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ARTICLE I THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH ARTICLE I THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

CONGRESS RULES IN GENERAL • • • Primary Job = Make the Laws Located CONGRESS RULES IN GENERAL • • • Primary Job = Make the Laws Located / Operate in… CAPITOL Building Write “Bills” = Proposed Laws (An Idea for a Law)

POWERS CONGRESS HAS • • 1. Declare War 2. Taxation, Duties 3. Implement the POWERS CONGRESS HAS • • 1. Declare War 2. Taxation, Duties 3. Implement the Census 4. Borrow Money on Credit 5. Naturalization (Citizenship) 6. Establish Post Offices / Roads 7. Regulate Trade

Powers Congress Has (con. ) • 7. Necessary and Proper Clause = • “Elastic Powers Congress Has (con. ) • 7. Necessary and Proper Clause = • “Elastic Clause” – • Power to make / change laws to fit new situations (on back)

Congress Rules in General (con. ) • Each House keeps a Journal – “Congressional Congress Rules in General (con. ) • Each House keeps a Journal – “Congressional Record” • Can’t hold Executive / Judicial Job • Need 51% Vote to pass a BILL • 2/3 Vote (67%) to Over-ride a President Veto

THE HOUSE OF REP’S Total # or Reps in the House? ? ? n THE HOUSE OF REP’S Total # or Reps in the House? ? ? n (435 total representatives) n Determines # of Rep’s = n Population n Proportional Representation n

THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AGE TO BE ELECTED = n 25 Years Old n THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AGE TO BE ELECTED = n 25 Years Old n Be a US Citizen for… n 7 Years n n Residency (Live in State Elected)

House of Reps TERM Length = n 2 Year Term n House of Reps TERM Length = n 2 Year Term n

House of Reps n n n What is IMPEACHMENT? ? ? Impeachment Power = House of Reps n n n What is IMPEACHMENT? ? ? Impeachment Power = to Charge Impeachment

House of Reps Presides (Chief Officer) = n Speaker of the House n Current House of Reps Presides (Chief Officer) = n Speaker of the House n Current Speaker? ? ? n Paul Ryan (R - WI) n

n Bill Specialty? ? ? n All Revenue (Tax) Bills Must Originate in House n Bill Specialty? ? ? n All Revenue (Tax) Bills Must Originate in House

The Senate !!! • How Many MEMBERS of the Senate? • 2 Senators per The Senate !!! • How Many MEMBERS of the Senate? • 2 Senators per State (100 total) • Determines # of Senators… • EQUAL Representation

THE SENATE REQ’s • AGE = • 30 Years Old • US Citizen for… THE SENATE REQ’s • AGE = • 30 Years Old • US Citizen for… • 9 Years (Live in State Elected) • TERM = • 6 Year Term

 • Impeachment Power = • Power of Impeachment Trials (Jury) • 2/3 vote • Impeachment Power = • Power of Impeachment Trials (Jury) • 2/3 vote to convict / remove from office • WHO has been Impeached in the USA? ? ? • Andrew Johnson / Bill Clinton

Still the Senate!!! • • President of Senate (Chief Officer) Vice President Only Votes Still the Senate!!! • • President of Senate (Chief Officer) Vice President Only Votes when… Tie - Breaker!!!!! President Pro-Tempore: Acts when VP Absent (Orin Hatch (R – UT))

A STATE CANNOT • 1. Make Treaties, Alliances • 2. No Titles of Nobility A STATE CANNOT • 1. Make Treaties, Alliances • 2. No Titles of Nobility • 3. Make laws Superior to Constitution (Supremacy Clause)