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Book One Lesson Three Blackmail By Arthur Hailey Book One Lesson Three Blackmail By Arthur Hailey

| Arth ur Haile y | | | The author of a number of | Arth ur Haile y | | | The author of a number of bestselling novels, Born in Luton, England, in 1920 He was educated in English schools until 14. After a brief career as an office boy, he became a pilot and flight lieutenant. In 1947 Hailey emigrated to Canada, where he was successively a real estate salesman, business paper editor and a sales and advertising executive. In 1956 Arthur Hailey scored his first writing success with a TV drama, Flight into Danger, which became a motion picture and a novel, Runway Zero-Eight (1958).

| | | The sensational Hailey bestsellers include The Final Diagnosis (1959), In High | | | The sensational Hailey bestsellers include The Final Diagnosis (1959), In High Place (1962), Hotel (1966), Airport (1968), Wheels (1971), The Moneychangers (1975). Though a Canadian himself, he set the scene of most of his works in the United States. Each of his books deals with one particular field of society. This is made clear by the titles of his books. It is this peculiarity of his that is of value to those who are eager to learn about contemporary American society.

| Proverbs, popular sayings and witty remarks about money and law. | Good advice | Proverbs, popular sayings and witty remarks about money and law. | Good advice is beyond all prices. | Penny wise, pound foolish. | All that glitters is not gold. | Money is a good servant but a bad master. | Money spent on the brain is never spent in vain. | Money talks.

| The love of money is the root of all evil. | Money often | The love of money is the root of all evil. | Money often unmakes the man who makes it. | Wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand. | Those who believe money can do everything are frequently prepared to do everything for money. | He who serves God for money will serve the Devil for better wages.

| Money can move even the gods. | Money makes the mare go. | | Money can move even the gods. | Money makes the mare go. | Money is the key that opens all doors. | Muck and money go together. | Rich people are poor people with money. | Money is the best lawyer. | Money has no smell. | Money is a bottomless sea, in which honor, conscience and truth may be drowned.

| Money answers all things. | Money begets (breeds, gets, draws) money. | Money | Money answers all things. | Money begets (breeds, gets, draws) money. | Money is the best passport. | The Mills of God grind slowly but surely. | Heaven’s vengeance is slow but sure. | Justice has long arms. | Cleverness may overreach oneself.

| Seven deadly sins in Christianity | Pride is a braggart. 骄傲 | Lechery | Seven deadly sins in Christianity | Pride is a braggart. 骄傲 | Lechery is a villain. 好色 | Envy is a fellow. 嫉妒 | Wrath is a cook. 狂怒 | Avarice is a heartless usurer. 贪婪 | Sloth is a lazy person. 懒惰 | Glutton is a drunkard. 饕餮, 贪食

| Some more suggested questions. | 13. What does the word “declare” imply? | | Some more suggested questions. | 13. What does the word “declare” imply? | 14. The significance of the CIGAR. | 15. The house detective. | 16. The Duke. | 17. The Duchess. | 18. Can you foresee what is in store for the house detective? | 19. In what way would you like to continue the story?

| | | | | -mail surface mail airmail e-mail junk mail black~ ivory | | | | | -mail surface mail airmail e-mail junk mail black~ ivory ~ball ~ eye | | | | | ~-letter day ~ list ~ man ~ magic ~ jack/flag ~ hearted ~ heart ~guard ~ Friday ~ death

| | | | blackmail: the obtaining of money or advancement by threatening to | | | | blackmail: the obtaining of money or advancement by threatening to make known unpleasant facts about a person or a group blackmail sb. into doing sth. He had blackmailed her into sailing with her. His former mistress tried to blackmail him. We do not pay blackmail. Some people use emotional blackmail. The rascal tried to blackmail the clerk into helping him draw the money, but he failed.

| house detective | on the house | house-made wine | house flag | house detective | on the house | house-made wine | house flag

| declare: to make known publicly, explicitly, formally, or officially, according to rules, customs, | declare: to make known publicly, explicitly, formally, or officially, according to rules, customs, etc. | *Our government has tonight declared war against/on Germany. | *Jones was declared the winner of the fight. | *I declare Tom Sawyer elected! | *I declare the 2 nd session of the preliminary meeting of CPC opens!

| | | declare: to state or show with great force so that there | | | declare: to state or show with great force so that there is no doubt about the meaning He declared that he was right. He declared his position. He declared himself (to be) an honest man/innocent. #to make a full statement of property for which money may be owned to the government Have you anything to declare (e. g. silk goods, tobacco, wines, electric appliances, cars, motor cars, etc. )?

| pronunciation | suite suede decor corps depot quay vineyard almond | | | | pronunciation | suite suede decor corps depot quay vineyard almond | | | |

| #fray: to break threads in (part of a garment, esp. sleeves, collar of | #fray: to break threads in (part of a garment, esp. sleeves, collar of elbows) by hard wear | *Long wear had ~ed the collar and cuffs of his old shirt. | *The beggar’s shirt was ~ed at the neck. | *Cheap fabric soon frays. | *The electrical wire is ~ing and could be dangerous to handle.

| #to cause threads (in a rope or the edge of material) to separate | #to cause threads (in a rope or the edge of material) to separate instead of remaining close. | *She found it difficult to make a nylon dress, because the material frayed so quickly when she cut it.

| #to cause (a person’s temper, nerves, etc. ) to become worn out; to | #to cause (a person’s temper, nerves, etc. ) to become worn out; to strain (the nerves, temper, etc. ) almost to breaking point | * The argument frayed their nerves. | *Her nerves were frayed by the noise in the street. | *Temper began to fray in the hot weather. | be eager for the fray | 唯恐天下不乱

| #dispatch, | to despatch send off (to a place or for a stated | #dispatch, | to despatch send off (to a place or for a stated purpose) | to dispatch letters | to dispatch invitations | to dispatch a telegram | to dispatch a messenger | to dispatch a boy to buy beer

| dispatch | #to put a quick end to; to finish off promptly (a | dispatch | #to put a quick end to; to finish off promptly (a piece of work, business, food, etc. ) | *We soon dispatched the chocolate cake. | *He dispatched his lunch and hurried to the station.

| | | dispatch #euph. to kill (usu. officially and according to plan); to | | | dispatch #euph. to kill (usu. officially and according to plan); to put to death *He dispatched the bear with one blow on the head. *to dispatch a criminal #message carried by a government official, or sent to a newspaper by one of its writers | 新闻专电,急件,快邮 | *The Xinhua News Agency receives dispatches from all parts of the world everyday.

| #dispatch: speed and effectiveness | *He did the job with great dispatch. | | #dispatch: speed and effectiveness | *He did the job with great dispatch. | 他速速干完了 作。 | *He concluded the negotiation with dispatch. | 他迅速结束谈判。 | *He showed his ability in the dispatch of business. | 他表现出赶办事情的能力。 | *He | sent the letter by dispatch. 他以快邮寄出他的信。

| | | | errand: a short journey to carry out a particular task, | | | | errand: a short journey to carry out a particular task, made to get sth. or to carry a message to send sb. on an errand to run an errand for to go on an errand for I’ve no time to go on errands for you! He was sent on an errand. #fool’s errand: an effort that is seen in the end as useless, fruitless, pointless send sb/go on an fool’s errand

A living dog is better than a dead lion. 杂种狗 poodle Alsatian terrier pooch A living dog is better than a dead lion. 杂种狗 poodle Alsatian terrier pooch 狼狗 长卷毛狗 梗 greyhound 灵提 spaniel 长毛垂耳狗 Collie 柯利牧羊犬 Pekinese Sha Pei 沙皮狗 Dalmatian 北京狗 短毛狗 dog 公狗 bitch 母狗 小狗 pup(py ) spitz Shih Tzu 狮子狗 丝毛犬

| | flip: move, toss, push or throw sth with a quick jerk; flick | | flip: move, toss, push or throw sth with a quick jerk; flick *She flipped off her dark glasses. *She flipped a few coins on to the bar. *Mary flipped a speck of dust off from her trousers.

| | | | obese: grossly fat or overweight obesity corpulent 肥胖(大) stout 肥硕的 | | | | obese: grossly fat or overweight obesity corpulent 肥胖(大) stout 肥硕的 gross 肥壮 thick-set 矮胖而健壮 heavily-built 身材厚实 humpty-dumpty 矮胖,短粗

| | | incongruous: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other | | | incongruous: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of sth; incompatible The duffel coat looked incongruous with the black dress she wore underneath. incongruous: strange, unexpected, or unsuitable in a particular situation The new theatre looks utterly incongruous in its setting. It seemed incongruous having a dance-band at the funeral.

| | | falsetto: a voice that is unusually or unnaturally high; a method | | | falsetto: a voice that is unusually or unnaturally high; a method of voice production used by male singers, esp tenors to sing notes higher than their normal range He was singing falsetto in this role. Cf. yodel

| | Jaguar: an expensive sportscar made in Britain Rolls Royce Peugeot Range Rover | | Jaguar: an expensive sportscar made in Britain Rolls Royce Peugeot Range Rover

| | | emission—emit: produce; discharge Coal-fired power stations continue to emit large quantities | | | emission—emit: produce; discharge Coal-fired power stations continue to emit large quantities of sulphur dioxide. She emitted a sound like laughter. emission of heat, a sigh, breath, light, smell, sound, gas, radiation, etc. carbon dioxide emissions

| shoot: to eject or impel by a sudden release of tension; to move | shoot: to eject or impel by a sudden release of tension; to move suddenly and rapidly in a particular direction | The pedestrians shot angry glances at the pickpocket. | After the lecture, the students shot various (an avalanche of) questions at the speaker. | Rents have shot up in the last few days in NY because of the terrorist attack.

|A brilliant idea shot into his confused mind. | The film was shot in |A brilliant idea shot into his confused mind. | The film was shot in California by the Chinese first-class photographer and director, Zhang Yimou. | She shot him a distrustful look. | bamboo shoots | bean shoots | rice shoots | the new shoots of the rosebush

| | | | It pays to check. : to be profitable or worthwhile | | | | It pays to check. : to be profitable or worthwhile to check It pays to think before you speak. It’ll pay to keep a diary in English. It paid to visit London, Paris for vivid European culture and civilization. It pays to get some professional advice before you make a decision. Getting some qualifications now will pay dividends (=bring a lot of advantages) in the long term. It would pay you to ask if there any jobs going at the London office.

| spit (spat, spat): eject saliva (blood, liquid) forcibly from the mouth, st. as | spit (spat, spat): eject saliva (blood, liquid) forcibly from the mouth, st. as a gesture of contempt or anger. | Todd spat in Hugh’s face. | Some young men just spat into the lovely lake. | The child spat out the nasty pill. | You’d better call the doctor. The child has been spitting up blood all morning.

| utter in an aggressive or hostile way | She spat abuse at the | utter in an aggressive or hostile way | She spat abuse at the jury. | “Go to Hell!” she spat. | be the spit (the dead spit) of (look exactly like) | Felix is the spit of Rosa’s brother. | Spit blood: feel or express vehement anger | It was enough to make anyone spit blood!

| | | | adversary: one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute Davis | | | | adversary: one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute Davis beat his adversary in the quarterfinals. Which school is our adversary in this week’s football game? The United States and Germany were adversaries during the two world wars. Gamblers found a formidable adversary in the new district attorney. Cf. antagonist Hamlet and his uncle were antagonists.

| throw the book at: charge or punish sb. as severely as possible or | throw the book at: charge or punish sb. as severely as possible or permitted | 严惩;严厉处罚/斥责 | throw | a chest 挺胸而立 | throw (cast) a damp | 使沮丧;使…失去乐趣 over sb. | throw cold water on sb. | throw a wet blanket on sb. | 对…泼冷水 | throw | a lie in sb. ’s face 当面戳穿谎言

| throw | (give) a sop to Cerberus 以贿赂收买 | throw a spanner/wrench into | throw | (give) a sop to Cerberus 以贿赂收买 | throw a spanner/wrench into the work | 从中捣乱;完全弄糟 | throw | 对加以说明;使人明白 | throw | (shed) light on dust in sb. s eyes 欺骗;迷惑 | throw a sprat to catch a mackerel | 吃小亏占大便宜

| More for “book”: | kiss the book = to kiss the Bible before | More for “book”: | kiss the book = to kiss the Bible before vowing | read sb. like a book = to see through sb. | take a leaf out of another's book = to follow suit | examine the book = to check the account book | cook the book = to falsify the account book

| fancy birds 奇珍异鸟 fancy fresh fruit | fancy diving | | 花样跳水 fancy | fancy birds 奇珍异鸟 fancy fresh fruit | fancy diving | | 花样跳水 fancy skating fancy fair | | fancy: | | | | 特级鲜果 fancy man | (英)小商品 情夫 | fancy woman 市场 fancy ball | 情妇 | fancy house 化装舞会 fancy dress | 妓院

| fancy price | 高昂的价格 fancy shoes | | | to fancy oneself: 自以为(了不起) | fancy price | 高昂的价格 fancy shoes | | | to fancy oneself: 自以为(了不起) 别致的鞋子 | Oh, fancy meeting you fancy-free: adj. here! | Fancy his believing it! 未(订)婚的; 可自由谈爱的 他竟然相信了,多稀 | 奇呀! | Fancy having to wait all afternoon! | | 哎呀,竟要等一个下 午!

| | | by rights in justice Do what I should do in justice | | | by rights in justice Do what I should do in justice (report what I know to police headquarters) and a group of policemen will come over here so fast that you wouldn’t be able to see them moving. | in fairness play fair (fair play) respect for the rules or equal treatment of all concerned

| | | pigsty pigtail (cf. ponytail) pig it (cf. rough it) | | | | | pigsty pigtail (cf. ponytail) pig it (cf. rough it) | | | pig | to teach a pig to play on a flute live like pigs in clover Pigs might fly (if they had wings). when pigs fly (when Dover and Calais meet…)

| wither: (of a plant) become dry and shriveled for lack of moisture/ because | wither: (of a plant) become dry and shriveled for lack of moisture/ because of extreme heat or cold | | | The grass has withered to an unappealing brown. (withered leaves) The flowers soon withered. The sun withered (up) the grass. 她已色衰。 Her beauty has withered. 她的希望渐渐幻灭。 Her hopes withered.

| She withered him with a scornful look. mortify sb with a scornful look | She withered him with a scornful look. mortify sb with a scornful look or manner; to reduce to silence; to make speechless /incapable of action | 她轻蔑的一瞥使他自感羞愧。(无言以 对/无言以答) | 警官恶狠狠地朝那阿飞看了一眼,使他 畏缩。 | The police officer withered the hooligan with a look.

| excessive self-confidence, imprudence | 自负,傲慢,大胆,厚颜 life assurance (E) fire, accident, labor, life, accident | excessive self-confidence, imprudence | 自负,傲慢,大胆,厚颜 life assurance (E) fire, accident, labor, life, accident insurance | | selfassurance

flicker : move irregularly/ unsteadily with a quick, light, wavering motion; flutter; to burn flicker : move irregularly/ unsteadily with a quick, light, wavering motion; flutter; to burn or shine fitfully or with a fluctuating light | I like watching the leaves flickering in the wind. | 我喜欢观看在风中摇曳的树叶。 | The candle flickered in the wind. | 蜡烛在风中闪烁摇曳。 | The last faint hope flickered up and died. | 最后一线微弱的希望闪了一下, 即刻熄灭了。

| The hope still flickered within her that her husband might be alive under | The hope still flickered within her that her husband might be alive under the ruins of the WTC. | 她在内心仍存一线希望:丈夫被压在世贸大楼 废墟底下还活着。 | His flicker of enthusiasm in the work was made to believe that he was serious. | 他在 作中一阵热情的闪现让人相信他是认真 的。 | A number of American film companies intend to make three-dimensional flickers in quantity. | 美国一些电影公司拟大量制作立体电影。

interject: make a sudden remark between others | Every now and then the speaker interject: make a sudden remark between others | Every now and then the speaker interjected some witty remarks. | 那演说者不时插入一些机智的评语。 She interjected the odd question here and there. |

take one’s time: not hurry | You can take your time to pay the take one’s time: not hurry | You can take your time to pay the debt you owe me.

time | | | | to beat time to serve one’s time to take time | | | | to beat time to serve one’s time to take time by the forelock to have time (hanging) on one’s hands to make time to be ahead of one’s time to be behind the times | | | time and a half time and motion study time belt (zone) time bomb time capsule time-consumer time gun time-honored timekeeper time limit timeserver time spirit

| “That’s more like it. ” is always said when a second thing said | “That’s more like it. ” is always said when a second thing said by the other person sounds more reasonable, plausible, less objectionable than the first one.

| sardonic : being scornful, cynical; to mock; to convey contempt, sarcastic: intending to | sardonic : being scornful, cynical; to mock; to convey contempt, sarcastic: intending to hurt the feelings, to inflict pain by deriding, taunting, | | 多是伤人的 satirical: intending to make a person or thing appear foolish or absurd, | 表轻视但不一定会伤人感情 | ironical: a humorous or sarcastic form of expressing in which the intended meaning of what is said is directly opposite to the usual sense | (用反语以)讽刺,幽默;出乎意料 冷峻的轻 视

| Our efforts to cheer him up produced only a sardonic smile. | The | Our efforts to cheer him up produced only a sardonic smile. | The teacher’s sarcastic comment about the girl’s essay made her cry. | We were all amused by the satirical comparison of life at college and in the army. | “What a fine day!” when said on a stormy day is an ironical remark.

|blackguard: |scoundrel, |villain, |knave, |rascal, |rogue, |scamp |blackguard: |scoundrel, |villain, |knave, |rascal, |rogue, |scamp

out of the way: improper; unusual | He declared that he would set fire out of the way: improper; unusual | He declared that he would set fire on the company to revenge his best friend Joe. But he had done nothing out of the way yet. |I didn't go to the party for I was afraid that I might say something out of the way.

| | go out one’s way: try one’s best We’ll go out of our | | go out one’s way: try one’s best We’ll go out of our way to make our foreign guests feel at home. You needn’t go out of your way on my account. | | have it both ways: If you keep on having it both ways in love affairs, you’ll suffer penalty from both sides. | 脚踏两只船 | mend one’s ways: I’ll mend my ways under the frank criticism of my friends and relatives. | 尽力 | 改邪归正

| | | onomato poeia: more instances (animals) | | Lions roar. Pigs/hogs grunt. | | | onomato poeia: more instances (animals) | | Lions roar. Pigs/hogs grunt. Bulls/oxen bellow/rout. Cows low/moo. Sheep/goats baa/bleat. Horses neigh/whinny. Asses/donkeys bray. | | | | Cats mew/purr/meow/mi aow. Rats/mice squeak/squeal. Frogs croak. Cocks crow/ cock-a-doodle-doo. Hens cackle/cluck. Chickens cheep/pip. Ducks quack.

| | | onomato | | poeia: more instances | | Geese cackle. Doves/pigeons | | | onomato | | poeia: more instances | | Geese cackle. Doves/pigeons coo. Crows/ravens caw/croak. Sparrows chirp. Bees hum/buzz/boom/ drone. Beetles drone/boom. Flies buzz. Insects chirrup/cheep. Crickets chirr. | | | | Mosquitoes buzz. Birds twitter/chirp/cheep. Wolves howl. Snakes hiss. Owls tu-uha/hoot. Dogs bark/bay/howl/gro wl snarl/yap/whine/ye lp/bowwow Giraffes?

| | | onomato poeia: | | | babble 婴儿咿 呀学语声 giggle hum hush | | | onomato poeia: | | | babble 婴儿咿 呀学语声 giggle hum hush murmur喃喃低 语 yo-heave-ho哟 嗨嗬 boom (zoom) 轰隆 clack (clatter) 咔嗒,铿锵 | | | | clink 叮叮 crack劈啪爆裂 声 thud咚 thump噔噔 thwack啪 birr机器噪声 clattle咔嗒声 pop砰砰声

| | | onomat opoeia: | plonk 落水声 splash溅水声 squash喀吱声 squeak叽叽声 squawk嘎嘎声 whiz 飕飕声 | | | onomat opoeia: | plonk 落水声 splash溅水声 squash喀吱声 squeak叽叽声 squawk嘎嘎声 whiz 飕飕声 | | | | clip-clop(马蹄)得得声 tick-tack(钟表)滴答声 rub-a-dub(鼓)咚咚声 jinglejangle玎玲铛琅 puff-puff(火车)喷气声 pit-a-pat劈劈啪啪 pitter-patter rat-tat(机枪)咕咕咕声

Lobby: a room providing a space out of which one or more other rooms Lobby: a room providing a space out of which one or more other rooms lead, typically one near the entrance of a public building |a group of people seeking to influence politicians or public officials on a p. issue (the Third House) | lobbyist | lobbyer | lobbyman | lobbyism

]liquor: an alcoholic drink, esp. one made by distillation, as whiskey or rum (neat ]liquor: an alcoholic drink, esp. one made by distillation, as whiskey or rum (neat whiskey) ]wine: mainly grape wine (sweet or dry wine) ]soft drinks: non-alcoholic, like soda pop | chaser: a mild drink, taken with or after liquor

word | | May I have a word | with you? He had words word | | May I have a word | with you? He had words with | his brother last night and it seemed| that they would never be reconciled|. No word has come | from the front. Please send word as| soon as possible. The boy kept his word. His word is as good as his bond. Trust her. She is a woman of her word. Never go back on your words. He is a man of few (many) words. to eat one’s words

| hunch: a feeling or guess based on intuition rather than known facts 预感, | hunch: a feeling or guess based on intuition rather than known facts 预感, 疑心 | She was acting on a hunch. I have a hunch that something is going to happen. | | hunchback humpback

lick: pass the tongue over sth. , typically in order to taste, moisten, or lick: pass the tongue over sth. , typically in order to taste, moisten, or clean it (flame, breeze, wave) look forward to sth with eager anticipation | | | He licked the stamp and stuck it on the envelop. He licked at his damaged hand with his tongue. The flames licked around the wood. lick one’s wounds lick sb’s boot lick /bite the dust

| | side street: narrow, less traveled street meeting a main street | back | | side street: narrow, less traveled street meeting a main street | back street: away from the main streets, esp. in a poor area of a town boulevard: a wide street in a town or city, typically one lined with trees | avenue: a thoroughfare running at right angles to the streets in a city laid out on a grid pattern

| | The American South | | | South Carolina Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia | | The American South | | | South Carolina Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia Louisiana Texas | | | | Virginia Arkansas North Carolina Tennessee Oklahoma Kentucky South of the Mason—Dixon line (south of Pennsylvania)

discreet| | : | circumspect in word or deed/able to | keep silent | discreet| | : | circumspect in word or deed/able to | keep silent | about matters where | prudence requires it He followed her at a discreet distance. 他小心地保持距离跟着她。 It was not very discreet of you to ring me up at the office. 你往我办公室打电话太不谨慎了。 His utterances never gave offense, being discreetly academic. Cf. discrete: individually separate and distinct | 分立的,各别的,不关联的 | Speech sounds are produced as a continuous sound signal rather than discrete units.

| He bought off those who might expose him. buy off/over: | 他将可能检举他的人收买了。 | | He bought off those who might expose him. buy off/over: | 他将可能检举他的人收买了。 | to get rid of (an unjust claim, a blackmailer) by making a payment/bri ne/corrupt sb | He tried to buy them off. He has been bribed into silence/to say nothing. to offer/to give/to hand out briberies to take briberies/to ask for briberies | | | 行贿 受贿 索贿

a slim chance ---a fat chance | His excuse was a beaut! (Irony) | a slim chance ---a fat chance | His excuse was a beaut! (Irony) | | 他的托词可真妙! A fat lot of good it did him. | 这对他一点好处也没有。

| roadblock: a bar, barrier or barricade or other object(s) used for closing a | roadblock: a bar, barrier or barricade or other object(s) used for closing a road to stop traffic, an enemy, etc. | blindage: object(s) that is used to hide and protect soldiers or other thing from being seen and attacked

| mould: (of a person’s) character, nature, etc. considered as having been shaped by | mould: (of a person’s) character, nature, etc. considered as having been shaped by family type, education, training, experience, etc. | He’ll never give up fighting against unjust treatment, if he is made in his father’s mould (if he has the same character as his father). He is cast in his father’s mould.

| respite: a welcome period of (time), delay, before suffering a punishment or fulfilling | respite: a welcome period of (time), delay, before suffering a punishment or fulfilling a duty | | | The office will be shut till Monday, so we have a few days’ respite before we need to pay the rent. The refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering. A big cloud brought a respite from the glare of the sun. 一大块云彩暂时遮住耀眼的阳光。

| People who refuse to comply with the law will be punished. comply: | | People who refuse to comply with the law will be punished. comply: | 我们应该遵从医嘱。 to act in accordance with another’s wishes, or with a demand, rule, order, etc. | We should comply with the doctor’s request. | 每个公民在出行时都应遵守交通 规则。 | Every citizen should comply with the traffic rules and regulations while outing.

dally: to be slow /to waste time dally with: to play with/to play at dally: to be slow /to waste time dally with: to play with/to play at a love relation with sb of the opposite sex | Don’t dally or we’ll be late. | The children dallied about in the garden and forgot about dinner. | Don’t dally over your food. | Never dally with a woman you don’t intend to marry.

| | stake: sum of money risked on the unknown result of a future | | stake: sum of money risked on the unknown result of a future event | | | He lost his stake when the horse finished last. They play for high stakes. I stake my reputation on his honesty. at stake: at risk My safety is at stake. to drive stakes: to put up tents, to settle down to pull up stakes: to move the house, to resign to go to the stake:

| He gamble on: play games of chance for money/take great risks for the | He gamble on: play games of chance for money/take great risks for the chance of winning sth. or making a profit lost his fortune gambling on the stock exchange/ at cards /in oil shares. | Don’t gamble with your future. | I’m gambling that you’ll like the way we do things. | Dice City | Las Vegas