Скачать презентацию Americans vs the British Britain was first Скачать презентацию Americans vs the British Britain was first

9dae7638f9d0e7431efec36b25522490.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 38

Americans vs. the British • Britain was first to the game—and didn’t want competition! Americans vs. the British • Britain was first to the game—and didn’t want competition! • Britain forbade the export of textile machinery—and mechanics!—to America. • Samuel Slater sneaked out. . . (more to come) • To compete, the U. S. passed the protective tariff of 1816. . . And Francis Cabot Lowell helped the process along!

Samuel Slater: “Father of the Factory System” First spinning mill in RI, 1790 AKA: Samuel Slater: “Father of the Factory System” First spinning mill in RI, 1790 AKA: “Slater the Traitor”

The Lowell/Waltham System --farm girls dormitories, cultural activities in the evening, curfews, etc. Francis The Lowell/Waltham System --farm girls dormitories, cultural activities in the evening, curfews, etc. Francis Cabot Lowell’s town - 1814

Lowell in 1850 -40, 000 girls working by 1830 Lowell in 1850 -40, 000 girls working by 1830

Lowell Mill Lowell Mill

Lowell Girls Lowell Girls

New England Textile Centers: 1830 s New England Textile Centers: 1830 s

New England Dominance in Textiles New England Dominance in Textiles

The Early Union Movement Workingman’s Party (1829) * Founded by Robert Dale Owen and The Early Union Movement Workingman’s Party (1829) * Founded by Robert Dale Owen and others in New York City. • Early unions were usually local, social, and weak.

Resourcefulness & Experimentation p. Americans were willing to try anything. p. They were first Resourcefulness & Experimentation p. Americans were willing to try anything. p. They were first copiers, then innovators. 1800 41 patents were approved. 1860 4, 357 “ “ “

Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791 Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791

Eli Whitney’s Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle Eli Whitney’s Gun Factory Interchangeable Parts Rifle

Oliver Evans First automated flour mill First prototype of the locomotive Oliver Evans First automated flour mill First prototype of the locomotive

John Deere & the Steel Plow (1837) John Deere & the Steel Plow (1837)

Cyrus Mc. Cormick & the Mechanical Reaper: 1831 Cyrus Mc. Cormick & the Mechanical Reaper: 1831

Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph

Elias Howe & Isaac Singer 1840 s Sewing Machine Elias Howe & Isaac Singer 1840 s Sewing Machine

The “American Dream” z They all regarded material advance as the natural fruit of The “American Dream” z They all regarded material advance as the natural fruit of American republicanism & proof of the country’s virtue and promise. A German visitor in the 1840 s, Friedrich List, observed: Anything new is quickly introduced here, including all of the latest inventions. There is no clinging to old ways. The moment an American hears the word “invention, ” he pricks up his ears.

Cumberland (National Road), 1811 Cumberland (National Road), 1811

Erie Canal System Erie Canal System

Principal Canals in 1840 Principal Canals in 1840

Robert Fulton & the Steamboat 1807: The. Clermont Robert Fulton & the Steamboat 1807: The. Clermont

The “Iron Horse” Wins! (1830) 1830 13 miles of track built by Baltimore & The “Iron Horse” Wins! (1830) 1830 13 miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RR By 1850 9000 mi. of RR track [1860 31, 000 mi. ]

The Railroad Revolution, 1850 s p. Immigrant labor built the No. RRs. p. Slave The Railroad Revolution, 1850 s p. Immigrant labor built the No. RRs. p. Slave labor built the So. RRs.

Regional Specialization EAST Industrial SOUTH Cotton & Slavery WEST The Nation’s “Breadbasket” Regional Specialization EAST Industrial SOUTH Cotton & Slavery WEST The Nation’s “Breadbasket”

Changing Occupation Distributions: 1820 - 1860 Changing Occupation Distributions: 1820 - 1860

American Population Centers in 1820 American Population Centers in 1820

American Population Centers in 1860 American Population Centers in 1860

Irish Immigrant Girls at Lowell Irish Immigrant Girls at Lowell

National Origin of Immigrants: 1820 - 1860 Why now? National Origin of Immigrants: 1820 - 1860 Why now?

American View of the Irish Immigrant American View of the Irish Immigrant

Distribution of Wealth v v During the American Revolution, 45% of all wealth in Distribution of Wealth v v During the American Revolution, 45% of all wealth in the top 10% of the population. 1845 Boston top 4% owned over 65% of the wealth. 1860 Philadelphia top 1% owned over 50% of the wealth. The gap between rich and poor was widening!

 • Reform Era – Second Great Awakening – “Benevolent Empire” – Temperance Movement • Reform Era – Second Great Awakening – “Benevolent Empire” – Temperance Movement (To be discussed further in Ch. 11)