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ADJECTIVES By students 4 AKD group Khodynskaya Maria Khramova Helen
2. Staticdynamic John was working on the problem all day (dynamic), but not John was knowing the problem (static)
Dynamic adjectives: Brave Careful Disagreeable Foolish Good Funny Helpful Kind Loyal Nice Noisy Shy Stubborn Stupid Vulgar etc.
3. Gradablenon-gradable The maker of the comparative degree is –er and of the superlative degree is – est and article the in front of the superlative form of an adj. Tall – taller – tallest
Monosyllabic and disyllabic adjective ends in –y, -ow, -er, -ie take the inflected forms of the comparative and superlative degree. Narrow – narrower – narrowest
Spelling rules that should be remembered when forming the comparatives and the superlatives: 1. If a monosyllabic adjective ends in a constant, this constant is doubled in the comparatives and the superlatives forms. Fat – fatter – fattest
2. If the base ends in a mute –e or in –ee, e is dropped before the inflection: Grave – graver – gravest Free – freer – freest
3. If the disyllabic adj. ends in –y which is preceded by a consonant, -y is replaced by –i in the comparatives and the superlatives forms. Happy – happier – happiest
NOTE: if –y is preceded by a vowel, it remains unchanged: grey – greyer – greyest
When the adj. denotes a lower intensity of a particular property in the referent, it is preceded by less in the comparative degree and the least in the superlative degree: Tall – less tall – the least tall Dirty – less dirty – the least dirty
Polysyllabic adj. take periphrastic forms of the comparative and the superlative degrees: for the comparative degree we use -more, for the superlative –most. Important – more important – most important
Good – better – the best Well (healthy) – better – the best Bad – worse – the worst Many – more – the most Much – more – the most Little (+ noncount) – less – the least
Far – farther – the farthest (distances) Far – further – the furthest (another) Old – older – the oldest Old – elder – the eldest (family)
Most inherent adj. do not permit either inflected or periphrastic comparative and the superlative forms: This woman is Frencher than that one. This is the Frenchest woman that I know.