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AKA- Now What?
Declaration of Independence dissolved bonds with England. Colonies no longer under English rule Colonies needed to have new form of government Continental Congress was temporary group with limited authority- but authority was not clearly defined.
1776 - following Declaration of Independence Continental Congress asked colonies to create their own governments separate from English Rule
Colonies created constitutions - frequently based on previous charters from the King. With new constitutions, colonies become independent soverign states- they have the authority to govern themselves
Under State Constitutions…. More people could votewhite males- over 21, who owned land -blacks- only in a few states (northern) - women- only in New Jersey (until 1807) Most followed VA’s lead and included “Bill of Rights” - did not want repeat of violations listed in Dec. of Ind. - protected individual rights freedom of speech, press, religion, trial by jury
By 1777, most colonies had created constitutionsbecoming states Congress needed a government to join the states together into some kind of unit-
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Passed by Congress November 15, 1777 Ratified by States March 1, 1781 Created weak central government - with limited power to govern the much stronger states
Articles of Confederation created very weak Government- Why? - learned from their past experiences with England - felt their rights had been abused by strong central government…. King George III and Parliament - were very concerned about protecting their liberties (rights) - under articles states had more power than Congress
Additionally. Government could print money, but so could all of the statesdifferent currencies created economic confusion
Government under A of C not a complete failure. . Plan to -deal with national debt -deal with arguments between states over competing land claims -promote growth of agriculture in ORV
Designated land North and west of Ohio River as NORTHWEST TERRITIORY Got States to donate land to National Gov’tstops their arguing over it Nat’l Gov’t could sell land to raise money to pay debts Needed boundaries or other structure to sell “lots”
Divided land into sections and townships. Based on squares. TOWNSHIP = square of 6 miles X 6 miles & contained 36 SECTIONS How big was 1 section?
Sections were 1 square mile 640 acres To be sold for no less than $1. 00 per acre Lots later sold as 1/2 sections - 320 acres 1 section was set aside for support of public schools.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Economic Depression -1780’s
Shays’ Rebellion shows us the Weaknesses Massachusetts farmers had hard time paying taxes imposed by state. Many farmers lost their farms for failure to pay state taxes. Daniel Shays led group of men in revolt against jails and courthouses to free debtors and destroy tax records.
Shays’ Rebellion shows us the Weaknesses (Cont’d) Led to calls for a Convention in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation and to strengthen the central gov’t