Скачать презентацию Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture Creating a Скачать презентацию Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture Creating a

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Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture Creating a Roadmap for Global AIM Interoperability Brett Building a Global AIM Enterprise Architecture Creating a Roadmap for Global AIM Interoperability Brett Brunk Aeronautical Information Management (AIM) Group Federal Aviation Administration – United States March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration

Agenda • Introduction to Enterprise Architecture • Application to AIM • Global AIM (G-AIM) Agenda • Introduction to Enterprise Architecture • Application to AIM • Global AIM (G-AIM) EA – Identifying information needs of the Global ATM Operational Concept (Doc 9854) • FAA AIM EA Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 2

Motivation for Global AIM Enterprise Architecture • Aeronautical information is global in nature • Motivation for Global AIM Enterprise Architecture • Aeronautical information is global in nature • Today’s paper-based AIS guidance and products do not lend themselves to information sharing • Future ATM Operational Concepts will need more aeronautical information – timely, accurate, quality • Enterprise Architecture is a tool that can be used to improve efficiency and effectiveness of an organization Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 3

Why Enterprise Architecture? • Enterprise Architecture provides – Effective planning – better decisions – Why Enterprise Architecture? • Enterprise Architecture provides – Effective planning – better decisions – “Future proofing” – Helps organize and synchronize investments • Disciplined approach defining our organization – Why – What – How – When Performance Goals Business / Operational activities; Information System capabilities and functions; Technologies; Standards Timelines and roadmaps (From AIS to AIM) Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 4

Enterprise Architecture Basics • Basic Parts of an EA – Current situation – baseline Enterprise Architecture Basics • Basic Parts of an EA – Current situation – baseline - “As Is” – Future goal – target - “To Be” – Roadmap from “As Is” to “To Be” AIP SUP, NOTAM, AIC Classical AIS “AS IS” Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Future AIM “TO BE” Federal Aviation Administration 5

Global AIS to AIM with Enterprise Architecture AIP SUP, NOTAM, AIC Classical AIS ture Global AIS to AIM with Enterprise Architecture AIP SUP, NOTAM, AIC Classical AIS ture ies hitec nal activit rc rise A zatio nterp s/ Organi E es s Busin function m ds Syste ation nee ards d Inform ology stan n Tech Future AIM Identify common themes of AIM • Targets of opportunity (D-AIM, AIXM, AMDB, NDBX, NOTAM) • Identify barriers to modernization - Policy, SARPS, Cost, Technology, … Effectively communicate and coordinate AIM • Influence global AIS modernization • Ensure AIM’s place within ATM • Influence vendor products and services - Eventually lower costs for AIM Modernization Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 6

GAIM Segment-Enterprise Architecture ATM AIM “Overall Aviation EA” • Next. Gen /SESAR/ Future Operational GAIM Segment-Enterprise Architecture ATM AIM “Overall Aviation EA” • Next. Gen /SESAR/ Future Operational Improvements • Global ATM Roadmaps • Investment Analysis and Solution Set coordination “AIM-Segment Actionable EA” • Global AIM portion of Future Operational Improvements • Global AIM activities and services • Global interoperability • Transition planning Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 7

Global AIM EA core team • Team with a goal to develop the future Global AIM EA core team • Team with a goal to develop the future architecture for AIM – – US FAA AIM group US Air Force, Air Mobility Command EUROCONTROL Air. Services Australia, Information Communication Technology (ICT) Planning Technology and Asset Services Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 8

Global AIM Activities • Initial coordination – May 2008 – FAA and Air. Services Global AIM Activities • Initial coordination – May 2008 – FAA and Air. Services Australia • 2008 Global AIM Congress in Singapore – Introduction to Enterprise Architecture – Experiences of ASA and FAA • Analysis of ICAO SARPS and CONOPS – Annex 4, 15 – “As Is” today – Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept • AIS to AIM Study Group – Information Paper: “Including AIM into Annex 15” • 2009 work plan – – AIM information needs NOTAM and Pilot Briefing concepts Enterprise Architecture seminar in Asia-Pacific? 2009 Global AIM congress in South Africa Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 9

The Foundation for Global AIM • Global AIM – Derived from the Global ATM The Foundation for Global AIM • Global AIM – Derived from the Global ATM Operational Concept – Has a common set of requirements • As defined by ICAO SARPS – Involves a common set of customer expectations for being able to coordinate operations • Within and across member states and partners – Will facilitate the next generation of Air Traffic Management solutions, worldwide – Provides the knowledge-base for global aviation • Global AIM involves an international community of dedicated experts, chartered to improve safety, efficiency, and capacity in an environmentally sound manner. Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 10

Current situation according to Annex 15 ATM • Enabling flight operations AIS • Provide Current situation according to Annex 15 ATM • Enabling flight operations AIS • Provide information/data necessary to support international air navigation – Assemble static information products (AIP, AIC, Charts) – Provide notices of aeronautical information changes (NOTAM, SNOWTAM, BIRDTAM, ASHTAM) – Brief pilots (PIB) Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 11

Global ATM Vision • Provide “a holistic, cooperative and collaborative decision-making environment, where the Global ATM Vision • Provide “a holistic, cooperative and collaborative decision-making environment, where the diverging expectations and interests of all members of the ATM community are balanced to achieve equity and access. ” From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (1. 9. 1) • “Information management provides accredited, quality-assured and timely information used to support ATM operations. ” From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (2. 15) Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 12

ATM High-Level Operational Concept Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 13 ATM High-Level Operational Concept Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 13

What does the Global ATM Operational Concept tell us? • Need a move to What does the Global ATM Operational Concept tell us? • Need a move to seamless global air traffic management – Internationally harmonized and globally interoperable ATM system • ATM includes seven capabilities – – – – • Manage airspace Demand capacity balancing Aeronautical operations Traffic synchronization Conflict management Airspace user operations ATM service delivery management AIM/Information Services – Provide the information services necessary to support the seven ATM capabilities Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 14

Role of AIM according to Doc 9854 ATM • Enabling flight operations Aeronautical Common Role of AIM according to Doc 9854 ATM • Enabling flight operations Aeronautical Common Operating Picture Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 AIM • Provide common operating picture of aeronautical situation – – Monitor quality Control quality Provide information sharing Integrate data (historical, planning and operational) – Provide decision information support Federal Aviation Administration 15

What is missing in AIM today? Global ATM capabilities – Manage airspace – Demand What is missing in AIM today? Global ATM capabilities – Manage airspace – Demand capacity balancing – Aerodrome operations – Traffic synchronization – Conflict management – Airspace user operations – ATM service delivery management Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 How should AIM support these ATM capabilities? Federal Aviation Administration 16

Implication for AIS and AIM • In the past focused on satisfying Annex 15 Implication for AIS and AIM • In the past focused on satisfying Annex 15 – Annexes are stove-piped • Focus on satisfying Global ATM operational concepts – ATM is a global integrated enterprise – Identify new enhancements needed for AIM • Performance • Business activities • Information exchange requirements • Result – Changes to Annex 15 to ensure AIM supports future ATM Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 17

AIM High-Level Operational Concept Interactive, on-demand aeronautical information interchange between the global aviation community AIM High-Level Operational Concept Interactive, on-demand aeronautical information interchange between the global aviation community to support safe, efficient and environmentally sound flight operations that maximizes system capacity Airlines Air Navigation Service Providers 3 rd Party Data Suppliers Airports Aeronautical Common Operating Picture Law enforcement Meteorological Service Search and Rescue Other airspace users General Aviation Military ICAO, Regulators and Industry Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 18

ATM Concept Components Provide ATM Services Provide Airspace Operate Aerodrome Facility Maintain Traffic Flow ATM Concept Components Provide ATM Services Provide Airspace Operate Aerodrome Facility Maintain Traffic Flow Balance Demand Capacity Determine Capacity Access Demand Capacity Imbalance Mitigate Demand Capacity Imbalance Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Support Airspace User Operations Synchronize Traffic Manage ATM Service Delivery Manage Conflict Evaluate Traffic Flow Allocate Capacity Facilitate Collaborative Decision Making Federal Aviation Administration 19

ATM Business Activity Model Balance Capacity and Demand Controls Inputs Calculate actual capacity levels ATM Business Activity Model Balance Capacity and Demand Controls Inputs Calculate actual capacity levels resulting from aeronautical information common operating picture and environmental conditions that could serve to reduce capacity from engineered (ideal) capacity levels Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Outputs AIM flows Other flows Mechanisms Federal Aviation Administration 20

AIM Support for Determine Capacity • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity services? AIM Support for Determine Capacity • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity services? – Capacity rules validation and capture – Capacity calculations – Capturing environmental conditions – Providing Aeronautical Common Operating Picture Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 21

AIM Support for Determine Capacity • What are the performance requirements? – Maximize capacity AIM Support for Determine Capacity • What are the performance requirements? – Maximize capacity given constraints while maintaining safety • How are AIM services and information supporting this performance requirement? Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 22

AIM Support for Determine Capacity • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity information? AIM Support for Determine Capacity • Should AIM be expanded to include capacity information? – Airport capacity • Taxiway capacity • Gate turn around time • Runway arrival/departure rate – Airspace capacity Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 23

Aeronautical Information Needs Term Capacity Airspace Reservation Source Doc 9854 Definition The maximum number Aeronautical Information Needs Term Capacity Airspace Reservation Source Doc 9854 Definition The maximum number of aircraft that can be accommodated in a given time period by the system or one of its components Airspace reservation: means, a defined volume of airspace, normally under the jurisdiction of one aviation authority and temporarily reserved, by common agreement, for exclusive use by another aviation authority AIXM 5 Mapping Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Airspace. Usage Federal Aviation Administration 24

Applying G-AIM EA to the FAA Global AIM Enterprise Architecture + FAA Next. Gen Applying G-AIM EA to the FAA Global AIM Enterprise Architecture + FAA Next. Gen = AIM Common Status and Structure Data (CSSD) • CSSD – Expanding the role of AIM to provide the information and services necessary to support future ATM – Digital – Services Oriented Architectures (SOA) – Standards-based Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 25

The Problem … Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 26 The Problem … Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 26

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Data Management Airport Airspace Weather* Surveillance Route Procedures Traffic Management Initiatives Navigation Aids Communication Aerial Refueling NOTAM Pilot Report Airspace activation Advisory Field Condition SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 27

First steps Standards-based AIM technology platform Components of an AIM solution • User Interface First steps Standards-based AIM technology platform Components of an AIM solution • User Interface • Business Rules • Geographic Information System • Mapping Services • SWIM Core Services • Authentication • Database Key Standards • Web Browser • GML (Geographic Markup Language) • ISO 19100 Series • Annex 15 • AIXM 5. x • Web Service standards (WS*) • SQL Technologies • Google Web Toolkit • JBOSS Rules Engine • Postgre. SQL Database • Post. GIS • OGC WFS, WMS • Java Development of an open-source, standards-based platform for AIM Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 28

Summary • AIM Enterprise Architecture – Establishes a common language to share information across Summary • AIM Enterprise Architecture – Establishes a common language to share information across the global aeronautical communities, including: • CANSO, ICAO, IATA, Global AIM Consortium – Improve efficiency and effectiveness of AIM to support Global ATM Concepts • Global AIM – Identify of future aeronautical information services – Recommendations for AIS to AIM Study group • FAA AIM – Delivery of digital aeronautical information to support Next. Gen concepts – Standards-based platform for a model AIM system Global AIM Architecture Framework March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 29