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Anti-Corruption Programming Role of UNDP in Supporting UNCAC Implementations Regional Co. P Workshop – Anti-Corruption Programming Role of UNDP in Supporting UNCAC Implementations Regional Co. P Workshop – The Arab Region Beirut, Lebanon, 27 -30 July, 2008 Phil Matsheza (phil. [email protected] org ), Anti-corruption Advisor & Anga Timilsina (anga. [email protected] org), Research Analyst Democratic Governance Group (DGG), Bureau for Development Policy (BDP), UNDP

Anti-Corruption Programming What is common between Judo and anti-corruption programming? “Combating Corruption is like Anti-Corruption Programming What is common between Judo and anti-corruption programming? “Combating Corruption is like Judo. Instead of bluntly resisting the criminal forces, one must redirect the enemy's energy to its own decay”. --Dr. Johann Graf Lambsdorff, Univ. of Passau, Germany Implication: In AC-programming, national counterparts should be involved more effectively to tackle their own problem

Anti-Corruption Strategy Combating corruption requires a holistic approach that addresses the many causes, facets Anti-Corruption Strategy Combating corruption requires a holistic approach that addresses the many causes, facets and structural issues that corruption entails Common Strategic Challenges Political will (credible leadership) Entry points Sustainability Resources and expertise

Programming Areas UNDP Global Thematic Programme on Anti-Corruption for Development Effectiveness (PACDE) • Outcome Programming Areas UNDP Global Thematic Programme on Anti-Corruption for Development Effectiveness (PACDE) • Outcome areas outlined in the UNDP AC Global Programme

Programming Areas (Contd. ) 1. Potential AC interventions to increase state/institutional capacity to respond Programming Areas (Contd. ) 1. Potential AC interventions to increase state/institutional capacity to respond to UNCAC and to improve governance: Training to national counterparts on AC and UNCAC Anti-corruption technical and advisory support for national partners ü ü Risk assessment and gap analysis (capacity assessment). Advisory support to develop national AC strategies, policies and work plans. Support to establish and strengthen oversight institutions. Coordinate AC policies among different partners and stakeholders. Methodologies for incorporating AC-principles in service delivery and activities of TWG Example: AC Advisory Service to Pakistan and Bangladesh Example: UNDP help for drafting national AC Strategy of Sierra Leone

Programming Areas (Contd. ) 2. AC interventions to increase the utilization of governance/AC assessment Programming Areas (Contd. ) 2. AC interventions to increase the utilization of governance/AC assessment tools to inform policies at national level Example: DGG/OGC Mapping • Production of diagnostic tools to measure of AC tools corruption. in Africa • Undertake surveys to qualify and quantify corruption at country level (by sector) 3. AC interventions to strengthen capacity of the media and civil society to provide oversight against corruption. • Train civil society and media • Increase CSO and media participation in policy formulation and international representation • Support innovative activities of CSOs and media

Programming Areas (Contd. ) 4. AC interventions to improve harmonization and coordination of anti-corruption Programming Areas (Contd. ) 4. AC interventions to improve harmonization and coordination of anti-corruption initiatives: ü Improved UN agency and donor coordination ü Improved strategic coordination with other partners 5. AC interventions to increase awareness and knowledge on AC norms, standards, and methodologies and their application through the development of KM: ü Produce flyers, fact sheets and posters on topical issues ü Produce guidelines, manuals, comparative experiences, and primers Example: Joint programmes With UNODC

Programming Areas (Contd. ) UNCAC provides programming guidelines in the areas around which COs Programming Areas (Contd. ) UNCAC provides programming guidelines in the areas around which COs can develop AC interventions under the preventive measures of UNCAC which reflect generally accepted principles of the good governance agenda UNCAC as a Democratic Governance and Development Framework UNCAC Articles Demand for Programming Article 5: Anti-corruption policies Policy framework, legal framework, strategies, coordination, and consultation processes Article 6: Independence of AC bodies Technical assistance to establish and strengthen oversight institutions Article 7: Civil service capacity-building Public sector reform Article 8: Code of conduct Promotion of integrity, honesty and responsibility among public officials Article 9: Public procurement and management of public finance Promote the introduction of a transparent effective system of public procurement and public finance management. Article 10: Public reporting Increasing demand for anti-corruption efforts: Media and civil society empowerment Article 12: Private sector Role of private sector in delivering social services Article 13: Civil society Social audit, citizens’ audit, and budget tracking

UNDP Mandates and UNCAC Figure: Interdependence of Cooperation to Prevent and Combat Corruption UNDP Mandates and UNCAC Figure: Interdependence of Cooperation to Prevent and Combat Corruption

Guidelines for AC-Programming Engage all relevant stakeholders (public, private, CSOs, judges) both in formulating Guidelines for AC-Programming Engage all relevant stakeholders (public, private, CSOs, judges) both in formulating programme and monitoring progress Get the process right (sufficient consultations, risk analysis, etc. ) Take into account the sustainability issue from the very beginning (Resources may be readily available for national initiative but hard to get enough resources for sectoral programme) Be realistic while developing a project/programme; programme should be knowledge-based. Design programme with realistic timeframe (e. g. , a lifespan of government) Note that prioritization and sequencing is important but it is context specific. If possible, conduct gap and risk analyses to find out entry points and to effectively prioritize and sequence interventions.

Guidelines for AC-Programming Adopt joint assistance strategies for better resource mobilization and coordination (e. Guidelines for AC-Programming Adopt joint assistance strategies for better resource mobilization and coordination (e. g. , working groups with donors and national counterparts) Incorporate countries national anti-corruption plans into development strategy documents (mainstreaming AC intervention into development efforts: Mongolia; Zambia) Sectoral approaches e. g. , education or justice could prove to be effective, but they should be a part of a broader strategy (not stand alone initiative from the prospective of sustaining AC initiative (e. g. , AC Commission Nigeria) Build upon the emphasis that corruption is a cross-cutting issue (this will give you more opportunities for programming) Seize the opportunities for AC intervention (the right time: after election; after regime change; post-scandal situation, postconflict) From the very beginning, be clear about the responsibility (who is going to be responsible for what)

Funding Sources Funding Opportunities from the evolving DG Practice Funding Sources Funding Opportunities from the evolving DG Practice

Funding Sources (contd. ) DG Thematic Trust Fund: http: //www. sdnp. undp. org/ttf/gov/ UNDP Funding Sources (contd. ) DG Thematic Trust Fund: http: //www. sdnp. undp. org/ttf/gov/ UNDP Anti-Corruption Global Programme (PACDE) (http: //practices. undp. org/democratic-governance) United Nations Democracy Fund (http: //www. un. org/democracyfund/ ) UNDP-Spain MDG Achievement Fund (http: //www. undp. org/mdgf/eligible. shtml ) Other multilateral and bilateral sources