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APPLICATION OF THE FRBR TO RARE BOOK CATALOGUING Tinka Katic National and University Library, APPLICATION OF THE FRBR TO RARE BOOK CATALOGUING Tinka Katic National and University Library, Zagreb, Croatia tinka. [email protected] hr ELAG 2001

CONTENT 1. Introduction 2. Definition of the older book 3. User’s community: its structure CONTENT 1. Introduction 2. Definition of the older book 3. User’s community: its structure and requirements 4. Bibliographic relationship 5. Structuring the MARC record for the older book: the application of entity-relationship model 6. Conclusion ELAG 2001

1. INTRODUCTION Functional requirements for bibliographic records. München : K. G. Saur, 1998 - 1. INTRODUCTION Functional requirements for bibliographic records. München : K. G. Saur, 1998 - a great impact within the library and wider information communities J. D. Byrum i O. Madison. Reflections on the goals, concepts and recommendations of the IFLA Study on functional requirements for bibliographic records. // FRBR (Functional requirements for bibliographic records) Seminar. Florence, 27 -28 January 2000 http: //www. aib. it/aib/sezioni/toscana/conf/frbr/byrmadis. htm ELAG 2001

Functional requirements for bibliographic records - in order to meet a broad range of Functional requirements for bibliographic records - in order to meet a broad range of users’ requirements the FRBR determines which functions a bibliographic record has to fulfil: find, identify, select and obtain - data elements that describe these requirements were extracted from: - ISBDs - GARE - GSARE - UNIMARC Manual - AITF categories for the description of works of art ELAG 2001

THE ENTITY-RELATIONSHIPS MODEL ENTITIES 1. work, expression, manifestation and item 2. persons and corporative THE ENTITY-RELATIONSHIPS MODEL ENTITIES 1. work, expression, manifestation and item 2. persons and corporative bodies 3. concept, subject, event and place ATTRIBUTES - data elements as defined in ISBDs and both guidelines elements for creating users’ requests and users’ interpretation of the answers to their requests RELATIONSHIPS - between the entities of each group of entities and between the same entities of the first group of entities ELAG 2001

- to assess their value, attributes and entity relationships were analysed in relation to - to assess their value, attributes and entity relationships were analysed in relation to user’s tasks to: - find - identify - select - obtain - the analysis resulted in: Basic Level National Bibliographic Record a list of descriptive (according to ISBD’s areas) and organizing (headings) elements ELAG 2001

- possible purpose of the E-R model: a basis for the revision of national - possible purpose of the E-R model: a basis for the revision of national cataloguing codes - the Croatian cataloguing code’s revision: - based on international standards valid in 1970 ies and 1980 ies -- regulates modern printed material revision must include other types of material and new media and also older books ELAG 2001

2. DEFINITION OF THE OLDER BOOK - standard definition of the book = dichotomy 2. DEFINITION OF THE OLDER BOOK - standard definition of the book = dichotomy of work and its material carrier - definition of the older book = standard definition of the book, chronologically restricted to the hand press era (15 th to 19 th century) specific characteristics as a result of its: a) production complex publishing and printing relations: editions, issues, impressions, states b) post-publishing history communication chain: publisher-printer/producer-distributor-reader/user/owner ELAG 2001

3. USERS’ COMMUNITY: ITS STRUCTURE AND REQUIREMENTS -- researchers who belong to wide range 3. USERS’ COMMUNITY: ITS STRUCTURE AND REQUIREMENTS -- researchers who belong to wide range of scientific disciplines: - literature and textual history - history of the book - history of the art - history of the libraries - sociological researches in reading, book collections etc. the intellectual and cultural history as a whole ELAG 2001

4. BIBLIOGRAPHIC RELATIONSHIPS 4. 1 Traditional catalogues the relationships derived from the dichotomy of 4. BIBLIOGRAPHIC RELATIONSHIPS 4. 1 Traditional catalogues the relationships derived from the dichotomy of the book: literary item - bibliographic item 4. 2 Machine readable catalogues reconsideration of conceptual structure of information organization - an attempt of identifying bibliographic relationships in the changed environment: FRBR ELAG 2001

ELAG 2001 11 ELAG 2001 11

5. 1 Case study - example: Marko Marulic’s work De institutione bene vivendi per 5. 1 Case study - example: Marko Marulic’s work De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum - the analysis restricted to the Latin original and Italian and German translations ELAG 2001

ELAG 2001 13 ELAG 2001 13

(l) relationship between the entities of the first group were considered using: - data (l) relationship between the entities of the first group were considered using: - data elements used from Appendix in the FRBR -missing data element were found in the Croatian cataloguing code, ISBD(A), UNIMARC Guideline No. 3 and UNIMARC Manual: Bibliographic Format (2) to indicate other types of relationships the scheme from the FRBR was used ELAG 2001

5. 1. 1 Work-expression-manifestation-item relationship w 1 De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum 5. 1. 1 Work-expression-manifestation-item relationship w 1 De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum e 1 Latin original m 1 De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum. Venetiis. . . , anno D[domi]ni M. D. vi. Die x. mensis Februarii i 1 NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 e 2 Italian translation m 1 Opera di Marco Marulo da Spalato circa l’institutione del buono e beato vivere. . . In Bergamo. . . , 1583. i 1 NSK: RIIF-8 o-61 e 3 German translation m 1 Sechs Buecher von Gedaechtnusss wuerdigen Reden und Thatten. . . Getruckt zu Dilingen. . . , M. D. LXXXIII. i 1 NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 ELAG 2001

w 1 Marko Marulic’s work De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum 500 10 w 1 Marko Marulic’s work De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum 500 10 $3 941202031$a De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum Example 1 Latin original: De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum 100 ## $a 19930513 d 1506 y 0 hrvy 0191 101 0# $a lat ELAG 2001 na

m 1 A book printed in Venice 1506 200 1# $a Marcus Marulus Spalatensis m 1 A book printed in Venice 1506 200 1# $a Marcus Marulus Spalatensis De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum $a M. Maruli Carmen de doctrina Domini nostri Iesu Christi pendentis in cruce$c Carme[n] Hieronymi Macareli. . . $c Lamp. Francisco Lucensi [epigramma in fine] 300 ## $a Jed. oblik autorova imena: Marko Marulic 700 #1 $3 910312027$a Marulic$b Marko 423 #1 $1 2001#$a Carmen$1700#1$a Macareli$b Girolamo 423 #1 $1 2001#$a Epigramma$1700$a Consorti$b Francesco 300 ## $a List Q 7: Jacobus Grasolarius ad lectorem; Franciscus Lucensis de [Con]sortibus ad lectore[m] 702 #1 $3 910312028$a Grasolarius$b Jacobus$4 075 702 11 $3 930513008$a Consorti$b Francesco de$4 075 ELAG 2001

m 1 102 ## $a IT 210 ## $a Impressit Venetiis$c presbiter Fra[n]ciscus Lucensis m 1 102 ## $a IT 210 ## $a Impressit Venetiis$c presbiter Fra[n]ciscus Lucensis de Co[n]sortibus. . . et Bernardinus de Vitalib[us] Venetus$d anno D[domi]ni M. D. vi. die x. mensis Februarii> 300 ## $a Podaci o izdavanju preuzeti iz kolofona 620 ## $a Italija$d Venezia 702 11 $3 930513008$a Consorti$b Francesco de$4 750 702 11 $3 930513032$a Vitali$b Bernardino$4 750 215 ## $a [334] listova$d 16 o (15 cm) 300 ## $a Sig. : a 8 -z 8, A 8 -Q 300 ## $a Inicijali ELAG 2001

i 1 Incomplete copy owned by the National and University Library, previous owner: Vicenzo i 1 Incomplete copy owned by the National and University Library, previous owner: Vicenzo Capelli 141 ## $a f b 0 ee$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 316 ## $a Nedostaje poglavlje XI. i XII. u cetvrtoj knjizi i pocetak pete knjige$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 316 ## $a Uvezano u kartonske korice, bez hrpta$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 317 ## $a Na nasl. str. zapis: Vincy Capelli$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF 16 o-80 318 ## $a Pregledano$c 19941129$l Dobro ocuvano$n Restaurirati uvez $5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 702 11 $3 941129068$a Capelli$b Vicenzo$4 390$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-16 o-80 990 ## $a 62. 775 (st. sig. ) 990 ## $a SM. 26. G. 13. (st. sig. ) ELAG 2001

Example 2 Italian translation: De institutione del buono et beato vivere secondo l’esempio de’ Example 2 Italian translation: De institutione del buono et beato vivere secondo l’esempio de’ Santi. . . 100 ## $a 19941202 d 1583 y 0 hrvy 0191 ba 101 1# $a ita$c lat 300 ## $a Prijevod djela: De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum / Marko Marulic; prev. Remigio Nannini 500 10 $3 941202031$a De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum$m tal. prijevod ELAG 2001

m 1 A book printed in Bergamo 1583 200 1# $a Opera di Marco m 1 A book printed in Bergamo 1583 200 1# $a Opera di Marco Marulo da Spalato circa l’institutione del buono e beato vivere. . . $g e tradotta in lingua toscana da maestro Remigio Fiorentino, dell' ordine de' predicatori 300 ## $a Jed. oblik autorova imena: Marko Marulic 700 #1 $3 910312027$a Marulic$b. Marko 702 11 $3 930705210$a Nannini$b Remigio$4 730 205 ## $a Di nuovo con diligenza ristampata, e da notabilissimi errori emendata, con l' aggiunta di una copiosa tavola, oltra quella delle principali materie 102 ## $a IT 210 ## $a In Bergamo$c apresso Comino Ventura$d 1583 620 ## $a Italija$d Bergamo 702 11 $3 930806042$a Ventura$b Comino$4 750 ELAG 2001

i 1 A well-preserved paperboard copy owned by the National and University Library 141 i 1 A well-preserved paperboard copy owned by the National and University Library 141 ## $a fb b 0 bb$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-61 316 ## $a Uvezano u sarene kartonske korice s koznatim hrptom; na hrptu naljepnica: 53$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-61 318 ## $a Pregledano$c 19941202$l Dobro ocuvano$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-61 990 ## $a R 2558 (st. sig. ) ELAG 2001

Example 3 German translation: M. Maruli Spalatensis Sechs Buecher von Gedaechtnusss wuerdigen Reden und Example 3 German translation: M. Maruli Spalatensis Sechs Buecher von Gedaechtnusss wuerdigen Reden und Thatten. . . 100 ## $a 19941208 d 1583 y 0 hrvy 0191 ba 101 1# $a ger$c lat 300 ## $a Prijevod djela: De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum / Marko Marulic; prev. Hermann Baumgartern 500 10 $3 941205099$a De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum$m njem. prijevod ELAG 2001

m 1 A book printed in Dillingen 1583 200 1# $a M. Maruli Spalatensis m 1 A book printed in Dillingen 1583 200 1# $a M. Maruli Spalatensis Sechs Buecher. Von Gedaechtnuss wuerdigen Reden und Thatten. Oder: Von Lehr und Underweisung das Leben wol und selig anzustellen nach form der Hailigen Lebens Altes und Newen Testaments. . . $f in teutsche Spraach gebracht durch Herman Baumgartern Burgern und Bischofflichen Fiscal zu[m] Augspurg 300 ## $a [Str. 3 -7: ] Dem hochwuerdigen Fuersten und Herrn Marquarden vom Berg Bischoffen zu Augspurg und Thumprobsten zu Bamberg meinem gnedigen Fuersten und Herrn. . . / Herman Baumgartern 300 ## $a Jed. oblik autorova imena: Marko Marulic 700 #1 $3 910312027$a Marulic$b. Marko 702 11 $3 941205102$a Baumgartern$b Hermann$4 730$4 290 ELAG 2001

m 1 210 ## $a Getruckt zu Dilingen$c durch Johannem Mayer$d M. D. LXXXIII m 1 210 ## $a Getruckt zu Dilingen$c durch Johannem Mayer$d M. D. LXXXIII 620 ## $a Njemacka$d Dillingen 702 11 $3 941205100$a Mayer$b Johann$4 750 215 ## $a [68], 964 str. $c ilustr. $d 8 o (22 cm) 300 ## $a Got. ELAG 2001

i 1 A copy presented to the National and University Library by Ivan Kukuljevic i 1 A copy presented to the National and University Library by Ivan Kukuljevic Sakcinski 141 ## $a b a 0 ea$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 316 ## $a Uvezano u koznate korice s utisnutim ukrasima$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 316 ## $a Na poledjini prednje korice zapis na lat. jeziku$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 317 ## $a Na poledjini prednje korice zapis: Daruje Sveucilišnoj knjiznici: Ivan Kukuljevic$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 318 ## $a Pregledano$c 19941208$l Dobro ocuvano, hrbat djelomicno ostecen$n Restaurirati uvez$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o 319 702 11 $3 910724176$a Kukuljevic-Sakcinski$b Ivan$4 320$5 Ci. Za. NSK: RIIF-8 o-319 990 ## $a 62. 856 (st. sig. ) 990 ## $a SM. 27. B. 22. (st. sig. ) ELAG 2001

5. 1. 2 Relationships between entity person to the 1 st group of entities 5. 1. 2 Relationships between entity person to the 1 st group of entities 5. 1. 2. 1 Person-to-work relationship (created by) p 1 Marko Marulić w 1 De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum w 2 Carmen de doctrina Domini nostri Iesu Christi pendentis in cruce p 1 Girolamo Macareli w 1 Carmen p 1 Francesco Consorti w 1 Epigramma ELAG 2001

5. 1. 2. 2 Person-to-expression relationship (realized by) e 1 in Latin (no person-to-expression 5. 1. 2. 2 Person-to-expression relationship (realized by) e 1 in Latin (no person-to-expression relationship) p 1 Remigio Nanni (translator) e 1 Italian translation of the work De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum p 1 Hermann Baumgartern (translator) e 1 German translation of the work De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum ELAG 2001

5. 1. 2. 3 Person-to-manifestation (produced by) p 1 Francesco Consorti (printer) p 2 5. 1. 2. 3 Person-to-manifestation (produced by) p 1 Francesco Consorti (printer) p 2 Bernardino Vitali (printer) m 1 a book printed in Venice 1506 p 1 Comino Ventura (printer) m 1 a book printed in Bergamo 1583 p 1 Johann Mayer (printer) m 1 a book printed in Dillingen 1583 ELAG 2001

5. 1. 2. 4 Person-to-item (owned by) p 1 Vicenzo Capelli (former owner) i 5. 1. 2. 4 Person-to-item (owned by) p 1 Vicenzo Capelli (former owner) i 1 a copy NSK RIIF-16 o-80 was owned by V. Capelli p 1 Ivan Kukuljevic Sakcinski (donator) i 1 a copy NSK RIIF-8 o-319 was presented to the Library by Ivan Kukuljevic Sakcinski ELAG 2001

FRBR : FRANAR work 1 work 2 work 3 work 4 person 1/author ELAG FRBR : FRANAR work 1 work 2 work 3 work 4 person 1/author ELAG 2001 31

FRBR : FRANAR(2) expression 1/work 1 person 1/author(? ) expression 2/work 1 person 1/translator FRBR : FRANAR(2) expression 1/work 1 person 1/author(? ) expression 2/work 1 person 1/translator expression 3/work 1 person 1/translator person 1/printer m 1/e 1/w 1 m 1/e 2/w 1 person 1/printer m 1/e 3/w 1 person 1/printer ELAG 2001 person 2/printer 32

FRBR : FRANAR(3) i 1/m 1/e 1/w 1 i 1/m 1/e 2/w 1 i FRBR : FRANAR(3) i 1/m 1/e 1/w 1 i 1/m 1/e 2/w 1 i 1/m 1/e 3/w 1 person 1/owner corporate body 1/custodian ELAG 2001 33

5. 1. 3 Subject relationship - Concept-work c 1 Moral teology w 1 De 5. 1. 3 Subject relationship - Concept-work c 1 Moral teology w 1 De institutione bene vivendi per exempla sanctorum ELAG 2001

5. 1. 4 Other possible relationships - the relationship on the manifestation level for 5. 1. 4 Other possible relationships - the relationship on the manifestation level for the entity “produced in” is missing --> proposals: creation of additional direct link from manifestation to the existing place or indirect link from manifestation to person/corporate body responsible for production of the manifestation ELAG 2001

6. CONCLUSION - the adventages of using the model 6. 1 The revision of 6. CONCLUSION - the adventages of using the model 6. 1 The revision of cataloguing code for the older books 6. 1. 1 Objectives (1) to examine whether the principles for the bibliographic description contain all three groups of entities, relationships between entities within the first group, and relationships between each group of entities, all of which, by identifying relations between editions, impressions, issues and states, would express the complexity of printing process and refer to the work contained in these editions; ELAG 2001

(2) does it provides links to all persons or corporate bodies responsible for the (2) does it provides links to all persons or corporate bodies responsible for the intellectual and artistic content of the work, and all those who participated in the creation of the work/edition/impression/issue and in the history of the item, and (3) does it provides description of all material characteristics of the book which identify it as a unique object, i. e. an artefact. ELAG 2001

6. 1. 2 Directions (1) retain the present state if the four level model 6. 1. 2 Directions (1) retain the present state if the four level model is considered to be only a more detailed concept of the two level model (workitem); (2) redefine functions of the bibliographic record and certain cataloguing rules to make the model more transparent i. e. explicit mention of entities and their relationships; and (3) explicity of the FRBR entitiy-relationship model make to the organisational model of cataloguing code instead of the linearity of ISBD structural areas. ELAG 2001

6. 2 Reexamination of MARC record - UNIMARC format - a tool for the 6. 2 Reexamination of MARC record - UNIMARC format - a tool for the creation of a full bibliographic record should it be extended? 6. 3 Record level - the consensus for the full record description 6. 4 The definition of functional requirements for authority records 6. 5 The design of the search and retrieval interfaces ELAG 2001

6. 6 Further development of the FRBR - relationship “produced in” - full bibliographic 6. 6 Further development of the FRBR - relationship “produced in” - full bibliographic record --> expansion of Appendix A - the development of the FRANAR ELAG 2001

APPLICATION OF THE FRBR TO RARE BOOK CATALOGUING Thank you! Tinka Katic National and APPLICATION OF THE FRBR TO RARE BOOK CATALOGUING Thank you! Tinka Katic National and University Library, Zagreb, Croatia tinka. [email protected] hr ELAG 2001 41