Скачать презентацию Blind Aid Project Mid-Presentation Sandra Mau Nik Melchior Скачать презентацию Blind Aid Project Mid-Presentation Sandra Mau Nik Melchior

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Blind Aid Project Mid-Presentation Sandra Mau, Nik Melchior, Maxim Makatchev Blind Aid Project Mid-Presentation Sandra Mau, Nik Melchior, Maxim Makatchev

Contents ➲ Project overview ➲ What we've learned ➲ Related projects ➲ Website tour Contents ➲ Project overview ➲ What we've learned ➲ Related projects ➲ Website tour

Project Overview ➲ Develop an Electronic Travel Aid for the blind ➲ indoor navigation Project Overview ➲ Develop an Electronic Travel Aid for the blind ➲ indoor navigation and obstacle avoidance outdoor navigation and path planning Range sensors and/or GPS

Blind and Vision Rehabilitative Services of Pittsburgh Interviews with the President and Coordinator of Blind and Vision Rehabilitative Services of Pittsburgh Interviews with the President and Coordinator of Access Technologies ➲ Further interviews with Orientation and Mobility Instructors tomorrow ➲

Blind and Vision Rehabilitative Services of Pittsburgh ➲ ➲ Optometrist services Training facilities including Blind and Vision Rehabilitative Services of Pittsburgh ➲ ➲ Optometrist services Training facilities including a kitchen Dormitories We merited a mention in their monthly newsletter

What We Have Learned 90% of the blind cannot travel independently ➲ 7% use What We Have Learned 90% of the blind cannot travel independently ➲ 7% use canes ➲ Trailing: following a fine discrimination such as curb/grass border 3% use guide dogs ➲ Batteries don't die Take initiative (intelligent disobedience) Recognize limited classes of objects Follow Asimov's Laws

Interfaces Most blind people don't read braille (especially elderly) ➲ Vibration can be useful Interfaces Most blind people don't read braille (especially elderly) ➲ Vibration can be useful ➲ Audible is preferred ➲ In general: ➲ Should not chatter too much User should take initiative Do not need an inventory of a room Need a hand free

Interesting Problems Need to know what's nearby without actually passing by everything ➲ Indoor Interesting Problems Need to know what's nearby without actually passing by everything ➲ Indoor navigation is more important ➲ College campuses and hospitals Instrumented environments Hard to sell

Interesting Problems (1)Buses at a bus stop (2)GPS interface: current location and what's nearby Interesting Problems (1)Buses at a bus stop (2)GPS interface: current location and what's nearby (3)Where to go and what to do at airports, hotels, convention centers, etc.

Related Research ➲ Stated Preferences for Components of a Personal Guidance System for Nonvisual Related Research ➲ Stated Preferences for Components of a Personal Guidance System for Nonvisual Navigation [Golledge, Marston, Loomis, Klatzky] Preferred input type for PGS Voice input was strongest Braille was surprisingly not very popular Preferred output type for PGS Most accepted was a collar-or shoulder-mounted speech sound device Least accepted was output via headphones over ears For devices with extra directional cues, speech or tonal sound output was preferred

Related Projects ➲ University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Guide. Cane Nav. Belt Nav. Related Projects ➲ University of Michigan Mobile Robotics Lab Guide. Cane Nav. Belt Nav. Chair

Related Products ➲ Sound Foresight Ltd The Ultra. Cane Uses sonar to detect obstacles Related Products ➲ Sound Foresight Ltd The Ultra. Cane Uses sonar to detect obstacles and conveys this information through vibrating buttons on handle http: //www. soundforesight. co. uk/ultracane_demonstrator. htm

Related Products ➲ Adaptive Technology Consulting Many products for the visually impaired: Braille translation, Related Products ➲ Adaptive Technology Consulting Many products for the visually impaired: Braille translation, PDA, mobile phone organizer, screen magnifiers, Internet access with speech, etc. For navigation: GPS system

Related Products ➲ Telesensory ➲ Marco Audible Sensory System Tech-Link kids (First Lego Robotics) Related Products ➲ Telesensory ➲ Marco Audible Sensory System Tech-Link kids (First Lego Robotics) Pocket-bot

To the web. . . To the web. . .