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Automobiles and Sustainable Mobility FISITA World Congress Eva Molnar, Director, UNECE May 2010 UNECE Automobiles and Sustainable Mobility FISITA World Congress Eva Molnar, Director, UNECE May 2010 UNECE – Transport Division

 Outline • Past and Future Transport Trends • Transport Challenges and UNECE responses Outline • Past and Future Transport Trends • Transport Challenges and UNECE responses • Summary UNECE – Transport Division 2

Past and Future Transport Trends UNECE – Transport Division 3 Past and Future Transport Trends UNECE – Transport Division 3

WHAT COMES NEXT? UNECE – Transport Division 4 WHAT COMES NEXT? UNECE – Transport Division 4

Will there be a new mode of transport, and if so what will it Will there be a new mode of transport, and if so what will it be? Cargo Cap/Cargo Tube - new mode of transport? What kind of • freight and passenger mobility • technology? UNECE – Transport Division 5

Transport Challenges and the UNECE Responses UNECE – Transport Division 6 Transport Challenges and the UNECE Responses UNECE – Transport Division 6

What is UNECE ? • Regional Economic Commission of the UN • 57 countries What is UNECE ? • Regional Economic Commission of the UN • 57 countries • Inland Transport Committee - with Working Parties - with global outreach Director’s Office Eva MOLNAR (Director) 7 people Centre of International Transport Agreements UNECE – Transport Division Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations Section Chief: Juan Ramos Garcia Dangerous Goods and Special Cargoes Section Chief: Olivier Kervella Transport Facilitation and Economics Section Chief: Michalis Adamantiadis Sustainable Transport Section Chief: Martin Magold ECOSOC TDG: ST/SG/AC. 10; Intermodal Transport and ST/SG/AC. 10/C. 3 Inland Transport Committee (ITC) Logistics (WP. 24) ECOSOC GHS: ST/SG/AC. 10/C. 4 Transport Trends and Economic (WP. 5) Inland Waterway Transport World Forum for the Harmonization Euro-Asian Transport Links (EATL) (SC. 3/WP. 3) of Vehicle Working Party on the Transport of Hinterland Connections of Seaports Rail Transport (SC. 2) Regulations (WP. 29) Dangerous Road Transport (SC. 1) and Transport Statistics (WP. 6) Goods (WP. 15) and Road Traffic Safety Transport, Health and Working Parties: GRE, GRB, GRRF, WP. 15/AC. 1, WP. 15/AC. 2 (WP. 1) Environment Pan. GRSP, Customs Questions affecting Transport European Programme GRSG, GRPE Working Party on the Transport of (WP. 30) (THE PEP) Fuel Standards and ITS Perishable TIR Secretariat Foodstuffs (WP. 11) 7 people 8 people 13 people, out of which 5 XB 8 people

The sustainability challenge UNECE – Transport Division 8 The sustainability challenge UNECE – Transport Division 8

Pillars of sustainable transport development Access Affordability Safety Environment UNECE – Transport Division 9 Pillars of sustainable transport development Access Affordability Safety Environment UNECE – Transport Division 9

The climate change challenge UNECE – Transport Division 10 The climate change challenge UNECE – Transport Division 10

Global issues: Climate change • Prioritize • But not without data • Need for Global issues: Climate change • Prioritize • But not without data • Need for specific tools • And what about transport? UNECE – Transport Division 11

The World Forum and a possible strategy for climate change mitigation • International Transport The World Forum and a possible strategy for climate change mitigation • International Transport Forum (2008) • 50 by 50 Initiative ITF-UNEP-FIA • UNECE WP. 29 (2008) - a possible strategy for climate change mitigation : 2015: 30% increase of energy efficiency of all new vehicles with the current combustion engine technology 2020: full introduction into the global market of new environmentally friendly vehicles (e. g. plug-in hybrid electric vehicles hydrogen and fuel-cell vehicles) 2040: full introduction into the global market of electric vehicles UNECE – Transport Division 12

 UNECE Working Parties and the World Forum on Vehicle Regulations UNECE – Transport UNECE Working Parties and the World Forum on Vehicle Regulations UNECE – Transport Division 13

Contracting parties to the 1958 and/or the 1998 « Vehicle » Agreements UNECE – Contracting parties to the 1958 and/or the 1998 « Vehicle » Agreements UNECE – Transport Division 14

Hope for success: Vehicle emissions regulations (cars) UNECE – Transport Division 15 Hope for success: Vehicle emissions regulations (cars) UNECE – Transport Division 15

Climate change and land transport – UNDA project UNECE – Transport Division 16 Climate change and land transport – UNDA project UNECE – Transport Division 16

The road traffic safety challenge UNECE – Transport Division 17 The road traffic safety challenge UNECE – Transport Division 17

The Road Safety Challenge UNECE – Transport Division The Road Safety Challenge UNECE – Transport Division

UNECE - promoter of road safety - 60 years ANNIVERSARY SESSION, 2010 Social Rules UNECE - promoter of road safety - 60 years ANNIVERSARY SESSION, 2010 Social Rules Road Traffic Rules (driving and rest hours) Drivers’ License Vehicles Regulations Insurance (Green Card) Road Signs and Signals Infrastructure (standards and parameters, tunnel safety, all land modes) Statistics Dangerous Goods UNECE – Transport Division 19

UN Conventions on Road Safety Road Signs and Signals, 1949 Road Traffic, 1949 UNECE UN Conventions on Road Safety Road Signs and Signals, 1949 Road Traffic, 1949 UNECE – Transport Division Road Signs and Signals, 1968 Road Traffic, 1968

The ITS Challenge UNECE – Transport Division 21 The ITS Challenge UNECE – Transport Division 21

ITS gap – development gap • ITS for efficiency, safety and environment BUT • ITS gap – development gap • ITS for efficiency, safety and environment BUT • Will ITS reverse or deepen the development gap? UNECE – Transport Division (Km of Motorways per 1000 km 2 ) 22

 ITS is a reality in UNECE work • AETR and the digital tachograph ITS is a reality in UNECE work • AETR and the digital tachograph (UNECE SC. 1) • Vienna Conventions (UNECE WP. 1) • Revolutionary innovations supported by UNECE WP. 29 regulations – – – – – Electronic Stability Control Systems ABS Cruise Control On Board Diagnostic Adaptive Front-Lighting Systems Airbags Automatically commanded braking Cornering lamps Brake assist systems (BAS) • Controversial issues, e. g. Lane Departure Warning system (LDW) UNECE – Transport Division 23

ITS Messy World of Today • Inter-operability and compatibility • No common definition for ITS Messy World of Today • Inter-operability and compatibility • No common definition for ITS • ITS achievements are under-utilized • What is needed to promote ITS deployment? UNECE – Transport Division 24

Hurdles and issues for ITS • Controllability of vehicle • Where is the limit? Hurdles and issues for ITS • Controllability of vehicle • Where is the limit? • How much can be • Variable message signs or how much is • The three allowed to be dimensions: automated? • Who is responsible, who is liable? UNECE – Transport Division – Within vehicle – Vehicle to Vehicle – Vehicle to Infrastructure 25

UNECE Road Map to promote ITS use At the stage of asking questions: • UNECE Road Map to promote ITS use At the stage of asking questions: • Is it a question of level of economic development? • Is it a question of financing capacity? • Is it a question of institutional capacity? • Is it a question of legal framework? • Is it a question of information architecture? • Is it a question of clear liability provisions? • Is it a question of generation gap? • Is it a question of public – private dialogue? UNECE – Transport Division 26

Summary • Big Time for Technological Changes – FISITA members can make a change Summary • Big Time for Technological Changes – FISITA members can make a change • UNECE – your partner – As Centre of regulations and multilateral agreements • Vehicle regulations – As mover and shaker for analytical and TA work • For Road Safety • For global warming and inland transport solutions – As Promoter of ITS deployment UNECE – Transport Division 27

Thank you for your attention! www. unece. org/trans UNECE – Transport Division 28 Thank you for your attention! www. unece. org/trans UNECE – Transport Division 28