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Britain in 1900 • Problem of Poverty in 1900 • Changing attitudes • Liberal Britain in 1900 • Problem of Poverty in 1900 • Changing attitudes • Liberal Reforms • Assessment of reforms

Britain in 1900 Huge slum tracts in the big cities testified to the social Britain in 1900 Huge slum tracts in the big cities testified to the social divide • Rich and Powerful country due to industrial revolution • Politics dominated by Conservative and Liberal Parties • wealth in the hands of small group

Working class housing in Liverpool in the early 1900 s Working class housing in Liverpool in the early 1900 s

The Gorbals: Small children by midden in back court The Gorbals: Small children by midden in back court

Role of the government • ‘laissez faire’- the state should not interfere in the Role of the government • ‘laissez faire’- the state should not interfere in the lives of the people or in the economy • Small role to: • Provide limited education, health, help for the poor control of Tenement housing in Whittle Street, Liverpool 1902 workplace

http: //news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/england/1917452. stm The Poor Law System • Government did not http: //news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/england/1917452. stm The Poor Law System • Government did not provide much help to poor people • Help for the poor was called relief • Outdoor relief: help given in their home • Indoor relief : help given in the workhouse or poorhouse Tonbridge workhouse women's ward, c. 1897

Tonbridge workhouse female inmates 1897. Tonbridge workhouse female inmates 1897.

The Poor Law System • You had to prove you were poor • Life The Poor Law System • You had to prove you were poor • Life was made harsh so that it was less likely to be chosen over the lowest paid job • No help for able bodied (fit)

Brighton Workhouse Day Breakfast Dinner Supper Sunday Milk Porridge Boiled Beef or Pork Cheese Brighton Workhouse Day Breakfast Dinner Supper Sunday Milk Porridge Boiled Beef or Pork Cheese & Butter Monday Gruel Soup of leftovers Milk Porridge Tuesday Milk Porridge Beef Pudding Cheese & Butter Wednesday Gruel Boiled Beef or Pork Milk Porridge Thursday Milk Porridge Soup of leftovers Cheese & Butter Friday Gruel Meat pudding Milk Porridge Saturday Milk Porridge Irish Stew Gruel

Was the Poor House successful? Workhouse near Glasgow • Could not cope with the Was the Poor House successful? Workhouse near Glasgow • Could not cope with the rising unemployment or poverty • Hated by the poor most shunned the poor house (90%) • Work inside was boring, disciplined • Families separated

Why was it so harsh? • Should encourage the poor to look for work Why was it so harsh? • Should encourage the poor to look for work • Forced to look after themselves • Those in poverty must be idle, spending to much or drunk • http: //www. workhouses. org. uk/ Close, No. 157 Bridgegate, Glasgow