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Amos Amos

A Brief Introduction to Prophetic Books A Brief Introduction to Prophetic Books

The Prophetic Books p The prophetic books are divided into the minor prophets and The Prophetic Books p The prophetic books are divided into the minor prophets and the major prophets p The minor prophetic books are also called The Twelve Books p The book of Amos is a minor prophetic book

Major Prophetic Books Isaiah p Jeremiah p Ezekiel p Daniel p Major Prophetic Books Isaiah p Jeremiah p Ezekiel p Daniel p

The Writing Prophets of the Divided Kingdom Stage Author Years of Ministry Dates (B. The Writing Prophets of the Divided Kingdom Stage Author Years of Ministry Dates (B. C. ) Destination Obadiah 10 850 - 840 Edom Jonah 35 785 - 750 Nineveh Nahum 30 650 - 620 Nineveh Amos 7 760 - 753 Israel (NK) Hosea 60 760 - 700 Israel (NK) Joel 7 841 - 834 Judah (SK) Isaiah 58 739 - 681 Judah (SK) Micah 35 735 - 700 Judah (SK) Zephaniah 20 640 - 620 Judah (SK) Habakkuk 3 609 - 606 Judah (SK) Jeremiah 52 627 - 575 Judah (SK) Lamentations --- 586 Judah (SK)

Who Was Amos? p Amos means “burden” or “borne” p Layman, shepherd, and tended Who Was Amos? p Amos means “burden” or “borne” p Layman, shepherd, and tended to fig trees p From Tekoa in Judah (Southern Kingdom) n About ten miles south of Jerusalem

Who Was Amos? (cont. ) p Amos wrote this book probably about 760750 B. Who Was Amos? (cont. ) p Amos wrote this book probably about 760750 B. C. , time during which he served as a prophet to Israel p This was the time during the reigns of Jeroboam II king of Israel and Uzziah (Azariah) king of Judah

Who Was Amos? (cont. ) p God gave him a vision of the future Who Was Amos? (cont. ) p God gave him a vision of the future p Told him to take His message to Israel (Northern Kingdom)

God’s Temperament in Amos p In Amos God is portrayed as a ferocious lion God’s Temperament in Amos p In Amos God is portrayed as a ferocious lion and a consuming fire p But even in anger God is merciful. He always warned his people before inflicting punishment upon them

God’s Judgment p God proclaims: “For three sins of _______, even for four, I God’s Judgment p God proclaims: “For three sins of _______, even for four, I will not turn back [my wrath]. ” p Sins of… n n n n Damascus (Aram) Gaza (Philistia) Tyre (Phoenicia) Edom Ammon Moab Judah Israel

God’s Reasons for Judgment p Because of God’s blessings, Israel had become rich and God’s Reasons for Judgment p Because of God’s blessings, Israel had become rich and prosperous- they became self-sufficient, greedy, corrupt, and unjust n 2 Kings 14: 23 -28 p They were cruel to and were oppressing the poor, even selling them into slavery p They also had a hypocritical religion- had turned away from God but still carried on religious traditions and worshiped idols

Amos’ Visions of Judgment p Swarm of locusts (7: 1 -3) n p Fire Amos’ Visions of Judgment p Swarm of locusts (7: 1 -3) n p Fire (7: 4 -6) n p God was preparing punishment upon Israel but he delayed it because Amos prayed that He have pity them God was preparing to devour Israel with fire but Amos intervened again Amos would pray saying: “Sovereign Lord, I beg you, stop! How can Jacob survive? He is so small!” (7: 2, 5)

Amos’ Visions of Judgment (cont. ) p Wall and plumb line (7: 7 -17) Amos’ Visions of Judgment (cont. ) p Wall and plumb line (7: 7 -17) n p Basket of ripe fruit (8: 1 -14) n p God would see if his people were crooked and, if they were, He would punish them The people were ripe for punishment; they were once beautiful but now they are rotten God standing by the altar (9: 1 -10) n Judgment would begin and punishment executed

Amos Gets Rejected p Amaziah, priest of Bethel, sent this message to Jeroboam: (7: Amos Gets Rejected p Amaziah, priest of Bethel, sent this message to Jeroboam: (7: 10 -11) n p “Amos is sending a conspiracy against you in the very heart of Israel. ” Amaziah said to Amos: (7: 12 -13) n “Get out you seer! Go back to the land of Judah. Earn your bread there and do your prophesying there. Don’t prophesy anymore in Bethel, because this is the king’s sanctuary and the temple of the kingdom. ”

Israel’s Restoration p Because Israel was a chosen people (3: 2) God punished them Israel’s Restoration p Because Israel was a chosen people (3: 2) God punished them for their sins and destroyed them. But God promised that he would not blot out their name completely. Some, the true believers, were saved p God’s covenant with David in 2 Samuel 7: 12 -16 stated that one of David’s descendants would always sit on his throne

Israel’s Restoration (cont. ) p The promise was not to be fulfilled by an Israel’s Restoration (cont. ) p The promise was not to be fulfilled by an earthly political leader, but by the Messiah, who would renew the spiritual kingdom and rule forever p 9: 11, 12 n “In that day I will restore David’s fallen tent. I will repair its broken places, restore its ruins, and build it as it used to be, so that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations that bear my name, ” declares the Lord, who will do these things.

Israel’s Restoration (cont. ) p 9: 15 n “They will plant Israel in their Israel’s Restoration (cont. ) p 9: 15 n “They will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have give them, ” says the Lord your God.

Themes p Everyone answers to God n n p God is in supreme control Themes p Everyone answers to God n n p God is in supreme control of all the nations Everyone is accountable to him Complacency and not acknowledging God n n n Do not congratulate yourself for present blessingsthey all come from God A complacent present may lead to a disastrous future A self-sufficient attitude may be your downfall

Themes (cont. ) p Oppressing the poor n n p God made all people, Themes (cont. ) p Oppressing the poor n n p God made all people, therefore to ignore the poor is to ignore those whom God loves and whom Christ came to save God wants us to help those in need, therefore we must act compassionately, and stop injustice Superficial Religion n n Simply participating in ceremony or rituals does not satisfy God wants heartfelt obedience and commitment