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American Wind Energy Association Wind Market Overview COG Renewable Energy Seminar June 22, 2005 Presentation by: Randall Swisher, Executive Director American Wind Energy Association
American Wind Energy Association • The National Trade Association representing the Wind Industry in the U. S. – Over 700 Business Members, including: • • • Turbine Manufacturers Component Suppliers Project Developers Electric Utilities Lawyers, Consultants, Investors, etc.
American Wind Energy Association Benefits of Renewables • Economic Development • Energy Cost Stability • Resource Diversity & Conservation • Environmental
American Wind Energy Association Renewable Technologies Aren’t All the Same • Applications are Different • Economics are Different • Market Barriers are Different
American Wind Energy Association Turbines: Different Sizes and Applications Small ( 10 k. W) • Homes (Grid-connected) • Farms • Remote Applications (e. g. battery changing, water pumping, telecom sites) Intermediate (10 -500 k. W) • Village Power • Hybrid Systems • Distributed Power Large (500 k. W – 5 MW) • Central Station Wind Farms • Distributed Power • Offshore Wind
American Wind Energy Association Different Types of Wind Power: Large Utility Power Plants Wind Farm Vermont Wind Farm Single Large Turbine Offshore Wind Farm Danish
American Wind Energy Association Different Types of Wind Power: Small Turbines Serve Individual Customers Water Pumper Customer-Owned Small Generator
American Wind Energy Association Different Types of Wind Power Individual Large Turbines for Municipal Needs Spirit Lake Schools, Iowa Traverse City, Mich. Utility
American Wind Energy Association Wind Power Isn’t Perfect • • • Wind Power output varies over time Wind Power can only meet part of your load Wind Power is location-dependent Wind Power is transmission-dependent Wind Power has environmental impacts. . . But Wind Power has a Great Future!
American Wind Energy Association Wind Is Growing Worldwide Global Wind Capacity More Than Tripled in Last Five Years 1. Germany: 16, 629 MW 2. Spain: 8, 263 MW 3. United States: 6, 740 MW 4. Denmark: 3, 117 MW 5. India: 3, 000 MW Global Cumulative Total Over 47, 300 MW by end of 2004 Source: AWEA’s Global Market Report
American Wind Energy Association Wind Has Hit Sustained Takeoff in the U. S. • 2005 will be a record year – about 2, 500 MW • 6, 740 MW now installed • Market fundamentals are strong – Wind’s Competitive Posture Strong and Improving • No Longer “Alternative Energy” – Growing Interest Within Financial Community – U. S. Should be World’s Largest Wind Market Over Next Decade • Consistent policy is key current constraint
American Wind Energy Association Inconsistent Policy Yields an “Up and Down” Market
American Wind Energy Association Driving Forces Behind Wind’s Growth in U. S. • Wind’s Steadily Improving Economics • State Policy • Gas Price Volatility • Utility Experience and Perspective • Environmental Issues
American Wind Energy Association Renewable Energy Standards ME: 30% by 2000 MT: 15% by 2015 MN: 19% by 2015 WI: 2. 2% by 2011 RI: 16% by 2019 MA: 4% by 2009 NY: 25% by 2013 NV: 15% by 2013 CA: 20% by 2017 IA: CO: 10% by 2015 2% by 1999 HI: 20% by 2020 AZ: 1. 1% by 2007, 60% solar NM: 10% by 2011 TX: 2. 7% by 2009 CT: 10% by 2010 NJ: 6. 5% by 2012 PA: 8% by 2020 MD: 7. 5% by 2014 • 19 state standards • Technology, vintage, credit trading, sunset, location eligibility requirements differ
American Wind Energy Association Wind Insures Against Fuel Price Risk • Platts “conservatively estimates that generating electricity from renewable sources can ultimately save consumers more than $5/MWh by eliminating fuel price risk”* *4/8/03 announcement re “Power Price Stability: What’s it Worth? ” Great River Energy
American Wind Energy Association Different Ways to Buy Renewable Energy • Rate Based as Part of Utility Portfolio • Green Pricing – No competition, monopoly utility offers customers choice of supporting wind power construction. • Green Marketing – In competitive market, customers empowered to choose service providers that contract to purchase renewables • Green Tags – Environmental attributes divorced from energy
American Wind Energy Association Wind Energy is the Star of the Green Market! Represents 93. 8%* of Green Power in the U. S. • • • Environmental Benefit Cost-Competitive Popular Visual Appeal Hydro and Gas Resources Complementary *Source: NREL, Sept. 2004
American Wind Energy Association Benefits of Wind: Environmental • Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions 30, 000 MW of wind energy in U. S. = 100 MMT/year cut in CO 2 emissions • Reduced Air Pollution 30, 000 MW of wind energy in U. S. = 250, 000 tons/year cut in NOx emissions • Reduced Water Pollution U. S. wind capacity at 30, 000 MW = reduced mercury emissions and healthier water for all Americans
American Wind Energy Association What is Wind’s Market Potential? • At least 20, 000 MW total installed by 2010 in U. S. • 6% of electricity supply by 2020 = 100, 000 MW of wind power installed by 2020 = a $150 billion market!
American Wind Energy Association What are the Barriers to a $150 Billion U. S. Wind Market? • Inconsistent Policy • Transmission constraints • Electric Industry Operational Rules • Siting
American Wind Energy Association Wind Development in the Mid-Atlantic • Siting often challenging • Projects often smaller • Wind speeds lower than Great Plains • Green Market Important
American Wind Energy Association Mid-Atlantic Wind Issues: Regional Collaboration is Essential • A Working Green Market in PJM Region – Implement a certificates-based energy tracking system – Green Power Standard Offer Service • Coherent Regional Policy – Regional RPS – Regional CO 2 cap & trade • Clean Air credits/allowances for renewables • Transmission expansion and rules • Thanks for leadership
American Wind Energy Association Contact AWEA www. AWEA. org [email protected] org Or write to American Wind Energy Association 1101 14 th Street NW, 12 th Floor Washington, DC 20005