- Количество слайдов: 29
Arguments of Civil War
What was the Missouri Compromise of 1820?
Maine would be free, Missouri would be slave; no slavery from that time on in any state north of Missouri’s southern border (36/30 latitude) Henry Clay created compromise
How did the annexation of Texas impact the nation ?
Arguments if states from territory would be free or slave; war against Mexico fought
What was the Compromise of 1850?
CA free; UT & NM vote to be free or slave (popular sovereignty); no slave trade in D. C and strict fugitive slave law
What was the Wilmot Proviso?
Bill proposed in Congress stating any land gained from Mexican American War would be free - no slavery. Bill was defeated.
What was the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854?
Nebraska territory divided into Nebraska and Kansas; each to vote on whether to be free or allow slavery
How did Kansas become known as Bleeding Kansas?
Violence connected to voting to be free or slave and John Brown uprising
Why are the Lincoln-Douglas debates so famous?
Slavery debated: House Divided speech given
What was Dred Scott decision ?
Supreme Court ruled Dred Scott is property and not free; Missouri compromise was unconstitutional as property was denied in states set as being free in compromise. Chief Supreme Court Justice was Roger Taney.
What was states rights doctrine ?
States decide issues for themselves, including if they will be free or slave states; 10 th amendment A state could nullify a federal law if it was harmful to any state
Who was a famous states rights proponent ?
John C. Calhoun
Who argued against Calhoun ?
Webster's famous words ?
“Liberty and Union, now and forever one and inseparable”
What 2 key moments before the Civil War shaped the states rights doctrine ?
1. 1. Kentucky and Virginia resolves stating that a state could nullify a federal law and secede from the Union used in response to the Sedition Act under John Adams administration 2. argument used again in nullification crisis during Jackson administration when South Carolina threatened secession over tariff
What was Lincoln's view of secession ?
Unconstitutional- secession is rebellion