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BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 1: S + Vi EX: Spring has come. S BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 1: S + Vi EX: Spring has come. S Vi

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 2: S + Vl + SC EX: She is BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 2: S + Vl + SC EX: She is my old teacher. S Vl SC

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 3: S + Vt + O EX: Her secret BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 3: S + Vt + O EX: Her secret may destroy a life. S Vt O

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 4: S + Vt + IO + DO S BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 4: S + Vt + IO + DO S + Vt + DO + To/For + IO EX 1: My mother makes me some coffee. S Vt IO DO

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS EX 2: My mother makes some coffee for me. S Vt BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS EX 2: My mother makes some coffee for me. S Vt DO IO Note: Verbs used with “To /For” before Indirect Object. With “To”: bring, give, hand, leave, lend, offer, pass= hand, pay, play, promise, sell, send, show, sing, take, tell.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS EX: I showed Bill the map. I showed the map to BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS EX: I showed Bill the map. I showed the map to Bill. With “For”: book, build, buy, cook (bake, boil, fry), fetch, find, get, keep, knit, leave, make, order, reserve. EX: I’ll get you a drink. I’ll get a drink for you.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 5: S + Vt + OC EX: He usually BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Pattern 5: S + Vt + OC EX: He usually calls me Jon. S Vt O OC

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Forms of the sentence elements (in italics): - Subject (S): BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS n Forms of the sentence elements (in italics): - Subject (S): + Everything/Tom is ready. + To learn English well is not easy. + Walking in the rain is sometimes a romance.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS + What he has just invented is important to astronomy study. BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS + What he has just invented is important to astronomy study. - Verb (V): including 12 tenses and Modals. - Subject Complement (SC): + They are specialists in computer. + Those shoes are hers. + They are fond of Sea Games.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS + Tom was there yesterday. + The old man is out BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS + Tom was there yesterday. + The old man is out of breath. + To see is to believe. + His hobby is collecting stamps. + The trip was very fascinating / The film Titanic is well-known. + The question is whether he is able to make a good start.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Object (O): + The lion has just killed the deer. BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Object (O): + The lion has just killed the deer. + He decided to redecorate his room. + She doesn’t mind helping her sister. + We hope that everything will go on well.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Object Complement (OC): + We selected him president. + The BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Object Complement (OC): + We selected him president. + The fall turns leaves yellow. + He forced his son to study abroad. + The match makes the fans excited. + My parents have made me what I am today.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Modifier (M): + It is an unexplainable phenomenon. + They BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Modifier (M): + It is an unexplainable phenomenon. + They are poor simply because they are addicted to gambling. + There’s a lot of work to do. + Sleeping bags are necessary for campers. + This is a polluted area.

BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Modifier (M): (cont. ) + I saw many people at BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS - Modifier (M): (cont. ) + I saw many people at work when I was there. + Compass is a tool that can show your directions. + Whatever he tells you, don’t trust him.