- Количество слайдов: 13
Action Plan To Upgrade All Informal Settlements In Dar Es Salaam By 2015 Sub-Saharan Africa – Tanzania CDS/Slum Upgrading Dar es Salaam City Council and the three municipalities of Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke are taking comprehensive steps to address the challenges of unplanned and unserviced settlements on a citywide basis, working with the urban poor and the private sector with a goal of achieving a Dar es Salaam without slums by 2015. Summary Objectives Activities § Review and operationalise urban upgrading policies and design a Citywide Action Plan for the regularisation and upgrading of unplanned and unserviced settlements in Dar es Salaam; § Enable local government to adopt and implement reforms necessary to effect a city-wide approach and strengthen existing community capacity to organise and undertake broad-based initiatives to enhance poverty reduction and urban safety; § Design a long-term sustainable financing strategy for settlement upgrading, to maximise Dar es Salaam's leveraging potential through a judicious mix of budgetary support, domestic investment, new revenue streams and international assistance. Submission Submitted by: Dar Es Salaam City Council CA Sponsor: UN-Habitat, World Bank; with Sida, CIDA & French Co-operation § Stakeholder consultations (with NGOs, CBOs, local authorities, national Government and private sector) to identify priorities and develop a Citywide Action Plan for upgrading interventions, including phasing, costing and financing options, and capacity building needs; § Social and physical mapping of unplanned and unserviced settlements; § Targeted capacity building for the City and three Municipalities; § Ensuring linkages between Citywide Action Plan and World Bankfinanced Community Infrastructure Upgrading Programme; § Develop a sustainable financing strategy with relevant institutions and stakeholders. Hold resource mobilisation sessions. Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: UNHabitat, Dar Es Salaam City Council, Three Municipalities CA Monitor: W. Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 360, 000 $ 410, 000 $ 770, 000 Duration: 36 months Expected Impact and Results (i) Social and physical mapping will provide a comprehensive overview of the challenge of settlements upgrading in Dar es Salaam; (ii) An Action Plan that defines priorities, which will be widely shared with the urban poor; (iii) Local authorities will be able to implement upgrading and regularisation programmes and allocate new serviced land; and communities will be able to organise themselves for collective action in collaboration with local authorities; and (iv) Financial mechanisms for citywide upgrading will be in place, with local, national and international financial resources required for large-scale upgrading identified.
Housing Upgrading Finance Initiative Slum Upgrading Sub-Saharan Africa – Multi-Country The overall objective of this activity is to facilitate the development of appropriate housing finance products to support upgrading activities in four African countries. Summary Objectives Activities § To facilitate improved lending to low-income households in select countries, through identifying the essential features of a supportive policy environment; § To promote improved understanding between lenders and borrowers, including respective rights and responsibilities; § To identify specific mechanisms for improving access to savings and credit; § To identify and/or design appropriate non-mortgage based vehicles for reaching the urban poor. § Establish housing finance fora to facilitate dialogue between a wide spectrum of financial intermediators; § Identify and analyse regulatory frameworks impacting on the upgrading of informal settlements and lending activities; § Establish a dialogue between housing fora and national government departments; § Generate an accurate assessment of scale and location of informal settlements, and develop a lending profile of inhabitants; § Develop demand-driven housing finance products appropriate to local contexts. Submission Submitted by: African Union for Housing Finance CA Sponsor: World Bank, USAID, Af. D Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: World Bank CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 246, 600 $ 140, 000 $ 386, 600 Expected Impact and Results § Development of appropriate housing finance products to support upgrading programmes in the four countries; § Development of new relationships / partnerships between housing finance institutions and municipalities; § Identification of necessary improvements to regulatory frameworks. Duration: Two years
Integrated Approaches to Poverty Reduction – Cities Without Slums Initiative East Asia and the Pacific – Philippines Slum Upgrading This initiative will provide assistance to local governments in institutionalising an asset-based approach to poverty reduction. Summary Objectives Activities § Assist local governments in the implementation of national upgrading policy; § Provide for extensions of, and linkages to, ADB and World Bank investments; § To institutionalise the process and lessons through the Philippines Urban Forum; § Assist the poor to obtain access to secure tenure, essential services and livelihood opportunities; § Assist the Philippines Government to meet targets set by the Millennium Development Goals. § The shelter and upgrading component will assist local government units and communities to instiutionalise a citywide process; § The social development component will assist access to services and the strengthening of social networks; § The income security component will utilise a variety of strategies to foster improved livelihood opportunities; § The policy learning component will strengthen project monitoring arrangements and facilitate improved policy analysis. Submission Submitted by: Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: ADB, UN-Habitat, World Bank Implemented by: UN-Habitat CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: Expected Impact and Results § § Improved income generation for local communities; Improvements in housing conditions, and improved asset base for urban poor residents; Improved access to social services, including children’s access to education; Improved professional competence of affected local governments. $ 500 000 $1, 225 000 $1, 725, 000 Duration: Two years
Transformation of Mumbai into a World Class City CDS/Slum Upgrading South Asia – India Summary This proposal is to support the process of transformation of Mumbai into a world-class city with the objective of improving economic growth, reducing poverty and enhancing quality of life, especially for slum dwellers. Objectives Activities § Promote a change in mind set from incremental improvement to more long-term impacts; § Restructure institutional framework to promote accountability, with efficient and responsive service delivery; § Increase economic growth from current 2. 4% to 8 -10% per annum; § Improve and expand mass and private transport infrastructure; § Dramatically increase low-income housing and affordability; and relocate and rehabilitate slums and pavement dwellers; § Create dedicated “Mumbai Infrastructure Fund”; § Generate momentum through “quick wins” for visible impacts on the ground. § Build city-based consensus for proposed transformation including public and political support; § Implementation of ‘quick wins’, including rehabilitation of eligible pavement dwellers; § Analysis of existing institutional, policy and financing frameworks and development of proposals for necessary reforms; § Develop a comprehensive strategy for improving slum conditions; § Develop a sustainable implementation framework including staffing and financing framework to achieve the transformation; § Develop long-term and comprehensive set of actions required for the transformation sought. Submission Submitted by: Government of Maharashtra Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: World Bank, USAID, WSP, UMP (UNDP/UN-Habitat) Implemented by: Gov’ t of Maharashtra CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 495, 000 $ 4, 195, 000 $ 4, 690, 000 Duration: 24 months Expected Impact and Results The long-term impact of the transformation will be to create a world-class city, with success to be measured through increased economic growth, improved quality of life, including for eligible pavement and sum dwellers, increased participation of citizens and civic society in the transformation process and increased productive investments. As Mumbai is one of the largest cities in the country, any positive changes that occur are expected to breed success in other cities, positively impacting the urban fabric of the country and the region.
Hyderabad City-Wide Slum Upgrading Action Plan Slum Upgrading South Asia – India This initiative aims to develop an agreed, costed and timetabled action plan for citywide upgrading of the city’s under-serviced settlements, to enable Hyderabad to become a ‘city without slums’. Summary Objectives Activities § Undertake a citywide survey of slums and informal settlements and prepare a strategy and action plan for their upgrading; § Ensure a needs-based prioritisation of slum upgrading, including using approaches that have been developed by the DFIDsupported Andhra Pradesh Urban Services for the Poor programme; § Gather information on status of land tenure of settlements, obtain valid information on new settlements and the options for new inmigrants and extended family members of existing slums residents. § A city-wide survey of slums and informal settlements; § A classification of slum types based on land tenure and settlement history, physical vulnerability with an analysis of options to improve security of tenure for the residents; § Preparation of a draft analytical report on citywide options for slum upgrading, including cost implications and options for cost sharing or innovative financing mechanisms; § Consultation on strategic options and drafting of an Action Plan by a multi-stakeholder Task Force. Submission Submitted by: Commissioner, Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: World Bank, JICA, UMP (UN -Habitat), the Netherlands, USAID, DFID Implemented by: Admin. Staff College of India CA Monitor: Billy Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 180, 700 $ 233, 500 $ 414, 200 Duration: 12 months Expected Impact and Results (i) Encourage allocations for slum upgrading both under APURMS and through the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad’s own budget resources, to prioritise investment in the poorest and most service deficient settlements in the city (ie. needs-based). (ii) The enhancement of land tenure security for slum residents is likely to result in increased own investment in habitat improvement. (iii) The Strategic Analysis Report and its wide discussion, should encourage difficult decisions to be taken by the city and State authorities enabling a consensus Action Plan for citywide upgrading and slum regularisation to be adopted.
PPP for Provision of Sanitation Services in La Cabima Slum Upgrading Latin America and the Caribbean - Panama To design and implement a community-managed and sustainable sanitation system in La Cabima, within the framework of a city-wide programme, for possible replication throughout Panama. Summary Objectives Activities § To improve the quality of life and health conditions for the urban poor through a sustainable approach to sanitation; § To protect the watershed supplying some 50% of Panama City’s water; § To protect the quality of fresh water used by the Panama Canal transit, which is the primary source of national income; and § To protect the Pacific Ocean Coastal Zones of the Gulf of Panama. Submission Submitted by: Ministry of Health CA Sponsor: USAID & UNEP In Phase 1, a detailed feasibility study, incorporating: §Community survey, including capacity to pay; §Identification of options; §Design of a sustainable financial model; §Identification of a management structure; §Identification of appropriate land for a treatment site; and §Undertaking of an environmental impact assessment. In Phase 2, investment funds will be accessed from a variety of sources, public and private, and the approach will be utilised for replication elsewhere in the country. Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: To be determined CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 500, 000 $ 2, 052, 500 $ 2, 552, 500 Expected Impact and Results § Improvement in the daily living conditions of the residents of La Cabima, including decline in health problems; § Improvement in the water quality for Panama City, and decline in the levels of pollution; § Demonstrated financial viability and sustainability of a community-managed sanitation system. Duration: 24 -36 months
National Urban Development Policy Latin America and the Caribbean - Brazil Summary Slum Upgrading Although Brazil has over 20 years of experience in urban upgrading programmes for precarious settlements developed by municipalities, States and the Federal Government itself, it is not yet ready to respond with the necessary actions on land tenure regularisation and risk prevention. This proposal aims to develop and promote a planning methodology and instruments to encourage action at the municipal level for land tenure regularisation and risk mitigation as part of the National Programme of Upgrading, Regularisation and Integration of Informal Settlements. Objectives Activities § Structure and implement a national network on land tenure regularisation and risk prevention in precarious settlements to establish a space for public discussion and preparation of proposals for intervention; § Develop methodologies and strategies for risk prevention and land tenure regularisation, focused on local government representatives and community leaders, through stages of conception, preparation and practical implementation and evaluation of manuals and training courses; § Develop a methodology for the planning of the structural interventions for risk prevention in areas of municipal jurisdiction. § Formation of a National Network of Land Tenure Regularisation and Risk Prevention in Precarious Settlements, which will consider and revise federal legislation on land planning and regularisation; § Based on past experiences of capacity building, establish a set of regional institutions for training local stakeholders on land tenure regularisation and risk assessment and prevention; § Building upon the training activities, design municipal risk mitigation plans, to be piloted in five municipalities. Submission Submitted by: National Secretary for Urban Programs, Ministry of Cities CA Sponsor: World Bank, UNHabitat, Italy Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: World Bank CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 500, 000 $ 782, 000 $ 1, 282, 000 Duration: 18 months Expected Impact and Results The consolidation of the actions of “prevention and mitigation of risks in precarious settlements” and “sustainable land tenure regularisation”, included in the Ministry of Cities’ Urban Programme for Regularisation and Integration of Precarious Settlements is expected to result in: the inclusion of land tenure regularisation and risk prevention in municipal policies of urban development; the development of planning activities for risk reduction; reduction of irregular land tenure and of risk; and a system for monitoring and evaluating actions of risk prevention and sustainable land tenure regularisation.
Medium to Long Term CDS for LED for Hodeidah and Mukalla Middle East and North Africa - Yemen Summary CDS The Government of Yemen intends to transform its strategic port cities into regional centres of economic growth by creating environments conducive to private sector investment and development. The positive results of the current CDS in Aden have encouraged the local authorities of Hodeidah and Mukalla to join the efforts of transforming their traditional master plan-oriented urban planning approaches. Objectives Activities To develop a medium to long-term strategy for local economic development to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life in both cities. The strategy will include an action plan for equitable growth, developed and sustained through stakeholders' participation. § Establishing an adequate organizational structure for CDS implementation § Analysis and mobilisation of local stakeholders; § Analysis of the state of the city economy, including local revenue streams and actual competitive advantages; § Development of a long-term vision; § Elaboration of strategies and activities; and § Evaluation of the progress and outcomes against the stated goals. Submission Submitted by: Governors of Hodeidah and Mukalla Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: World Bank, UNHabitat Implemented by: World Bank, AUDI CA Monitor: Peter Palesch Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 200, 000 $ 157, 500 $ 357, 500 Duration: 24 months Expected Impact and Results The proposed activity will integrate the cities’ social, economic and environmental interests. Among the impacts the medium to long term strategy for local economic development aims to achieve are: enhanced living standards of the citizens of Hodeidah and Mukalla; balanced regional and sectoral growth; and giving the poor a voice in the determination of their cities’ future development as well as the creation of a positive investment climate.
Partnership Framework Agreement for Cities Without Slums Programme Middle East and North Africa - Morocco Summary Slum Upgrading The Framework Agreement sets the foundations for a Cities Alliance partnership with Morocco’s Ministry of Housing and Urban Development for the support and monitoring of the Government’s national Cities Without Slums Programme which aims to gradually upgrade slums (200, 000 households by 2010), taking the city as the programming unit, within a contractual framework between the State and local authorities. Objectives Activities § Lay the foundations for a Cities Alliance-Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (MHU) partnership for the support and monitoring of the Cities Without Slums Programme (CWSP); § Provide advice and technical assistance to the MHU during implementation of the CWSP, and assist the MHU in the follow-up and evaluation of the Programme; § Mobilise international support and national private investment for the CWSP; § Help disseminate lessons learned by the Government in connection with the CWSP. § Draft a comprehensive technical assistance and training plan, create a Slum Observatory, and establish a Technical Monitoring Committee to ensure coordination and follow-up of CWSP implementation; § Support to local stakeholders and intersectoral development structures, including support for the creation of a ‘Cities Without Slums’ agency within the Directorate for Low-Income Housing and Real Estate; § Use of information professionals and the media to design an Information and Communication Plan to share lessons of Morocco’s CWSP experience with other countries. Submission Submitted by: Minister in Office of PM responsible for Housing and Urban Development Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: USAID, UN-Habitat, AFD, World Bank Implemented by: NENA/Urban Forum & Holding Al Omrane CA Monitor: W. Cobbett Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 490, 000 $ 525, 000 $ 1, 015, 000 Duration: Five to six years Expected Impact and Results § Slum upgrading initiatives under the CWSP target 51 cities and 141, 850 households, with a total investment of $7. 4 million, including $3. 3 million from the State and $4 million from client households.
Establishing a Regional CDS Facility at AUDI, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Middle East and North Africa - Regional Summary CDS There is a growing demand by cities in the MENA region to implement city development strategies. The proposal by the Arab Urban Development Institute (AUDI) to establish a regional CDS Facility fills a critical need to assist towns and cities of the MENA region in mobilising resources and partners for the implementation of CDS. Objectives Activities § Build the capacities of MENA cities and professionals in CDS related activities; § Serve as a regional centre for CDS-related knowledge management, serving MENA cities, professionals, and research institutions; § Assist MENA cities to prepare CDSs financed either entirely from national/local resources, or partially through external grants and/or loans, which AUDI would seek to mobilise as co-financing through regional donors and local governments; § Assist MENA cities in identifying and recruiting regional or international consultants. § Enhance knowledge sharing and connectivity among policy makers and practitioners; § Three regional workshops intended to familiarise cities and to build local capacities in the CDS approach; § Assist interested and committed cities in initiating and preparing CDSs; § Engage local media and encourage participatory processes with civil society and the private sector; § Document the lessons learned from each CDS and share them within the region. Submission Submitted by: Arab Urban Development Institute (AUDI) CA Sponsor: World Bank Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: AUDI CA Monitor: Peter Palesch Request to CA: Co-financing: Total Budget: $ 250, 000 $ 190, 000 $ 440, 000 Duration: Time: 2 years Expected Impact and Results § The Facility will be an effective tool in emphasising to policy makers in many cities the importance of having a development strategy to guide the city's development if effective results are to be attained; § The interaction the proposed Facility will create amongst local officials in cities throughout the region will foster a competitive spirit and incite decision makers in MENA cities to improve the status of their cities compared to others in the region; § More cities will be able to develop their own development strategies.
Capacity Enhancement for Direct Sub-Sovereign Borrowing Global Urban Finance The proposal aims to bridge the capacity and information gaps that create barriers to direct financial market access by urban local bodies (ULBs) by assisting four public infrastructure entities in: (1) preparing a financing plan and (2) in obtaining local and foreign currency credit ratings from a recognised rating agency. Summary Objectives Activities § To enhance financial market access through the design of a financing plan and local and foreign currency ratings for four public infrastructure entities (PIEs); § Enhance direct access to private finance for PIEs, thereby making fiscal resources available for governments to pursue their socioeconomic growth and poverty alleviation programmes; § Enable PIEs to make sustained financial contributions within public investment components of PPP structures, leading to the long-term viability of such partnerships in infrastructure development and finance; § Compile and disseminate the lessons learned. § Structuring financing plans for four PIEs; § Provide technical assistance to the PIEs for acquiring a local and foreign currency credit rating; § Prepare case studies on the four PIEs and disseminate the lessons learned by organizing a Workshop. Submission Submitted by: Infrastructure Economics and Finance Department (World Bank) Budget and Time Implementation CA Sponsor: World Bank, USAID Implemented by: IEF CA Monitor: K. Rajivan Request to CA: $ 75, 000 Co-financing: $ 1, 325, 000 Total Budget: $ 1, 400, 000 Duration: 14 months Expected Impact and Results (1) Contribute towards the development of pioneering instruments for bridging the barriers of urban local bodies to access capital markets. (2) Such instruments would support direct lending and credit enhancements to PIEs without the requirement of sovereign guarantees.
Slum Upgrading Facility (SUF) Pilot Programme Slum Upgrading Global - Sub-Saharan Africa and South/East Asia Summary The Slum Upgrading Facility (SUF) aims to become a dedicated, simple to access, support mechanism for cities seeking access to financing for citywide slum upgrading programmes. Conceived as a programme managed by UN-HABITAT under its core subprogramme on human settlements financing, the SUF is proposed for adoption as a programme under the umbrella of the Cities Alliance similar to arrangements for the Community-Led Infrastructure Financing Facility. Objectives Activities § To directly support the efforts of national governments and local authorities that have already made the decision to take decisive action to improve the conditions of their poorest residents, and which treat slum upgrading as part of their ongoing, core business; § Provide technical assistance for project preparation and capacity building at a local level and be able to provide catalytic grant support and seed capital; § Join up technical and financial resources in an innovative and project-driven manner. § A design phase, to enable the development of a project pipeline and the establishment of partnerships on the ground that will accelerate the pilot phase; § Field test a small number of projects with selected city and/or national governments in Sub-Saharan Africa and South/East Asia. Submission Submitted by: DFID CA Sponsor: UN-Habitat, Sida, DFID Budget and Time Implementation Implemented by: UN-Habitat CA Monitor: William Cobbett Request to CA: $ 20, 000 Co-financing: $ 10, 500, 000 Total Budget: $ 30, 500, 000 Duration: 3 Years Expected Impact and Results The activities of the SUF will lead to the development of sustainable financing mechanisms, budgetary, policy and regulatory reform; deepen local capital markets that are so necessary for slum upgrading; and provide downstream opportunities for new forms of output-based aid approaches.
Municipal Finance Task Force Urban Finance Global Summary The proposal aims to establish a municipal finance task force (MFTF) to assist cities and national governments in identifying actions that facilitate the flows of long-term domestic private capital for investments in slum upgrading and implementation of city development strategies. Objectives Activities § To identify measures to increase the flow of domestic long-term debt finance for support of slum upgrading and city development strategies in developing economies; § To provide a framework for cities and national governments to facilitate debt flows; § To add to existing knowledge by pooling experiences and drawing out lessons learnt from actual municipal finance and private capital mobilisation. § To assemble experts and practioners willing to donate their time to the work of the Task Force; § To prepare discussion/guidance papers by drawing on the expertise of members; § To prepare case studies of developing cities, countries or transactions where long-term private capital has been successfully mobilised in support of a city’s development; § To prepare a Municipal Finance Tool kit, based on the ideas developed in the guidance papers and case studies. Submission Budget and Time Implementation Submitted by: CA Sponsor: USAID, DFID, AFD, Brazil, UN-Habitat, World Bank, UCLG, ADB Implemented by: IADF CA Monitor: K. Rajivan Request to CA: $ Co-financing: $ Total Budget: $ 302, 000 150, 000 452, 000 Duration: Two Years Expected Impact and Results The guidance papers and tool kits prepared by the Task Force will help developing cities to be better able to mobilise long-term private capital for their slum upgrading programmes and implementation of their city development strategies.