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All about Chocolate “Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what All about Chocolate “Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re going to get. ” (Forrest Gump)

Overview (1) Facts (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Overview (1) Facts (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Prejudices and Truth Chocolate in everyday life Bibliography

Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and milk chocolate

Facts of Consumption Chocolate consumption in kilograms person and country Facts of Consumption Chocolate consumption in kilograms person and country

Facts of Consumption Facts of Consumption

Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and milk chocolate

Nutritional Information Per 100 grams Pure chocolate Milk chocolate White chocolate Protein (g) 4, Nutritional Information Per 100 grams Pure chocolate Milk chocolate White chocolate Protein (g) 4, 7 8, 4 8 Fat (g) 29, 2 30, 3 30, 9 Calories (kcal) 525 529 Calcium (mg) Magnesium (mg) 38 220 270 100 55 26

Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and Facts (1) Facts of Consumption (2) Nutritional Information (3) Difference between white chocolate and milk chocolate

Difference between white and milk chocolate White chocolate • Two kinds of white chocolate Difference between white and milk chocolate White chocolate • Two kinds of white chocolate not chocolate. • "Real" white chocolate = candy bark • Allergic to cocoa contains no cocoa. • Ingrediens (primarily): cocoa butter, sugar, milk and vanilla, without any cocoa flavoring Milk chocolate • by definition: less than 30% chocolate • Milk-chocolate-candy: primarily sugar + spices with almost no chocolate • Milk chocolate 12 cocoa beans • “Real” chocolate 99 cocoa beans Strictly speaking: chocolate is any product based 99% on cocoa solid and/or cacao fat

Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Truth (5) Chocolate in everyday life (6) Bibliography

History of Chocolate (1) Where does Cocoa come from? (2) Chocolate in Europe – History of Chocolate (1) Where does Cocoa come from? (2) Chocolate in Europe – Some Dates

Where does Cocoa come from? • First people who made chocolate were the Mayas Where does Cocoa come from? • First people who made chocolate were the Mayas and the Aztecs • They drank chocolate as a bitter and spicy beverage called “xocoatl” (“bitter water”) • Chocolate played an important role in their social and religious life • It symbolized life and fertility and was also used as medicine • It was a drink for wealthy and important people (royalty, priests, etc. ) • Cocoa beans were also used as money

History of Chocolate (1) Where does Cocoa come from? (2) Chocolate in Europe – History of Chocolate (1) Where does Cocoa come from? (2) Chocolate in Europe – Some Dates

Chocolate in Europe - Some Dates 1528: Hernán Cortéz returned to Spain with cocoa Chocolate in Europe - Some Dates 1528: Hernán Cortéz returned to Spain with cocoa beans and the formula for the chocolate drink 1615: The Spanish princess Anne of Austria married Luis XIII of France, so chocolate came to France 1657: A Frenchman opened the first “Chocolate House” in London became as popular as Coffee Houses

Chocolate in Europe - Some Dates 1674: The first solid chocolate in a stick Chocolate in Europe - Some Dates 1674: The first solid chocolate in a stick form had been sold End of 17 th century: chocolate came to Germany first pralines were made by a German cook a tax was imposed by Frederick I of Prussia 1792: A chocolate factory was opened in Berlin 1875: The first milk chocolate was put on the market

Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Truth (5) Chocolate in everyday life (6) Bibliography

Cocoa growing countries Cocoa growing countries

Cocoa Beans - The Raw Material Cocoa Beans - The Raw Material

Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans

Cocoa Beans - Roasting Cocoa Beans - Roasting

Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs

Nibs, Shell and Liquor Nibs, Shell and Liquor

Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs Step 3: cocoa powder

Cocoa Powder Cocoa Powder

Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs Flow Diagram of Chocolate Production Step 1: cocoa beans Step 2: shell and nibs Step 3: cocoa powder Step 4: plain chocolate

Chocolate + + Chocolate + +

Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Overview (1) Facts (2) History of Chocolate (3) Production of Chocolate (4) Prejudices and Truth (5) Chocolate in everyday life (6) Bibliography

Prejudices and Truth (1)Table of Prejudices and Truth (2) Advantages of plain, dark chocolate Prejudices and Truth (1)Table of Prejudices and Truth (2) Advantages of plain, dark chocolate

Table of Prejudices and Truth * *cheap massproduced chocolate # plain, dark chocolate Table of Prejudices and Truth * *cheap massproduced chocolate # plain, dark chocolate

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice migraine Reason large doses of tyramine Truth only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice migraine Reason large doses of tyramine Truth only small quantity

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only small quantity obesity sugar * a lot of sugar # less sugar no correlation *cheap, mass-produced chocolate # dark chocolate (> 70%)

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only small quantity obesity sugar * a lot of sugar # less sugar no correlation acne no correlation between acne and chocolate proved *cheap, mass-produced chocolate # dark chocolate (> 70%)

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only small quantity obesity sugar * a lot of sugar # less sugar no correlation acne no correlation between acne and chocolate proved tooth decay Tannin counteracts enzyme caries *cheap, mass-produced chocolate *lot of tannins # calcium and fluoride fortification # dark chocolate (> 70%)

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only small quantity obesity sugar * a lot of sugar # less sugar no correlation acne no correlation between acne and chocolate proved tooth decay Tannin counteracts enzyme caries allergy *cheap, mass-produced chocolate *lot of tannins # calcium and fluoride fortification allergy is rare (exception: traces of nuts) # dark chocolate (> 70%)

Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only Table of Prejudices and Truth Prejudice Reason Truth migraine large doses of tyramine only small quantity obesity sugar * a lot of sugar # less sugar no correlation acne no correlation between acne and chocolate proved tooth decay Tannin counteracts enzyme caries allergy addiction *lot of tannins # calcium and fluoride fortification allergy is rare (exception: traces of nuts) no evidence proved (only delight and desire) *cheap, mass-produced chocolate # dark chocolate (> 70%)

Prejudices and Truth (1) Table of Prejudices and Truth (2) Advantages of plain, dark Prejudices and Truth (1) Table of Prejudices and Truth (2) Advantages of plain, dark chocolate

Advantages of plain, dark chocolate Supports antioxidant effects Mood enhancer (aphrodisiac) Prevention of clogged Advantages of plain, dark chocolate Supports antioxidant effects Mood enhancer (aphrodisiac) Prevention of clogged arteries and heart attacks Raises serotonin and releases endorphins Rich of magnesium Prevent women of violent mood, heart disease and hypertension Cholesterol free Cholesterol furs up arteries

Overview (1) (2) (3) (4) Facts History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Prejudices and Overview (1) (2) (3) (4) Facts History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Prejudices and Truth (5) Chocolate in everyday life (6) Bibliography

Chocolate in everyday life (1) Chocolate in media 1. 1 advertising 1. 2 films Chocolate in everyday life (1) Chocolate in media 1. 1 advertising 1. 2 films (2) Quotation about Chocolate

Advertising Advertising

Advertising For adults filled with alcohol For children filled with milk cream Advertising For adults filled with alcohol For children filled with milk cream

Advertising For adults and kids “play, fun, tension and chocolate” German English Advertising For adults and kids “play, fun, tension and chocolate” German English

Films Films

Films Films

Chocolate in everyday life (1) Chocolate in media 1. 1 advertising 1. 2 films Chocolate in everyday life (1) Chocolate in media 1. 1 advertising 1. 2 films (2) Quotations about Chocolate

Quotations about Chocolate • There is nothing better than a good friend, except a Quotations about Chocolate • There is nothing better than a good friend, except a good friend with chocolate. (Linda Grayson, “The Pickwick Papers”) • It is not that chocolates are a substitute for love. Love is a substitute for chocolate. Chocolate is, let’s face it, far more reliable than a man. (Miranda Ingram) • Man cannot live on chocolate alone; but woman sure can. (unknown) • This guy found a bottle on the ocean, and he opened it and out popped a genie, and he gave him three wishes. The guy wished a million dollars and poof! there was a million dollars. Then he wished for a convertible, and poof! there was a convertible. And then, he wished he could be irresistible to all women … poof! He turned into a box of chocolates. (unknown)

Quotations about Chocolate • Chemically speaking, chocolate really is the world’s perfect food. (Michael Quotations about Chocolate • Chemically speaking, chocolate really is the world’s perfect food. (Michael Levine, nutrition researcher) • I have this theory that chocolate slows down the aging process. It may not be true, but do I dare take the chance? (unknown) • I never met a chocolate I didn’t like. (Deanna Troi in “Star Trek”) • Simply put … everybody has a price, mine is chocolate! (unknown)

Overview (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Facts History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Prejudices Overview (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Facts History of Chocolate Production of Chocolate Prejudices and Truth Chocolate in everyday life (6) Bibliography

Bibliography http: //www. cinetropic. com/chocolat/history. html (14. 01. 06) http: //www. fieldmuseum. org/chocolate/history. html Bibliography http: //www. cinetropic. com/chocolat/history. html (14. 01. 06) http: //www. fieldmuseum. org/chocolate/history. html (13. 12. 05) http: //www. chocolatemonthclub. com/chocolatehistory. htm (14. 1. 06) http: //www. library. thinkquest. org/J 0110012/history-ofchocolate 1. htm (13. 12. 05) http: //www. library. thinkquest. org/J 0110012/made. htm (13. 12. 05) http: //www. xocoatl. org/science. htm (18. 12. 05) http: //www. hawaiianchocolate. com/growing_chocolate_manufa cturing. html (16. 1. 06) http: //www. chokladkultur. se/english. htm (5. 01. 06) http: //www. cocoatree. org (14. 1. 06) http: //www. virtualchocolate. com/quotes. cfm (18. 12. 05) http: //www. infozentrum-schoko. de/fs 06_a. html (12. 01. 06)