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ADJECTIVES By students 4 AKD group Khodynskaya Maria Khramova Helen ADJECTIVES By students 4 AKD group Khodynskaya Maria Khramova Helen

2. Staticdynamic John was working on the problem all day (dynamic), but not John 2. Staticdynamic John was working on the problem all day (dynamic), but not John was knowing the problem (static)

Dynamic adjectives: Brave Careful Disagreeable Foolish Good Funny Helpful Kind Loyal Nice Noisy Shy Dynamic adjectives: Brave Careful Disagreeable Foolish Good Funny Helpful Kind Loyal Nice Noisy Shy Stubborn Stupid Vulgar etc.

3. Gradablenon-gradable The maker of the comparative degree is –er and of the superlative 3. Gradablenon-gradable The maker of the comparative degree is –er and of the superlative degree is – est and article the in front of the superlative form of an adj. Tall – taller – tallest

Monosyllabic and disyllabic adjective ends in –y, -ow, -er, -ie take the inflected forms Monosyllabic and disyllabic adjective ends in –y, -ow, -er, -ie take the inflected forms of the comparative and superlative degree. Narrow – narrower – narrowest

Spelling rules that should be remembered when forming the comparatives and the superlatives: 1. Spelling rules that should be remembered when forming the comparatives and the superlatives: 1. If a monosyllabic adjective ends in a constant, this constant is doubled in the comparatives and the superlatives forms. Fat – fatter – fattest

2. If the base ends in a mute –e or in –ee, e is 2. If the base ends in a mute –e or in –ee, e is dropped before the inflection: Grave – graver – gravest Free – freer – freest

3. If the disyllabic adj. ends in –y which is preceded by a consonant, 3. If the disyllabic adj. ends in –y which is preceded by a consonant, -y is replaced by –i in the comparatives and the superlatives forms. Happy – happier – happiest

NOTE: if –y is preceded by a vowel, it remains unchanged: grey – greyer NOTE: if –y is preceded by a vowel, it remains unchanged: grey – greyer – greyest

When the adj. denotes a lower intensity of a particular property in the referent, When the adj. denotes a lower intensity of a particular property in the referent, it is preceded by less in the comparative degree and the least in the superlative degree: Tall – less tall – the least tall Dirty – less dirty – the least dirty

Polysyllabic adj. take periphrastic forms of the comparative and the superlative degrees: for the Polysyllabic adj. take periphrastic forms of the comparative and the superlative degrees: for the comparative degree we use -more, for the superlative –most. Important – more important – most important

Good – better – the best Well (healthy) – better – the best Bad Good – better – the best Well (healthy) – better – the best Bad – worse – the worst Many – more – the most Much – more – the most Little (+ noncount) – less – the least

Far – farther – the farthest (distances) Far – further – the furthest (another) Far – farther – the farthest (distances) Far – further – the furthest (another) Old – older – the oldest Old – elder – the eldest (family)

Most inherent adj. do not permit either inflected or periphrastic comparative and the superlative Most inherent adj. do not permit either inflected or periphrastic comparative and the superlative forms: This woman is Frencher than that one. This is the Frenchest woman that I know.