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Bio-economy and Smart Specialisation Thematic seminar: Bio-economy challenges for the EU regions 29 April Bio-economy and Smart Specialisation Thematic seminar: Bio-economy challenges for the EU regions 29 April 2016 Katja Reppel Deputy Head of Unit CC Smart and Sustainable Growth DG Regional and Urban Policy Regional Policy

Cohesion Policy + ESIF basics ► 1 Common Provisions Regulation ►Based on EU Treaty Cohesion Policy + ESIF basics ► 1 Common Provisions Regulation ►Based on EU Treaty Article 176: aiming at 'economic, social and territorial cohesion', 'reducing disparities' and 'structural adjustment of lagging regions and the conversion of declining industrial regions' ►Shared Management: 456 national / regional programmes + 79 Interreg programmes … almost as many Managing Authorities and Monitoring Committees ► Different co-funding rates, spec. objectives, targets, delivery modes, etc (adjusted to region's / MS needs, priorities, overall context …) ► Funds mostly spent within a programme's territory ► over € 450 billion in 5 ESI Funds (ERDF (incl. "INTERREG"), ESF, Cohesion Fund, EAFRD, EMFF) Regional + over € 180 billion co-financing Policy Around 80% of Cohesion Policy funding goes to the less developed regions & countries See Cohesion Policy Data: https: //cohesiondata. ec. europa. eu 2 /

Thematic breakdown of ESIF 2014 -2020 Around € 100 billion for innovation in the Thematic breakdown of ESIF 2014 -2020 Around € 100 billion for innovation in the wide sense Purchasing power for innovative bio-economy solutions? In billion EUR Source: Final ESIF partnership agreements as of December 2014 Regional Policy

ESIF budget for research and innovation (TO 1) • • € 43, 7 billion ESIF budget for research and innovation (TO 1) • • € 43, 7 billion + € 22 national/regional co-financing + over € 10. 2 billion Private investment matching public support in R&I Including € 10 billion in financial instrument + over € 40 b illion in other thematic obje ctives: SME innovation , energy innovations, sk ills for innovation, sta rt-ups, deman d for innovative solutions for energy efficien cy, low carbon , climate, intellig ent transport, smart grids, ehealth, ICT, public sector m odernisation 4 Source: open data available at: https: //cohesiondata. ec. europa. eu/ Regional Policy

Origins of RIS 3 Clusters / Sector Analysis 2003 -2009: Demand side innovation policy Origins of RIS 3 Clusters / Sector Analysis 2003 -2009: Demand side innovation policy Research & Innovation Policy Industry & Enterprise RIS 3 policy Technological / scientific specialisation (centres of excellence) Lopsided ERA? Impact of research on growth? Innovation as driver for Regional Policy See for more: RIS 3 Guide http: //ec. europa. eu/regional_policy/sources/do cgener/guides/synergy/synergies_en. pdf Regional Policy Lead Market Initiative KETs Is modern industry policy not also innovation policy? Regional Innovation & Technology Strategies Innovation eco-systems Does one-size-fits-all really work for all regions? Enough for an economic transformation?

First RIS 3 Conclusions after negotiations • Fresh start for innovation policy governance in First RIS 3 Conclusions after negotiations • Fresh start for innovation policy governance in many countries & regions • Concept of RIS 3 welcomed as a possible way out of the crisis thanks to economic transformation of regions & MS • Role & potential of regions in innovation policy (place-based) • Better planning and impact orientation • More interest in trans-national and inter-regional cooperation (Vanguard, Macro-regional strategies, INTERREG) • Mutual learning & peer-reviews appreciated • Synergies with COSME & Horizon 2020 identified as opportunities • More awareness of EU initiatives, like "KETs" and industry policy • In advance insights in smart specialisation investment priorities (ground-breaking novelty for ESIF !) Regional Policy

167 EU regions (from 19 MS) + 18 EU MS at national level + 167 EU regions (from 19 MS) + 18 EU MS at national level + observers from Norway, Serbia, Turkey, Moldova • 60 regions and 15 MS peerreviewed • Trainings, thematic seminars • RIS 3 guidance • Web-site & Newsletter • Mapping of specialisations Regional Policy Register here: 7 http: //s 3 platform. jrc. europa. eu/registration

Eye@RIS 3 – an online database of RIS 3 priorities • to identify their [email protected] 3 – an online database of RIS 3 priorities • to identify their unique niches • to enable Regions to position themselves in the EU, • to seek out potential partners for collaboration − − − Data from peer reviews, expert assessment reports, and national reports; Additional data can also be uploaded, and any existing entries can be edited; Categories are not perfect matches, but allow to understand how different regions focus their priorities. Current status (December 2015): Most frequ ently cited fields of RI 3 S are rela ted to: • Energy • Health • ICT • Agro-food • Advanced materials • Services / Tourism • Eco-innov ation • Advanced manufactu ring • Creative in dustries 1350 priorities EU Countries with encoded RIS 3 Priorities: 31 EU Regions with encoded RIS 3 Priorities: 196 Non-EU Regions with encoded RIS 3 Priorities: 17 See: http: //s 3 platform. jrc. europa. eu/map Regional Policy 8

Eye@RIS 3 database: 101 results for 'Agriculture, forestry & fishing' Wide variety of specific [email protected] 3 database: 101 results for 'Agriculture, forestry & fishing' Wide variety of specific RIS 3 priorities, cross-sectoral and crosstechnology sub-areas: Regional Policy

Some advanced regions spotted this opportunity 2013 and teamed up in the Some advanced regions spotted this opportunity 2013 and teamed up in the "Vanguard Initiative" … 10 Regional Policy

Watch video o Matchn making Event 24 -25 F ebruary https: // 201 w Watch video o Matchn making Event 24 -25 F ebruary https: // 201 w 6 ww. you t ? v=ix. DA ube. com/watch KGapa. U c Pilot actions for joint demonstration: Advanced Manufacturing for energy applications - Efficient and sustainable manufacturing -High Performance Production with 3 D Printing' -Bio-economy (non-food biomass) -Nano-enabled products See: http: //www. s 3 vanguardinitiative. eu/pilotinitiatives/ Regional Policy

Methodology at work in 3 D-printing Value Chain Application domains & challenges - Mapping, Methodology at work in 3 D-printing Value Chain Application domains & challenges - Mapping, Matching & Co-investing Healthcare Automotive Aerospace Machinery and instruments - Electronics and electr. devices - Creative industries - Textiles 20 regions engage in Joint Demonstration to accelerate uptake 3 D-Printing Solutions in interregional value chains Regional Policy

Thematic Smart Specialisation Platforms: How? Approach: Using smart specialisation as a coordinating mechanism to Thematic Smart Specialisation Platforms: How? Approach: Using smart specialisation as a coordinating mechanism to align efforts ü Based on RIS 3 analysis – including "lagging regions" and other "un-usual suspects" ü Foster opportunities for regions/MS to team up around value-chains (Horizon 2020, COSME and INTERREG Europe could support networking costs) ü Driven by motivated regions (e. g. in the Vanguard Initiative) ü Entrepreneurial discovery at European level: inspired by Vanguard Initiative ü Involving relevant clusters, intermediaries, thematically related EU level initiatives (such as the EIT-KICs, Joint Undertakings, ETPs, EIPs, ERA-Nets, etc. ) ü Support the development of project investment pipe-lines ü Facilitate access to "real money" for resulting projects (incl. EFSI, cooperation with EIAH, private investors, coordinating ESIF investments, Horizon 2020 …) 13 Regional Policy

Thematic Smart Specialisation Platforms First TSSP concerns energy: Services offered: • Specific information and Thematic Smart Specialisation Platforms First TSSP concerns energy: Services offered: • Specific information and analysis, e. g. on global value chains • Initiate match-making among regions • Mutual transnational learning arena • Organisation of meetings • Methodologies 14 Regional Policy

What should be new in TSSPs compared to previous networks and platforms? • Strategic What should be new in TSSPs compared to previous networks and platforms? • Strategic focus: organising the 'discovery process' of opportunities for coinvestment in priority areas • Composition: not only immediate competitors, but potential cooperation partners along value chains (under each thematic smart specialisation platform a limited number of value-chain networks will be supported) • Governance: joint initiative of regions that commit and lead-by-example and DGs, open to all that commit • Objective: not only developing a specific technology / solution or mutual learning or joint strategy development, but a project pipeline leading to concrete, coordinated & joint investments 15 Regional Policy

Role of Synergies among EU Funds e. g. as charted out in the concept Role of Synergies among EU Funds e. g. as charted out in the concept for European Strategic Cluster Partnerships for Smart Specialisation Investments See INNOSUP-01 -2016 -2017 Horizon 2020 call (deadline 2 nd stage: 8/9/16) Implementation Phase Preparatory Phase Partnership building Joint strategy formulation Implementation roadmap COSME Matchmaking Joint activities, demonstration projects, pilots, preparation of bankable proposals INTERREG ESIF - RIS 3 Regional Policy Horizon 2020 Investment Phase Additional private/public financing Acceleration support Showcasing results EFSI

TSSPs do not re-invent the wheel But link in & draw on existing initiatives, TSSPs do not re-invent the wheel But link in & draw on existing initiatives, e. g. : Ø Commission’s bio-economy strategy & action plan Ø Lead Market Initiative (2008 -11): demand-side innovation policy tools for "Taking Bio-based from Promise to Market" Ø EEN sector group agrofood Ø Europe 2020 flagship: resource-efficient Europe Ø EIP for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability and its focus groups & EIP on Raw Materials Ø JTI: Bio-based Industries (BBI) with € 3. 7 billion budget and emerging value chains Ø EIT-KIC Food 4 Future Ø Vanguard Initiative: Interregional cooperation on innovative use of non-food Biomass Ø Food 2030 (? ) … Regional …. and engage regional policy-makers as key actors Policy

Next steps towards an agro-food TTSP • 12 May: Information Day on TSSP Agro-Food: Next steps towards an agro-food TTSP • 12 May: Information Day on TSSP Agro-Food: http: //s 3 platform. jrc. europa. eu/-/agri-food-s 3 -platform-information-day? inherit. Redirect=true&redirect=% 2 Fevents • 1 -2 June : Launch of Thematic Platforms at High-Level Smart Specialisation conference: http: //ec. europa. eu/regional_policy/en/conferences/smart-regions/ Regional Policy

Questions and Answers 19 Regional Policy Questions and Answers 19 Regional Policy