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Beyond the “What” of BIM, and Onto the “How” of BIM Deke Smith, FAIA, Beyond the “What” of BIM, and Onto the “How” of BIM Deke Smith, FAIA, Executive Director, building. SMART alliance January 13, 2009 National Institute of Building Sciences International Alliance for Interoperability

National Institute of Building Sciences • 1974 - Public Law 93 -383, Sect. 809 National Institute of Building Sciences • 1974 - Public Law 93 -383, Sect. 809 – Bridge between Private and Public Construction – Non-governmental – Unique 501 c 3 Organization – Unique in that it represents all disciplines in industry • Architects, Engineers, Contractors, Insurers, Unions, Manufacturers, Legal, Housing, Vendors, Owners, Consumers, State & Federal Government, Codes & Standards, and Testing – building. SMART alliance is a council of the Institute – Formerly International Alliance for interoperability • NIBS Related Products – – – Construction Criteria Base Whole Building Design Guide National CAD Standard National BIM Standard An Authoritative Source of Innovative Solutions for the Built Environment © 2008 NIBS

Agenda • The problem • The solution • The Strategy – – Architects Engineers Agenda • The problem • The solution • The Strategy – – Architects Engineers Contractors Real Estate Asset Managers • The Alliance © 2008 NIBS

Defining the Problem © 2008 NIBS Defining the Problem © 2008 NIBS

Shaping The Business Case Each Year • 5 Billion SF of New Construction • Shaping The Business Case Each Year • 5 Billion SF of New Construction • 5 Billion SF of Renovation • 1. 75 Billion of Demolition • NIST in 2004 identified $15. 8 B lost to lack of interoperability • CII/LCI - $1. 288 trillion US ($4. 8 trillion Worldwide) D&C industry with possible 57% waste 26% Manuf. ) – Even at 31% U. S. is no longer the worlds largest consumer…but we did not slow waste it equals $400 B annually • • • Facilities consume 40% of our energy 65. 2% of total U. S. elec. consumption Facilities contribute 40% of the emissions Facilities contribute 20% of land fills 40% of global raw materials are consumed by buildings – 75% by all facilities down, by 2035 - 75% of the built environment in the US will be either new or renovated We must act now Source: AIA-Architects and Climate Change © 2008 NIBS

Construction is Out of Control BIM is not going to solve the problem but Construction is Out of Control BIM is not going to solve the problem but information will help measure and monitor. “Information transparency yields self correcting behavior” - Admiral Allen, USCG © 2008 NIBS

Agricultural Success Story Population of US 1948 147 million 1999 263 million (Now 350 Agricultural Success Story Population of US 1948 147 million 1999 263 million (Now 350 M) Acres needed to feed population at constant rate of productivity US Land Area 2. 3 B Acres 1948 1. 6 billion 1999 12. 4 billion © 2008 NIBS

The Solution © 2008 NIBS The Solution © 2008 NIBS

Building Information Modeling • Owner and Occupant – Be able to walk into an Building Information Modeling • Owner and Occupant – Be able to walk into an electronic model and know what they are getting – Be able to glean more information from the Model than from the facility itself • Designer and Contractor – Be able to simulate and visualize – Be able to identify problems before they are physical • Asset Manager – Be able to visually identify issues and focus on true problems – Be able to continuously commission and determine performance – Get top dollar for re-sale by validating performance © 2008 NIBS

Information is the Foundation – the Infrastructure Virtual Design and Construction Lean Construction High Information is the Foundation – the Infrastructure Virtual Design and Construction Lean Construction High Performance Buildings Building Green Integrated Project Delivery Code Compliance Checking Real Property Asset Management Sustainability Preventative Maintenance Energy Conservation Environmental Stewardship Value Engineering Life Cycle Costing Building Information Model The information foundation for all activities © 2008 NIBS

Must Improve Confidence in Information 1. Metadata – Who, What, When 2. Information Assurance Must Improve Confidence in Information 1. Metadata – Who, What, When 2. Information Assurance – Memory - Object – Physical 3. Server Based © 2008 NIBS

Standard: NBIMS V 1 P 1 • Delivered Dec 27, 2007 • International Core Standard: NBIMS V 1 P 1 • Delivered Dec 27, 2007 • International Core • National Specific – Omni. Class • Information Exchange Concepts • Standard Development Process • Information Assurance • Capability Maturity Model • References and Appendices • Over 30 contributors 200, 000+ Downloads © 2008 NIBS

What is a Building Information Model? National BIM Standard Definition of BIM – A What is a Building Information Model? National BIM Standard Definition of BIM – A Building Information Model (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. As such it serves as a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle from inception onward. – A basic premise of BIM is collaboration by different stakeholders at different phases of the life cycle of a facility to insert, extract, update or modify information in the BIM process to support and reflect the roles of that stakeholder. The BIM is a shared digital representation founded on open standards for interoperability. © 2008 NIBS

Support All Major Stakeholders in Facility Lifecycle External Design & Facilities Owner Construction Planning Support All Major Stakeholders in Facility Lifecycle External Design & Facilities Owner Construction Planning Design Construction Operations Sustainment BOD CEO CFO CIO Legal Conts Personnel Occupant Space Mgr Portfolio Graphics Comm. Security Network Fac Mgr MSDS Mgr Owners Rep Hand Off Team Ops Eng Geospatial Environ Planner Civil Architect Engineers Contractor Subs Banker Realtor Appraiser Risk / Ins Special Sup Manuf. Inspector Maint. Ctr. Remodel Responders Photo courtesy of Dennis R. Shelden, Ph. D. , Chief Technology Officer, Gehry Technologies. The picture is of the Disney Conference Hall, designed by Frank Gehry. © 2008 NIBS

The Strategy © 2008 NIBS The Strategy © 2008 NIBS

Implementation Strategy • Owner – Make informed decisions • Designer – Know that you Implementation Strategy • Owner – Make informed decisions • Designer – Know that you are part of a Designer large team • Contractor – Tell subs if they don’t model Contractor they install last • Operations – Continuously commission to Operations ensure performance • Sustainment – Use lifecycle cost model Sustainment and MTBF for maintenance © 2008 NIBS

New Book Building Information Modeling A Strategic Implementation Guide For Architects, Engineers, Constructors and New Book Building Information Modeling A Strategic Implementation Guide For Architects, Engineers, Constructors and Real Estate Asset Managers By Dana K. Smith and Michael Tardif Can be pre-ordered on Amazon – April release • • • Written for the decision maker Understand the important issues for success Explores the reasons for and possibilities of BIM Builds the business case for BIM Building. SMART and NBIMS based © 2008 NIBS

Lucas Films - School of Cinematic Art’s at USC The donor’s vision for the Lucas Films - School of Cinematic Art’s at USC The donor’s vision for the building: • Architectural function and aesthetics are the highest priority. • The building should exist for the next 100 years. • All design should be coordinated through the use of a “ 3 D” model. • At completion, USC will have a fully integrated BIM model. © 2008 NIBS

Lucas Films - School of Cinematic Art’s at USC • Space Management • Asset Lucas Films - School of Cinematic Art’s at USC • Space Management • Asset Management • Remodeling/Renovation Management • And easy access to all documentation necessary to trace the function and performance of all major systems © 2008 NIBS

Building Virtually First – True As-Built Courtesy Benjamin D. Hall Interdisciplinary Research Building © Building Virtually First – True As-Built Courtesy Benjamin D. Hall Interdisciplinary Research Building © 2008 NIBS

Today’s Job Site Coordination © 2008 NIBS Today’s Job Site Coordination © 2008 NIBS

Tipping Point Prediction Revolution Di sr up tio n Evolution Time is of the Tipping Point Prediction Revolution Di sr up tio n Evolution Time is of the essence © 2008 NIBS

Mc. Graw-Hill Metrics • • • Strategic Advantage in a Challenging Economy Owners’ Lifecycle Mc. Graw-Hill Metrics • • • Strategic Advantage in a Challenging Economy Owners’ Lifecycle Focus Enhanced by BIM Relationship Between Expertise and Positive Experience Those who tracked ROI exceed expectations BIM-Driven Prefabrication on the Horizon 2009 Will Be the “Year of the Contractor” in BIM Discipline-Specific Evolution Path Federation of Silos of Excellence Faith-Based BIM Adoption © 2008 NIBS

The More Experience the Better You Like It © 2008 NIBS The More Experience the Better You Like It © 2008 NIBS

Perceived ROI • Perceived ROI is greater for firms that measure ROI – © Perceived ROI • Perceived ROI is greater for firms that measure ROI – © 2008 NIBS

Perceived ROI • Perceived ROI is greater for firms that measure ROI – 1/3 Perceived ROI • Perceived ROI is greater for firms that measure ROI – 1/3 of trackers report ROI > 100% – © 2008 NIBS

Business Case - Significant Returns On Investment Manual = 15 mo. (est. ) Actual Business Case - Significant Returns On Investment Manual = 15 mo. (est. ) Actual = 7 mo. ROI - 10. 5 © 2008 NIBS

The Alliance © 2008 NIBS The Alliance © 2008 NIBS

The Alliance Vision • A global environment where all participants can readily and transparently The Alliance Vision • A global environment where all participants can readily and transparently share, apply and maintain information about facilities and infrastructure to enhance quality and economy of design, construction, operation and maintenance Mission • Improve all aspects of the facility and infrastructure lifecycle by promoting collaboration, technology, integrated practices, and open standards © 2008 NIBS

Overview and Highlights 2008 • • • Alliance began July 2007 ~ 18 months Overview and Highlights 2008 • • • Alliance began July 2007 ~ 18 months ago September 2008 – FIC and IAI-NA sun set 2008 membership from 55 to over 500 19 Sponsors – 1 Silver and 1 Bronze NCS and NBIMS part of Alliance Permanent Board of Direction seated Dec 08 MOA between Cost Engineering Groups Two major conferences – April and December 20 Colleges and Universities involved in December Conference Alliance presented at over 50 conferences Two issues of JBIM – 70, 000 hard copy and 30, 000 downloads Sponsored landmark Mc. Graw-Hill Smart Market Report on BIM © 2008 NIBS

Why Join the Alliance? • • • Participate in projects defining the industry future Why Join the Alliance? • • • Participate in projects defining the industry future Leverage your BIM implementation cost Reduce risk and time for implementation Learn from others successes and failures Obtain the latest practice information Attain a greater understanding of BIM Understand what is possible and what is not Don’t re-invent the wheel Identify others using BIM Lead don’t follow © M. A. Mortenson Company © 2008 NIBS

building. SMART alliance Benefits • Over 50 active open standards projects – – NBIMS building. SMART alliance Benefits • Over 50 active open standards projects – – NBIMS Development AECOO Testbed (Cost & Energy) Education baseline and projects International (ifc, IDM, MVD, IFD) • Products are free based on Sponsorships • Sponsors $25 K and above become International Members • Speakers Bureau • Conferences • Workshops • Local Interest Groups • Magazine • Web Site © 2008 NIBS

The Alliance Members Silver International Sponsor • Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc. Bronze International The Alliance Members Silver International Sponsor • Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, Inc. Bronze International Sponsor • Autodesk • U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Alliance Sponsors • • • • • AIA AISC Associated General Contractors of America Bentley Systems, Inc. Broaddus & Associates, Inc. The Construction Specifications Institute Department of Veterans Affairs EMCOR Group, Inc. FM Global General Services Administration International Code Council Jaros, Baum & Bolles Mc. Graw-Hill Construction Nemetschek North America SMACNA U. S. Coast Guard Webcor Builders Corporate Members • • • • • • • 1 st Pricing Accela, Inc. American Society of Professional Estimators Apollo Street Metal, Inc. ASHRAE Biagi, Chance, Cummins, London, Titzer, Inc. Building Systems Design, Inc. Burt, Hill Charles Pankow Foundation ESRI Gehry Technologies Hammel, Green and Abrahamson, Inc. HKS Architects IAPMO NATEX Architects New York City Transit Newforma, Inc. Océ Reprographic Technologies, Inc. Peripheral Systems, Inc. Sage Software Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP University of Wisconsin, Madison Virginia Department of Housing & Community Development Virtual Building Logistics, LLC William H. Gordon Associates, Inc. Wisconsin Department of Administration, Division of State Facilities • Woolpert, Inc. Individual Members Plus Over 300 individuals © 2008 NIBS

The New Web Site © 2008 NIBS The New Web Site © 2008 NIBS

Questions? Deke Smith dsmith@nibs. org (202) 289 -7800 © 2008 NIBS Questions? Deke Smith [email protected] org (202) 289 -7800 © 2008 NIBS

Thank You Deke Smith dsmith@nibs. org (202) 289 -7800 © 2008 NIBS Thank You Deke Smith [email protected] org (202) 289 -7800 © 2008 NIBS

Copyright Materials This presentation is protected by US and International Copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, Copyright Materials This presentation is protected by US and International Copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited. Copyright 2008© AEC Infosystems, Inc | Onuma, Inc. Crate & Barrel | building. SMART alliance National Institute of Building Sciences Mc. Graw-Hill Construction Faithful & Gould | Reed Construction Data Urban Design Group Gehry Technologies | Jacobs Engineering | Mortenson Dale Davis, Associate AIA and LEED, Jtec HCM, Inc Wiley , 4 Site Press Cannot be used for any other purposes unless authorized by creator © 2008 NIBS