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Aspects of the Israeli Barrier May 2010 Shaul Arieli www. shaularieli. com Aspects of the Israeli Barrier May 2010 Shaul Arieli www. shaularieli. com

Size Land Of Israel/Palestine 28, 000 sq. km Lebanon Syria Mediterranean Sea Population Israel- Size Land Of Israel/Palestine 28, 000 sq. km Lebanon Syria Mediterranean Sea Population Israel- Jews- 5. 5 Arabs- 1. 3 W. B+G. S- Arabs-3. 6 Jews- 0. 5 Palestine 22% Israel 78% Jordan Egypt

The Security zones approach The Security zones approach

The containment approach The containment approach

Jewish settlements in east Jerusalem and the West Bank - 2009 Settlements Settlers Governmental Jewish settlements in east Jerusalem and the West Bank - 2009 Settlements Settlers Governmental 74 426, 000 National-religious 67 81, 000 141 507, 000 Total

Is it possible to sign a permanent status agreement that maintains these security approaches? Is it possible to sign a permanent status agreement that maintains these security approaches?

West Bank Israel Jerusalem West Bank Israel Jerusalem

Contributing Factors to the Building of the Seam Zone • Threat of terror: more Contributing Factors to the Building of the Seam Zone • Threat of terror: more than 1400 Israeli civilians killed since October of 2000. • Economic protection measure: GDP per-capita in Israel is $26, 300 compared to $940 for Palestinians. • Demographic threats: influx of 160, 000 illegal immigrants into Israel from the territories and Arab countries.

Official Objective “The plan for the Seam Area was designed as one component in Official Objective “The plan for the Seam Area was designed as one component in the war against terror by reducing the ability of terrorists from the areas of the Palestinian Authority to infiltrate into Israel. ” *from the Hebrew-version website of the Ministry of Defense

Israeli Barrier December 2002 Route West Bank Israel Jerusalem Israeli Barrier December 2002 Route West Bank Israel Jerusalem

Political Aim of the Barrier To influence the determination of the permanent border of Political Aim of the Barrier To influence the determination of the permanent border of Israel “in the absence of a partner” through a policy based on settlements and security claims.

Disengagement plan from Gaza and northern Samaria Disengagement plan from Gaza and northern Samaria

Strengthening Israeli presence Strengthening Israeli presence

Strengthening Israeli presence Strengthening Israeli presence

Separation of the fabric of life Separation of the fabric of life

Separation of the fabric of life Separation of the fabric of life

Fix the route of the northern West Bank barrier(2004) International pressure Fix the route of the northern West Bank barrier(2004) International pressure

Tab a Tab a

Comparison Completed barrier- Geneva Initiative Palestine Israel Palestine Comparison Completed barrier- Geneva Initiative Palestine Israel Palestine