- Количество слайдов: 16
Arterio-venous Fistula Scaffold Jonathan Jaffery, Ph. D – School of Medicine Naomi Chesler, Ph. D – Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Kristyn Masters, Ph. D – Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Brenda Ogle, Ph. D – Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Karen Chen Holly Liske Laura Piechura Kellen Sheedy
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Presentation Overview Background information n Problem statement n Design criteria n Overview of four materials n Testing n Matrix n Future work n
Background - Hemodialysis n Renal failure n 300, 000+ Americans n To cleanse the blood n Methods ¨ Catheter ¨ Graft ¨ Arterio-venous (AV) fistula
Background – Fistula Maturation n Connect vein and artery n Increased blood flow → Vein arterialization n Advantages ¨ Low infection rates ¨ High blood flow rate ¨ Low incidence of clotting Figure 1: Arterio-venous (AV) fistula.
Problem Statement n 45% success rate of current AV fistula n Veins collapse during hemodialysis n External scaffolding to prevent vein collapse n Shorter maturation period
Design Criteria n Injectable liquid n Polymerizable in situ n Adhere and tether to the vein n Withstand puncture and tension n Biocompatibility
Alginate ¨ Properties n n n Extracted from seaweed Linear branching copolymers Crosslinked by divalent cations (i. e. Ca 2+) ¨ Applications n n n Prosthetics Pharmaceuticals Burn dressing ¨ Degradation n Oxidation over time ¨ Advantages/Disadvantages n n + : immediate polymerization - : difficult to polymerize in situ
Pluronic F-127 ¨ Properties n n Triblock copolymer Thermoreversible polymerization ¨ Applications n n n Drug and peptide delivery Artificial skin Temporary vascular occlusion ¨ Degradation n Mechanical perturbation ¨ Advantages/Disadvantages n n + : polymerizes at physiological temperatures - : resulting gel is semi-solid
Polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEG-DA) ¨ Properties n n Covalently cross-linked polymers PEG-DA + I-2959 photoinitiator + UV light ¨ Applications n n Polymer cross-linking Flexible plastics ¨ Degradation n n Resistant to hydrolysis and enzyme degradation Modified with concentration and copolymerization ¨ Advantages/Disadvantages n n + : firm polymer - : requires UV exposure to polymerize
Fibrin gel ¨ Properties n n Fibrinogen zymogen activated by thrombin Meshwork involved in blood clotting ¨ Applications n n Vascular sealant in surgery Tissue engineering of cartilage ¨ Degradation n Fibrinolysis ¨ Advantages/Disadvantages n n + : employs biological processes - : requires multiple polymerizing agents
Adhesion Test Figure 2: Relative strengths of the tissue-biomaterial adhesion for alginate, fibrin gel, PEG-DA, and Pluronic F-127 on bovine aorta tissue.
Puncture Test Alginate Fibrin gel Pluronic F-127 PEG-DA Figure 3: Material response to puncture with 18 G needle on porcine aorta tissue.
Material Matrix Materials Criterion Rank Adhesiveness Alginate Fibrin Gel PEG-DA Pluronic F 127 0. 50 2 5 4 1 Polymerization Method 0. 20 2 4 1 5 Elasticity 0. 20 4 3 3 4 Self-Sealing 0. 05 1 4 4 1 Biodegradable 0. 05 3 4 3 2 Totals 1. 0 2. 40 4. 30 3. 15 2. 45
Future Work n Optimize properties of fibrin gel n Test material in vitro Adhesion test ¨ Puncture test ¨ Perfusion chamber ¨ n Test material in vivo ¨ Pig model system
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