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Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 9: Hebrew Pronominal Suffixes Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 9: Hebrew Pronominal Suffixes

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction BBI Hebrew Grammar I A difficult lesson!! Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction BBI Hebrew Grammar I A difficult lesson!! • Lots of stuff to memorize • But, important since pronominal suffixes are common Don’t give up here!!! • Chapter 10: Construct (not too difficult) • Chapter 11: Numbers (not too difficult) • Chapter 12 -35: Verbs o One chart with 42 elements o One chart with 7 elements o One process with 6 steps

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) BBI Hebrew Grammar I

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) BBI Hebrew Grammar I Some terminology Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) BBI Hebrew Grammar I Some terminology and abbreviations • Pronominal – Relating to a pronoun • Suffix – A form that is attached to the end of a word • So, in non-technical jargon, a pronominal suffix is just a pronoun attached to the end of a word • 3 fsx = third (3) feminine (f) singular (s) suffix (x). Likewise, 1 csx = first (1) common (c) singlur (s) suffix (x) • Chapter 8: Subjective pronouns (pronouns used as subjects) – He, she, it, they, we • Chapter 9: Objective pronouns (pronouns used as objects) – him, her, it, them, us and possessive pronouns – his, her, its, their, our

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) Usage of pronouns BBI Hebrew Grammar Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 1 – Introduction (continued) Usage of pronouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I ~yxiÞa; Wnx. n: ± – We are brothers y. TiÞai to prepositions or the DDOM • Objective – Attached a] ~t, îab' – and come with me At=ao ar"äB' – God created him W ~yhiÞl{a/ to nouns • Possessive – Attached With AnðB. – like [the] name [of] his son Object ~veÞK. • Subjective – Independent (cf. ch. 8)

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 2 – The Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Important Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 2 – The Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Important to learn charts on pages 81 & 82 • First, learn type 1 endings as yod, kaph, vav, he (key consonants) then nu, kem, ken, hem, hen (sounds) • Second, note type 2 = type 1 + yod with vowel • Third, learn alternate type 3 endings as ni, hu, ha, ahm, ahn (sounds) • Fourth, recognize the interplay of study and experience here.

Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Section 9. 3 – Notes on the Pronominal Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Section 9. 3 – Notes on the Pronominal Suffixes Type 1 suffixes are used with singular nouns, and type 2 suffixes are used with plural nouns. my law do violence to (hamas) Her priests ytir"At Wsåm. x' h'yn<÷h]Ko Note the type 1 suffix y i on the singular noun Note the type 2 suffix h'y <ñ on the plural noun hr'w. Ot. We’ll learn shortly the h ending I ~yn. Ih]Ko. We’ll shortly that the ~y on feminine masculine plural nouns is dropped when the ending onsingular nouns is replaced with t when the suffix is added. (Actually, we’ll learn next chapter a better way to understand this).

Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Section 9. 3 – Notes (continued) Type 1 Pronominal Suffixes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Section 9. 3 – Notes (continued) Type 1 suffixes are used with singular nouns, and type 2 suffixes are used with plural nouns. into your hand their kings And he gave ^d<êy"B. ‘~h, ykel. m; !t: Ün"w> Note the type 2 suffix ~h, y e on the plural noun ~ykil'm. . 1 We’ll learn shortly that the ~ydy". I Note the type suffix ^ on the singular noun ending on masculine plural nouns is dropped when the suffix is added. (Actually, we’ll learn next chapter a better way to understand this).

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 4 -9. 5 – Masculine Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 4 -9. 5 – Masculine Nouns Note how each of the suffixes attach to the singular and plural forms of s. Ws. • Don’t be confused: Singular nouns can take plural suffixes and plural nouns can take singular suffixes! ---- Pronoun -------Noun Singular Singula My book r Plural My books Plural Our books • When adding suffix to plural masculine nouns, drop the ~y iending first (cf. construct state)

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 6 -9. 7 – Feminine Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 6 -9. 7 – Feminine Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I Note how each of the suffixes attach to the singular and plural forms of hr'w. Ot. • When adding suffix to singular feminine nouns, the h at the end is replaced by a t (cf. construct state) • When adding suffix to plural feminine nouns, the tw. O ending is NOT dropped (cf. construct state) • Before you give up, don’t forget the interplay between study and experience!

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 8 – Vowel Changes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Many nouns Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 8 – Vowel Changes BBI Hebrew Grammar I Many nouns will undergo vowel changes when pronominal suffixes are added

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 9 – Monosyllabic Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I • Usually, Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 9 – Monosyllabic Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I • Usually, yod then suffix indicates plural noun • Some common one-syllable words use yod with singular nouns as well ^yx, Þa; w> ^ybiîa' “Your father and your brothers” (Gen 47: 5) • Notice the singular always has hireq yod

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 10 -9. 11 – Prepositions BBI Hebrew Grammar I Remember, Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 10 -9. 11 – Prepositions BBI Hebrew Grammar I Remember, noun + pronominal suffix was possessive. Preposition + pronominal suffix will be objective. Some prepositions take type 1 suffixes, others take type 2. This has nothing to do with whether the preposition is “singular” or “plural. ” Prepositions have no number associated with them (of course, the object can be singular or plural).

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 12 -9. 13 – K. and !mi BBI Hebrew Grammar Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 12 -9. 13 – K. and !mi BBI Hebrew Grammar I From 2 mp and down these prepositions present no problems. From 1 cp and up, you’ll need to remember the forms w. OmñK' and M, ñmi, along with your type 1 alternate endings. The 3 ms form of !mi is unique and not as expected, but note that it occurs approximately 150 times.

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 14 – tae and the DDOM Remember the trick: BBI Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 14 – tae and the DDOM Remember the trick: BBI Hebrew Grammar I With Object But, note the seghol in the second person plural instances of the DDOM. “With” always has a hireq, and this is also helpful for remembering “with” (~[i, § 9. 15), for it also always has a hireq.

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 16 – Summary BBI Hebrew Grammar I • Know when Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 16 – Summary BBI Hebrew Grammar I • Know when a personal pronoun is functioning subjective, objectively, or possessively. • Know all type 1, type 2, and alternate type 1 pronominal suffixes (see page 93).

Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 17 - Vocabulary BBI Hebrew Grammar I • @a; – Pronominal Suffixes Section 9. 17 - Vocabulary BBI Hebrew Grammar I • @a; – Laugh so hard milk comes out your nose • rq, Boñ – bw. Oj rq, Boñ “Good morning” • hk'r'B. – Berachah Bible Church! • vy. E – Yesh, there is • dw. Ob. K' – Ichabod = “Where is the glory” • yli. K. – Clean the utensils • ~x, l, ñ – Bethlehem = “house of bread”

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Reminder • After chapter 8, you know 58% of all BBI Hebrew Grammar I Reminder • After chapter 8, you know 58% of all OT words • After chapter 9, you will know 61% of all OT words • Don’t forget to be doing journal (turn in @ end) • Vocabulary and Grammar Quiz this week. • Don’t give up!

tyr." src="https://present5.com/presentation/3a02feefa413f1b311b8ba54db0c88e1/image-19.jpg" alt="BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #1 Wnyteêboa]-~[i ‘tr: K' rv<Üa] hw"+hy> tyr." /> BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #1 Wnyteêboa]-~[i ‘tr: K' rv<Üa] hw"+hy> tyr. IåB. with our fathers He made Egypt which Yahweh [the] covenant [of] from [the] land [of] )( them ~y. Ir")c. mi #r

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #2 And when he had finished speaking… BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #2 And when he had finished speaking… h. L, ae_h' ~yr. Ißb'D>h; l. K' taeî ~h, (y. Tex. T; rv<ïa] hm'Þd"a]h' [q: ïB'Tiw: these under them which the words The ground all [DDOM] Split (Beka valley) Numbers 16: 31

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #3 his heart all [DDOM] to me BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #3 his heart all [DDOM] to me He told AB=li-l. K'-ta, yliÞ dy. GIïhi Judges 16: 18

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #4 Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back… BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #4 Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back… her gods and to her people to h'yh, _l{a/-la, w> HM'Þ[; -la, Judges 16: 18

BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #5 Be careful to do… ‘^W>ci rv<Üa] BBI Hebrew Grammar I Pronominal Suffixes Example #5 Be careful to do… ‘^W>ci rv<Üa] hr"ªATh; -lk'K. r. WsïT'-la; commanded you which not turn aside according to all the law my servant Moses lwamo+f. W y. DIêb. [; hv, ämo !ymiäy" or (lit. , and) [to the] left [to the] right from it Joshua 1: 7