means sitting on the eggs. (. . . natal) ___ care involves almost constant feeding during the day. 10. When we saw what appeared to be a floating log (. . . merge) ___ and then slide under the water toward our canoe, we knew two things: one, it wasn’t a log; two, it wanted to eat us.

SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each italicized word with the correct word part from the box. A. anti- B. bi- C. en-, em- D. graph, gram E. inter- F. -less G. phon H. post- I. spect J. sub- 8. A _______ phone allows a parent to talk to a caller cordless while following a wandering child around the house. A phone without a cord allows the parent to move around the house. 9. Prenatal care for birds means sitting on the eggs. ____ care involves almost constant feeding during the Postnatal day. After the eggs have hatched, birds must constantly feed their young. 10. When we saw what appeared to be a floating log _____ and then slide under the water toward our submerge canoe, we knew two things: one, it wasn’t a log; two, it wanted to eat us. The word under is a clue.