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Be a Critical Researcher Evaluating the Reliability & Validity of Websites Introduction Be a Critical Researcher Evaluating the Reliability & Validity of Websites Introduction

Introduction • The Internet is one of the first places we turn to when Introduction • The Internet is one of the first places we turn to when we need to do research. • Unfortunately the Internet also has a lot of misinformation out there. • It is your job to become a Critical Researcher. • You must ask specific questions to determine if a website is valid and reliable. Let’s Begin! The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

The 5 W’s for Website Evaluation * Click on a criteria to learn more The 5 W’s for Website Evaluation * Click on a criteria to learn more Ask Yourself: • Who • What • Where • When • Why The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Who (Authority) • Who is the author of the website? – Is the author Who (Authority) • Who is the author of the website? – Is the author clearly stated? – Is it a group, an organization, or an individual? • Is the author an expert in this field? • Is there a link to contact the author? • Is there a link for additional information about the author? The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

What (Objectivity) • What is the purpose of the site? Why was it created? What (Objectivity) • What is the purpose of the site? Why was it created? – – – To entertain To inform or give facts To persuade, sell, promote or entice To share A Combination of the above • Have more than one purpose, such as entertaining you while trying to sell you something or convince you to believe in something? • Is the author being objective or biased? • Does the author present the information as fact or opinion? The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Where (Accuracy) • Where does the information come from? • Are the sources of Where (Accuracy) • Where does the information come from? • Are the sources of information reputable? • Does the author include links to related websites? – Do the links work? • What are the sources of information for the site? – Does the site have a bibliography or list of references? The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

When (Currency of Info) • When was the website created? • Is there a When (Currency of Info) • When was the website created? • Is there a date that tells the last update or revision? • Is the information up-to-date? • Does it matter to you whether this information is outdated or not? Why or Why not? The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Why (Coverage) • Does the website provide valuable information? • Can you verify this Why (Coverage) • Does the website provide valuable information? • Can you verify this information from another trustworthy source? • Is the site relevant to your needs? • Whom is the site intended for? • Is the information appropriate for your age group? • Is the vocabulary appropriate for your reading level? • Does the site have a quality look and feel? The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example Websites of… • • • * Click on an example to see the Example Websites of… • • • * Click on an example to see the website Who – Example 1 / Example 2 What - Example 1 / Example 2 Where - Example 1 / Example 2 When - Example 1 / Example 2 Why - Example 1 / Example 2 Use the Criteria for Website Evaluation to determine if the example websites are good or bad examples of Reliable and Valid websites. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Explanation of Example Websites * Click on an example to read the explanation • Explanation of Example Websites * Click on an example to read the explanation • • • Who – Example 1 / Example 2 What - Example 1 / Example 2 Where - Example 1 / Example 2 When - Example 1 / Example 2 Why - Example 1 / Example 2 Read the explanation for each example to know if your evaluation of each website was correct or not. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 1 (Who - Authority) Click the image to go to the website http: Example 1 (Who - Authority) Click the image to go to the website http: //www. nineplanets. org/ The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 2 (Who - Authority) http: //solarsystem. nasa. gov/index. cfm The 5 W’s Examples Example 2 (Who - Authority) http: //solarsystem. nasa. gov/index. cfm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Click the image to go to the website Quiz Summary Works Cited

Who -Authority Example 1 - Explanation • The Nine 8 Planets • http: //www. Who -Authority Example 1 - Explanation • The Nine 8 Planets • http: //www. nineplanets. org/ • This site seems to have a lot of information on the planets. Most of the site seems to be accurate and current. However when you investigate the author a little more you realize that the author is a software engineer. The author is clearly not an expert on the subject of the solar system. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Who -Authority Example 2 - Explanation • The Solar System Exploration • http: //solarsystem. Who -Authority Example 2 - Explanation • The Solar System Exploration • http: //solarsystem. nasa. gov/index. cfm • This site comes directly from NASA, which is a credible source. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 1 (What - Objectivity) Click the image to go to the website http: Example 1 (What - Objectivity) Click the image to go to the website http: //www. dhmo. org/ The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 2 (What - Objectivity) Click the image to go to the website http: Example 2 (What - Objectivity) Click the image to go to the website http: //www. neutrogena. com/home. asp The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

What - Objectivity Example 1 - Explanation • Dihydrogen Monoxide • http: //www. dhmo. What - Objectivity Example 1 - Explanation • Dihydrogen Monoxide • http: //www. dhmo. org/ • Literally, the term "dihydrogen monoxide" means "two hydrogen, one oxygen", consistent with its molecular formula: the prefix di- in dihydrogen means "two", the prefix mono- in monoxide means "one", and an oxide is a compound that contains one or more oxygen atoms. • The dihydrogen monoxide hoax involves listing negative effects of water under an unfamiliar scientific name, then asking individuals to help control the seemingly dangerous substance. The hoax is designed to illustrate how the lack of scientific knowledge and an exaggerated analysis can lead to misplaced fears. Dihydrogen monoxide, shortened to DHMO, is a scientific name for water that, while technically correct, is almost never employed. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

What - Objectivity Example 2 - Explanation • Neutrogena Skin Care • http: //www. What - Objectivity Example 2 - Explanation • Neutrogena Skin Care • http: //www. neutrogena. com/home. asp • This site is trying to persuade us to purchase Neutrogena products by telling us we will have “Smoother skin today. Younger-looking skin tomorrow. ” The site states that it’s products are Dermatologist Recommended, does this mean all dermatologist recommend Neutrogena and we shouldn’t use any other products? No, all dermatologist do not recommend this product. This site is just trying to sell us a product and the site is not objective. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 1 (Where - Accuracy ) Click the image to go to the website Example 1 (Where - Accuracy ) Click the image to go to the website http: //147. 129. 226. 1/library/research/AIDSFACTS. htm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 2 (Where - Accuracy ) Click the image to go to the website Example 2 (Where - Accuracy ) Click the image to go to the website http: //www. cdc. gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/index. htm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Where - Accuracy Example 1 - Explanation • The True but little known Facts Where - Accuracy Example 1 - Explanation • The True but little known Facts about Women with AIDS, with documentation • http: //147. 129. 226. 1/library/research/AIDSFACTS. htm • At first glance, it is easy to believe the information on this site has a high level of reliability and accuracy because, after all, it is sponsored by an academic institution. However, upon closer inspection, it becomes very clear that this site is nothing but a hoax and the information included is fictional. The author of the web site actually states that the site is a hoax. An uninformed viewer and a non-critical thinker, however, could easily be persuaded to believe the information included on this web site. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Where - Accuracy Example 2 - Explanation • HIV/AIDS Fact Sheets • http: //www. Where - Accuracy Example 2 - Explanation • HIV/AIDS Fact Sheets • http: //www. cdc. gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/index. htm • While it isn't clearly stated most of the information provided is based on reports, surveys, studies, and research done by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Since the web site’s purpose is to convey information about HIV/AIDS to a general audience, the research method isn't easily assessable. Many of the Fact Sheets do make general reference to how the stats were gathered or which report the information was taken. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 1 (When - Click the image to go to the website Currency of Example 1 (When - Click the image to go to the website Currency of Info) Snap Shot retrieved Dec. 3, 2009 http: //42 explore. com/volcano. htm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 2 (When - Click the image to go to the website The 5 Example 2 (When - Click the image to go to the website The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Currency of Info) Snap Shot retrieved Dec. 3, 2009 http: //volcanoes. usgs. gov/ Quiz Summary Works Cited

When - Currency of Info Example 1 - Explanation • Volcanoes • http: //42 When - Currency of Info Example 1 - Explanation • Volcanoes • http: //42 explore. com/volcano. htm • This site has not been updated since August of 2001. Some of their links are broken and outdated. I would stay away from this site and try to find a more current site for my volcano research. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

When - Currency of Info Example 2 - Explanation • Volcano Hazards Program • When - Currency of Info Example 2 - Explanation • Volcano Hazards Program • http: //volcanoes. usgs. gov/ • This site from the USGS is current and up-to-date. It has the latest news on the happenings of the volcanoes from around the US. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 1 (Why - Coverage ) Click the image to go to the website Example 1 (Why - Coverage ) Click the image to go to the website http: //www. kidshealth. org/kid/grow/drugs_alcohol/know_drugs. html The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Example 2 (Why - Coverage ) http: //www. brainsource. com/brain_on_drugs. htm The 5 W’s Example 2 (Why - Coverage ) http: //www. brainsource. com/brain_on_drugs. htm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Click the image to go to the website Quiz Summary Works Cited

Why - Coverage Example 1 - Explanation • What You Need To Know About Why - Coverage Example 1 - Explanation • What You Need To Know About Drugs • http: //www. kidshealth. org/kid/grow/drugs _alcohol/know_drugs. html • A kid-friendly website discussing drugs and their side effects. The content is age appropriate and the vocabulary is age appropriate. The site has activities for the kids to do. There are specific links for kids and teens relating to feelings, how to deal with peer pressure, how to stay healthy, etc. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Why - Coverage Example 2 - Explanation • Brain on Drugs • http: //www. Why - Coverage Example 2 - Explanation • Brain on Drugs • http: //www. brainsource. com/brain_on_drugs. htm • The main website is about the Brain. It has a link to some information on the effects drugs have on the brain. The website is not bad; it does give good information about the effects drugs have on the brain. However if you are looking for a more comprehensive website dealing with Kids and Drugs you would need to find other websites to gather that information. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Summary • Be careful while searching the Internet. • Use the Criteria & Questions Summary • Be careful while searching the Internet. • Use the Criteria & Questions you learned to help you determine if a site is valid and reliable. – – – Who created the site? What – Is the purpose of the site clear? Where – Is the information accurate? When – Is the information current? Why – Is the information useful? • Make sure you can find most of the criteria in the websites you use for your research. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Works Cited • • • http: //www. nova. edu/library/dils/lessons/webresourcesevaluation/ http: //www. lib. purdue. edu/ugrl/staff/sharkey/interneteval/ Works Cited • • • http: //www. nova. edu/library/dils/lessons/webresourcesevaluation/ http: //www. lib. purdue. edu/ugrl/staff/sharkey/interneteval/ http: //www. lib. purdue. edu/ugrl/inst/evaluatingsources. pdf http: //lib. nmsu. edu/instruction/evalcrit. html http: //www. dianelauer. com/fivewww/webeval. html http: //muse. widener. edu/~tltr/How_to_Evaluate_9. htm The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Quiz: Question 1 Which criteria will help you determine if the website is presented Quiz: Question 1 Which criteria will help you determine if the website is presented as fact or opinion? A Currency of Info B Accuracy C Objectivity D Authority The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Quiz: Question 2 The criteria of Authority will help you determine if the author Quiz: Question 2 The criteria of Authority will help you determine if the author is an expert in their field. True The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples False Quiz Summary Works Cited

Sorry! That is incorrect • Click HERE to review which criteria will help you Sorry! That is incorrect • Click HERE to review which criteria will help you determine if a website is presented as fact or opinion. The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Sorry! The statement is False Back to Question The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Sorry! The statement is False Back to Question The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Correct! Next Question The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited Correct! Next Question The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Correct! End Quiz The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited Correct! End Quiz The 5 W’s Examples Explanation of Examples Quiz Summary Works Cited

Congratulations! You are a Critical Researcher! Introduction Congratulations! You are a Critical Researcher! Introduction