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ASIAN & COMPARATIVE LAW CONCEPTS Prof David K. Linnan Class One- LAWS # 827 ASIAN & COMPARATIVE LAW CONCEPTS Prof David K. Linnan Class One- LAWS # 827 01/08/04

ADMINISTRATION Staggered start with U Washington-Seattle & U Wisconsin-Madison students, plus faculty from U ADMINISTRATION Staggered start with U Washington-Seattle & U Wisconsin-Madison students, plus faculty from U Melbourne and Southwestern Law-LA Course page at http: //www. lfip. org/laws 827 Readings on course materials link from course page (for next Monday, Don Clarke on Chinese corporate governance)

ADMINISTRATION You must sign up for listserv laws 827 (instructions at class administration link ADMINISTRATION You must sign up for listserv laws 827 (instructions at class administration link on course page) We shall have a sign-up sheet in each class meeting which you need to sign (put your e-mail address on today’s sheet)

ADMINISTRATION Arrangements re graduation writing requirement paper; I will be in Columbia few times ADMINISTRATION Arrangements re graduation writing requirement paper; I will be in Columbia few times this semester, but need trade drafts, etc. via e-mail Office hours will be held (Via. Video in USC 304), good time? Office telephone in Seattle 206/616 -6385 E-mail [email protected] sc. edu

CONCEPTS WHAT IS COMPARATIVE LAW? Classical Legal Families Approach (e. g. , Common Law CONCEPTS WHAT IS COMPARATIVE LAW? Classical Legal Families Approach (e. g. , Common Law vs. Civil Law vs. once & future Socialist Law) Distinction between substantive law & institutional approach, all functionalism Taxonomies reflect changing foci; traditional Western law bias (essentially, traditionally French or German law on academic level), traditional private law bias

CONCEPTS WHAT IS LAW & DEVELOPMENT? Movement 1960 s-1970 s, primarily Latin America & CONCEPTS WHAT IS LAW & DEVELOPMENT? Movement 1960 s-1970 s, primarily Latin America & Africa as focus of modernization, liberal political ideas Arguably reborn in late 1980 s following fall of Berlin wall, rule of law & democratization efforts in Eastern Europe

CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? Academic Western bias traditionally for comparative law, Asian jurisdictions CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? Academic Western bias traditionally for comparative law, Asian jurisdictions treated first as sui generis with legal sociology tinges US first Japan country specialization then China country specialization (academic), now catch-up with SE Asia, S Asia & Islamic world

CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Law reform driven by economic reform & globalization, CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Law reform driven by economic reform & globalization, not necessarily law & democracy as in 1960 s-1970 s Law & Development or 1990 s Post Berlin Wall Transition Economies, often IFIfinanced Note that communism fell in former Warsaw Pact, but socialism survives in Asia but experiencing economic reform (China, Vietnam)

CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Where is “Asia” definitional question before legal question? CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Where is “Asia” definitional question before legal question? Given non-Western character, shift towards more institutional approaches and away from classical doctrinal approaches to cultural, economic and institutional framework explanations

CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Significant political disconnect still, since Asians typically want CONCEPTS WHAT IS ASIAN LAW? (CONT’D) Significant political disconnect still, since Asians typically want to modernize and grow but are ambivalent about Westernization (unlike Eastern Europeans, who always wanted to become ersatz Austrians in “rejoining” Europe) Now some aggressive anti-Westernism aka disagreements re war on terror vs. war on Islam

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? Different tradition on authority & state, CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? Different tradition on authority & state, political, philosophical & religious as affecting law 19 th-20 th century tradition of legal borrowings, either for modernization (e. g. , Japan, Korea & Taiwan 19 th, PRC late 20 th) or as colonies (e. g. , Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore)

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) Hidden difference on doctrinal (mostly CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) Hidden difference on doctrinal (mostly private) law side that formal Western influences are largely Civil Law-oriented However, legal pluralism common formally as in Indonesia leading to legal complexity and ideological competition at level of substantive law & institutions as reflecting social structures

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) On public law side, modernization/democratization CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) On public law side, modernization/democratization issues conducted in human rights terms (but be aware that US or more broadly Common Law British tradition countries tend to have different technical interpretations of human rights in terms of civil/political rights (restraining government) vs. economic/social rights (benefits of government)

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) On the economic side, strong CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) On the economic side, strong involvement of the State so that economic liberalism minority view in Asia (e. g. , claims about alternate forms of capitalism vs. the development state) Countervailing pressure of globalization and doctrinaire Washington Consensus pushed by IFIs (international financial institutions)

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) With the exception of Japan, CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) With the exception of Japan, Asian law is largely about NIEs (newly industrialized economies) or lower income developing countries Social & political concerns are different if per capita GDP is U$1, 000 vs. U$8, 000 vs. U$25, 000 Hidden cultural issues, since non-Western societies

CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) Ultimately, several competing strains & CONCEPTS WHAT ARE ASIAN LAWS’ HIDDEN DISTINCTIVE UNDERPINNINGS? (CONT’D) Ultimately, several competing strains & parties’ agendas drive things (e. g. , economist-controlled IFIs, foreign state interests, local developmental interests, problems of societies in transition & quo vadis question)