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Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863 Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863 -1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph

Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed 1860. Bexley heath (near London). Arts & Crafts, neo. Gothic eclecticism, meant to be a “palace of art” for artists and writers associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Movement

William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, Pre-Raphaelite. Morris’s only surviving oil painting, Tate, London

Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red House commemorating the wedding of William Morris and Jane Burden. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful. ” William Morris

William Morris, “Pimpernel” wallpaper, 1876 William Morris, “Pimpernel” wallpaper, 1876

William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14 th century texts) figures by Edward William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14 th century texts) figures by Edward Burne-Jones

Michael Thonet (Austrian, 1796 -1891), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses Michael Thonet (Austrian, 1796 -1891), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses of Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Art Nouveau Mass production of 2, 000 chairs per day, 6 parts, steamed and bent wood. Vienna Opera House, 1902

Victor Horta (Belgian, 1861 -1947) Maison du Peuple (1897 -1900), built for the progressive Victor Horta (Belgian, 1861 -1947) Maison du Peuple (1897 -1900), built for the progressive political party, the Belgian Labor Party and demolished in 1965.

VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of iron, steel, and glass. (Van Eetvelde was the administrator of the Congo Free State. )

Antoni Gaudi (Spanish 18521926), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau Antoni Gaudi (Spanish 18521926), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau (Catalan modernismo)

Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo roof Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo roof

Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo roof Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo roof

Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo interior stairway Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo interior stairway

Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo, skylight well Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo, skylight well

ANTONIO GAUDI, Casa Milá, Barcelona, 1907 ANTONIO GAUDI, Casa Milá, Barcelona, 1907

ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron. Symbol of modernity built for the ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron. Symbol of modernity built for the centennial of the French Revolution. About 1000 ft high, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later.

HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885– 1887. HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885– 1887.

Louis Sullivan ( U. S. 1856 -1924), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel Louis Sullivan ( U. S. 1856 -1924), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel frame clad in masonry, Saint Louis, Missouri. Compare with Medici. Riccardi palace, 1445 (above) Renaissance palace, Florence, Italy

Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894 Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894

Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, 1895 -1904 (now the Sullivan Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, 1895 -1904 (now the Sullivan Center), Chicago. Restoration completed in 2006.

Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism

Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvas Art Institute of Chicago, Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvas Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Parisian dandy, flaneur, and “Painter of Modern Life”

Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, 204 x 273. 5 cm. Musée d'Orsay, Paris L-R: Scholderer, Manet, Renoir, Astruc (seated), Zola, Maitre, Bazille, Monet

Edouard Manet, At the Café, lithograph, 1869 Edouard Manet, At the Café, lithograph, 1869

Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30, ” National Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30, ” National Gallery, London Portraits of Charles Baudelaire by Manet on left, 1865 Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable. - Charles Baudelaire

Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862 Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862

Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) 1510 compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) 1510 compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe

Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), 1520 compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), 1520 compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe, 1862

Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 in Musée d'Orsay, Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 in Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia 1863 Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia 1863

Alexandre Cabanel (French Academic Painter, 1823 -1889) Birth of Venus, 1863 Alexandre Cabanel (French Academic Painter, 1823 -1889) Birth of Venus, 1863

Jean Leon Gerome (Academic classicism), Phrynee Before the Judges, 1861 Daumier cartoon: “Venuses Again, Jean Leon Gerome (Academic classicism), Phrynee Before the Judges, 1861 Daumier cartoon: “Venuses Again, Always Venuses”

William Bouguereau, Birth of Venus, 1879 and Paul Baudry, Venus and Cupid, c. 1857 William Bouguereau, Birth of Venus, 1879 and Paul Baudry, Venus and Cupid, c. 1857

Manet, Universal Exposition of 1867, o/c Painter of Modern Life Manet, Universal Exposition of 1867, o/c Painter of Modern Life

1867 Paris International Exhibition 1867 Paris International Exhibition

Emperor Napoleon III by Hippolyte Flandrin (Salon of 1863) with Plan of Paris – Emperor Napoleon III by Hippolyte Flandrin (Salon of 1863) with Plan of Paris – radical urban renewal designed by Baron Haussmann, 1853 -1869

Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann urban renewal, Paris: 1853 -1869 Blvd. Haussman with Galeries Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann urban renewal, Paris: 1853 -1869 Blvd. Haussman with Galeries Lafayette, one of the first department stores: commodity culture

Edouard Manet, The Barricade, ca. 1871, watercolor and gouache, 18 x 13 in, Szepmuveseti Edouard Manet, The Barricade, ca. 1871, watercolor and gouache, 18 x 13 in, Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary

Edouard Manet, Civil War in Paris (the Commune) 1871, lithograph Edouard Manet, Civil War in Paris (the Commune) 1871, lithograph

Edouard Manet, The Bar at the Folies Bergere, 1881, 37 x 51 in Edouard Manet, The Bar at the Folies Bergere, 1881, 37 x 51 in

Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca. 1879, oil on canvas, 39 x Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca. 1879, oil on canvas, 39 x 32 in, Musée d’Orsay, Paris

Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca. 1881, painted bronze (cast 1892) with muslin Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca. 1881, painted bronze (cast 1892) with muslin skirt. Original: yellow wax, cotton muslin skirt, satin ribbon, wooden base, 39 in high

Edgar Degas, (left) The Dance Class, 1874, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (right) Edgar Degas, (left) The Dance Class, 1874, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (right) Ecole de Dance, 1873, oil on canvas, 19 x 25 in. , Corcoran, Washington D. C.