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Baccalaureate Enrollment Growth and Capacity CC Baccalaureate Association March 2005 Elise Erickson, Bellevue Community Baccalaureate Enrollment Growth and Capacity CC Baccalaureate Association March 2005 Elise Erickson, Bellevue Community College Jean Floten, Bellevue Community College Jan Yoshiwara, Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges 1

Agenda w Study purpose and design w Baccalaureate demand to 2010: maintenance level and Agenda w Study purpose and design w Baccalaureate demand to 2010: maintenance level and policy increases w Plans to meet demand w Features of options: location, cost, students served w Conclusions from survey and college interviews w Features of delivery options explored w Next steps 2

Universities and CTCs Share Baccalaureate Mission w Shared mission w CTCs are start for Universities and CTCs Share Baccalaureate Mission w Shared mission w CTCs are start for more than 40% of graduates w Public universities award 3 out of 4 bachelor’s degrees w Public higher education primary providers 3

Baccalaureate Capacity Study w How much to 2010 w Key options or combination of Baccalaureate Capacity Study w How much to 2010 w Key options or combination of w Where needed options by region w What fields w Work with public w What options universities on w Cost to state enrollment w Cost to students planning model 4

Basis of Joint Forecast w Maintains market share by sector, including private universities w Basis of Joint Forecast w Maintains market share by sector, including private universities w Keeps pace with population growth w Addresses existing access gaps – regions and types of students currently underserved 5

FTE Demand by Type to 2010 w Population driven n Maintain opportunity as population FTE Demand by Type to 2010 w Population driven n Maintain opportunity as population grows w Policy driven n n Pathways for technical associate degree grads Low regional access w ¾ of demand at junior/senior level w Consistent with OFM, HECB Master Plan 6

If CTC and University Plans are Funded Enrollment and Demand Match to 2010 w If CTC and University Plans are Funded Enrollment and Demand Match to 2010 w Meets 78% of demand Low Access Demand - Southwest, Snohomish - Technical degree pathways 7

Pathways Considered to Meet Demand w Public baccalaureate institutions w University branch campuses w Pathways Considered to Meet Demand w Public baccalaureate institutions w University branch campuses w Collocated university centers w CTC bachelor’s degrees 8

Pathways Considered to Meet Demand w Public baccalaureate institutions w University branch campuses w Pathways Considered to Meet Demand w Public baccalaureate institutions w University branch campuses w Collocated university centers w CTC bachelor’s degrees 9

Location Matters w Regional differences in access w 60% of university freshmen attend outside Location Matters w Regional differences in access w 60% of university freshmen attend outside home region w 60% of CTC transfers attend university close to home 10

Pathways Serve Different Students Broader spectrum of population served through transfer pathway n n Pathways Serve Different Students Broader spectrum of population served through transfer pathway n n n Two-thirds of transfer students first in families to go to earn bachelors degrees More African American, Native American and Latino students use transfer path More older students use transfer, especially at University Centers and University branch campuses 11

Fiscal Considerations for Baccalaureate Pathways w Comparison based on recent legislative appropriations for growth Fiscal Considerations for Baccalaureate Pathways w Comparison based on recent legislative appropriations for growth FTEs w Current pathways: n n $20, 100 to $24, 000 over four years Range is narrow except for branch campuses w Examining costs for new pathways n n n Four year branch campuses University centers CTC bachelors degrees 12

Costs Vary More Widely for Students w Used 2005 tuition rates* w Wider range Costs Vary More Widely for Students w Used 2005 tuition rates* w Wider range in cost to students: n n $10, 900 – CTC transfer to regional university $18, 100 – 4 years at research university w Diversity of choices useful from affordability perspective * Operating fee only 13

What Other Colleges Discovered 14 What Other Colleges Discovered 14

Critical Shortage of BA Opportunity w Programs don’t exist to meet business needs w Critical Shortage of BA Opportunity w Programs don’t exist to meet business needs w Students can’t move to where the colleges are w Existing colleges don’t have program capacity 15

Fulfilling the Community College Mission w Focus on community needs w Workforce preparation w Fulfilling the Community College Mission w Focus on community needs w Workforce preparation w Emphasis on teaching w Open door policy w A. A. is basis of program w Address needs not met by universities 16

How Colleges Chose Their B. A. Programs w Already offer a strong 2 year How Colleges Chose Their B. A. Programs w Already offer a strong 2 year program w Qualified faculty for upper division courses w Program is in high demand w Education, nursing, business, IT management 17

Other Issues w Partnerships with universities didn’t work w Maintain focus on workforce programs Other Issues w Partnerships with universities didn’t work w Maintain focus on workforce programs w Degrees are accepted by all 18

Faculty Considerations w Terminal degree faculty for program w Focus is on students/teaching w Faculty Considerations w Terminal degree faculty for program w Focus is on students/teaching w Technical faculty can cost more w Educational stipends level the field 19

It’s Worth the Price w Tuition set by Higher Education Board w Financial challenges It’s Worth the Price w Tuition set by Higher Education Board w Financial challenges w Emotional challenges 20

Public Baccalaureate Institutions w Well established infrastructure, programs, services, faculty expertise w Comprehensive offerings Public Baccalaureate Institutions w Well established infrastructure, programs, services, faculty expertise w Comprehensive offerings w Address sustained demand w Strength is serving traditional, mobile, young adults 21

University Branch Campuses w Located in regions with high population growth and unmet demand University Branch Campuses w Located in regions with high population growth and unmet demand for upper division capacity w Meet sustained, long-term needs of regions w Programs focused on local needs, but limited mix due to small campuses w Higher cost proposed for both upper division and lower division 22

University Centers Collocated on CTC Campuses w Builds on CTC infrastructure; efficient use of University Centers Collocated on CTC Campuses w Builds on CTC infrastructure; efficient use of services, facilities w Programs driven by community needs w Lower cost to students w Serve diversity of the community w Local governance matters w Issues – program mix and stability 23

Community and Technical College Baccalaureate Degrees w Builds on CTC infrastructure, services w Programs Community and Technical College Baccalaureate Degrees w Builds on CTC infrastructure, services w Programs driven by community needs w Lower cost to students w Serve the diversity of the community w Local control w Institutional costs can be managed with regional university funding levels and regional university tuition rates 24

Community and Technical College Baccalaureate Degrees w Accreditation requirements for college role and mission, Community and Technical College Baccalaureate Degrees w Accreditation requirements for college role and mission, faculty credentials, scholarship can be accommodated. Library holdings would have to be expanded. w Issues – CTCs not chartered to offer bachelor’s degrees, substantial start up work required 25

Conclusions w Strong demand for junior access w Meeting the demand requires growth in Conclusions w Strong demand for junior access w Meeting the demand requires growth in all pathways to the baccalaureate w Build on current infrastructure: baccalaureates, branch campuses, university centers, CTCs w More than ¾ of 2010 projected demand met IF enrollment requests are funded 26

Conclusions w Location matters, especially for transfer students w Serving the diversity of students Conclusions w Location matters, especially for transfer students w Serving the diversity of students requires diversity of pathways to the bachelor’s degree w University Centers are an effective way to distribute access across the state w CTCs - CTC bachelors degrees are feasible option 27

Next Steps w Upper division growth for universities, branch campuses w Funding for University Next Steps w Upper division growth for universities, branch campuses w Funding for University Centers w SBCTC and legislative authorization for CTC bachelors degrees w HECB process for university centers and CTC bachelors degrees 28