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AGE OF ABSOLUTE MONARCHS Time: 1550 -1715 AGE OF ABSOLUTE MONARCHS Time: 1550 -1715

Before we dive into the Kings and Queens, we need to know…. 1. What Before we dive into the Kings and Queens, we need to know…. 1. What does the term absolute mean? -Individual/draw picutre -Partner -Group -Class

Review…What makes a good leader? ? ? ? Review…What makes a good leader? ? ? ?

Question of the day……… What would make a monarch of this time period (15501700) Question of the day……… What would make a monarch of this time period (15501700) want absolute power?

Quick Write…. . . • How would you react or feel if you lived Quick Write…. . . • How would you react or feel if you lived in a country where ONE Supreme Ruler makes all the decisions about your life?

Most of Europe was consumed by One Supreme Monarch Most of Europe was consumed by One Supreme Monarch

What Makes them Absolute Monarchs? • Power comes from God • All King’s laws What Makes them Absolute Monarchs? • Power comes from God • All King’s laws are to be Obeyed • King is above the law, rules in any fashion they see fit and what suites them • Only they can change rules and only they can do as they wished

Scavenger Hunt • I will give you a clue • You will need with Scavenger Hunt • I will give you a clue • You will need with your partner to find this monarch in chapter 7 • Once you find them…Stand up and tell us where you found them

WHO AM I………. . I am the Virgin Queen. I defeated the Spanish Armada WHO AM I………. . I am the Virgin Queen. I defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. My kingdom was prosperous and enlightened during my 62 year reign!

Queen Elizabeth I (1553 -1603) Queen Elizabeth I (1553 -1603)

Ready…… • We are the pair of monarchs that had a glorious revolution into Ready…… • We are the pair of monarchs that had a glorious revolution into power! We had the first English Bill of Rights and granted an act of toleration for people to worship as they saw fit.

William and Mary (1689 -1702 William and Mary (1689 -1702

I am the sole czar that was responsible for building Russia into a grand I am the sole czar that was responsible for building Russia into a grand empire. I studied in the West to learn the ways of others and to enhance my people to be able to compete. I am GREAT!!!!

Peter the Great 1682 -1725 Peter the Great 1682 -1725

Other examples of Absolute Rulers • King Philip II of Spain 1527 -1598 Other examples of Absolute Rulers • King Philip II of Spain 1527 -1598

Fredrick the Great of Prussia 1740 -1786 Fredrick the Great of Prussia 1740 -1786

Catherine the Great of Russia 1762 -1796 Catherine the Great of Russia 1762 -1796

Last but not least……. • King Louis th) XIV (14 SUN KING! Last but not least……. • King Louis th) XIV (14 SUN KING!

Compare and Contrast: Page 214 #7 • Divide into leaders • Find out information Compare and Contrast: Page 214 #7 • Divide into leaders • Find out information about absolute monarchs • Report back to the class

Smart Start: 1. Why would King Philip want to invade England? 2. Examine both Smart Start: 1. Why would King Philip want to invade England? 2. Examine both maps on page 213 and 214 to help you answer question number 1.

Spanish Armada • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=k. Zk. VXx Tvw 5 g. As Spanish Armada • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=k. Zk. VXx Tvw 5 g. As • As you watch: – Take notes on what you learned – Need to have 5 -7 items.

Elizabeth: The Golden Age • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=5 X 1 GFr a__ZI Elizabeth: The Golden Age • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=5 X 1 GFr a__ZI • Golden Speech (1601): Used in different part of power point http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=RJMi 73 Wn. L 4 E • Students Read answered questions

Work time: • Worksheet • Resume • Study Guide • Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Speech Work time: • Worksheet • Resume • Study Guide • Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Speech page 215 – Questions #1 -3

Stop Section 2 Stop Section 2

Term of the Day: Autocracy • Government where the ruler has all the power Term of the Day: Autocracy • Government where the ruler has all the power • Decisions are made on what the leader thinks is the best for them –Social -Political -Economics

Protestant Reformation weakens the church and Belief in Divine it’s leader: Right= Monarchs The Protestant Reformation weakens the church and Belief in Divine it’s leader: Right= Monarchs The Pope get power from God Belief in government having total and unlimited power= Absolutism Power Centralized in One Absolute monarch Make up something an Absolute Monarch could do regarding religion if they wanted to. Make up something an an Absolute Ruler could do regarding military if they fashion if they wanted to to

Causes and Effects of the Age of Absolute Monarchs • Causes • Effects– Age Causes and Effects of the Age of Absolute Monarchs • Causes • Effects– Age of Exploration – Building projects – 3 G’s – Western Europe influence on Russia – Rise of new Cities – Reforms in politics – Building of armies – New governments – Reformation – Loss of power by – Renaissance nobility and – Revolts governments

Turmoil gives people wanting leadership of any sort • Inflation: Rising prices – Influx Turmoil gives people wanting leadership of any sort • Inflation: Rising prices – Influx of gold and silver from New World – Baby boom= demand for more land food • Witch Trials – Long tradition – Result of Reformation – Common people targeted (poor, women, widows)

Thirty Years’ War (pg. 217) 1618 -1648 • Calvinism rattles the foundation of religion Thirty Years’ War (pg. 217) 1618 -1648 • Calvinism rattles the foundation of religion belief • Catholics Vs. Calvinists • Germany in Ruins • Territorial motives also played a huge role • Involved all of Europe except England • End of Holy Roman Empire • Each could determine Religion

Absolute Power transfers to Revolution • Queen Elizabeth’s death in 1603, send England into Absolute Power transfers to Revolution • Queen Elizabeth’s death in 1603, send England into turmoil • People are lost, confused, and change of power leads to Rebellion • Golden Speech (1601): http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=RJ Mi 73 Wn. L 4 E

Why would the people Rebel? • Did Elizabeth not rule with authority? • What Why would the people Rebel? • Did Elizabeth not rule with authority? • What was the reign of Elizabeth like? • Why does change of power equal revolution?

Go over pause and reflect PART A: Stuarts and Divine Right FACTS: SUMMARY: Go over pause and reflect PART A: Stuarts and Divine Right FACTS: SUMMARY:

JAMES I • Believed in Divine Right of the Kings – Obey and answer JAMES I • Believed in Divine Right of the Kings – Obey and answer to ONLY GOD!! – Parliament (like a congress) thought the Parliament and the King Ruled together

Religious Factor: Describe the Picture Religious Factor: Describe the Picture

Puritans • Protestants in England Inspired by Calvin • Disagreed with the Church of Puritans • Protestants in England Inspired by Calvin • Disagreed with the Church of England: James I was very forceful in defending it • Formed the Lower House of Parliament (House of Commons) • Now wise to disregard their beliefs and opinions • Puritans were well-to-do landowners

Massachusetts Bay Company • Puritans (Protestants inspired by Calvinism) decided to leave England • Massachusetts Bay Company • Puritans (Protestants inspired by Calvinism) decided to leave England • Create a new land that would be religious tolerant (but only that of Puritan belief) • 1620 Came and landed in New England (USA)

From Father to Son • Charles I: Believed in the same format of running From Father to Son • Charles I: Believed in the same format of running his country • Changed his mind on Taxes: First he agreed “No taxes unless we all agree”, but then changed his mind. WHY? • Great Migration (Puritans fleeing to America)

Clip: Charles I • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=f_c. KHx. I wt. AY Clip: Charles I • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=f_c. KHx. I wt. AY

Part B: Civil War and the Commonwealth • FACTS: • SUMMARY Part B: Civil War and the Commonwealth • FACTS: • SUMMARY

ALL FOR GOD! • Charles I tried to impose more rituals on the Puritans ALL FOR GOD! • Charles I tried to impose more rituals on the Puritans • Puritans migrated to America • Great Migration: 20, 000 came from 1630 -1640

DISCONTENT LEADS…. • Civil War 1642 Parliament Vs. King – Supporters of the war=Cavaliers/royalist DISCONTENT LEADS…. • Civil War 1642 Parliament Vs. King – Supporters of the war=Cavaliers/royalist (People with the King) – Non-supporters=Roundheads (Short hair) People for Parliament

Oliver Cromwell • Leader of the Roundheads • Doing it for GOD (Similar to Oliver Cromwell • Leader of the Roundheads • Doing it for GOD (Similar to King’s motive) • Destroyed any opposition (Charles I executed) • Declared England: Commonwealth • Abolished the Monarchy

Cromwell Goes on Power Spree “ It is you that have forced me to Cromwell Goes on Power Spree “ It is you that have forced me to do this, for I have sought upon the Lord night and day that He would slay me rather than put upon me the doing of this work” Describe how he is a Absolute Ruler.

Clip • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=y. G 37 j. N 7 wc. ZE Clip • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=y. G 37 j. N 7 wc. ZE

Part C: The Restoration • FACTS: • SUMMARY: Part C: The Restoration • FACTS: • SUMMARY:

Restoration of the Monarchy • Charles II (16601685) • Sympathetic to Catholics • Two Restoration of the Monarchy • Charles II (16601685) • Sympathetic to Catholics • Two Groups form in revolt: Tories and the Whigs • Charles dismissed parliament

James II (1685 -1689) • Devote Catholic • Named and promoted Catholics to high James II (1685 -1689) • Devote Catholic • Named and promoted Catholics to high powerful positions • First two children=Protestant • Third Child (son)=Catholic • Parliament not happy • Invite=William of Orange (James’s daughter’s hubby) To invade England

PART D: GLORIOUS REVOLTUION • FACTS: • SUMMARY: PART D: GLORIOUS REVOLTUION • FACTS: • SUMMARY:

Glorious Revolution 1688 -1689 • Hardly any bloodshed • James II=old • 1689= William Glorious Revolution 1688 -1689 • Hardly any bloodshed • James II=old • 1689= William and Mary become the new monarchs of England • English Bill of rights • Religious Toleration= for all BUT CATHOLICS! • Ends monarchs in England to obtain Divine Right!

Now, let’s get to the real King! • You will need to Read pages Now, let’s get to the real King! • You will need to Read pages 223 -226 • STOP @ Absolutism in Central Europe and EASTERN EUROPE • You will need to complete notes using the – PAUSE AND REFLECT STRATEGY – Use your example from the previous section to help you create one for this section