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Acids & Bases They are everywhere. . In your food In your house EVEN Acids & Bases They are everywhere. . In your food In your house EVEN IN YOU!!!!!

Acid and Bases Introduction Acid and Bases Introduction

Acid and Bases Introduction Acid and Bases Introduction

Acid and Bases Introduction Acid and Bases Introduction

What is an acid? § An acid is a solution that produces H+ ions What is an acid? § An acid is a solution that produces H+ ions in water. It comes from the Latin word acidus that means "sharp" or "sour". § The more H + ions, the more acidic the solution.

Properties of an Acid § § § Picture from BBC Revision Bites http: //www. Properties of an Acid § § § Picture from BBC Revision Bites http: //www. bbc. co. uk/schools/ks 3 bitesize/science/chemistry/acids_b ases_1. shtml § Tastes Sour Conduct Electricity Corrosive, which means they break down certain substances. Many acids can corrode fabric, skin, and paper Some acids react strongly with metals to produce hydrogen gas Some acids react with carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas Turns blue litmus paper red (“Blue to REd, a-CID”) p. H less than 7

Uses of Acids § Acetic Acid = Vinegar § Citric Acid = lemons, limes, Uses of Acids § Acetic Acid = Vinegar § Citric Acid = lemons, limes, & oranges. It is in many sour candies such as lemonhead & sour patch. § Ascorbic acid = Vitamin C which your body needs to function. § Sulfuric acid is used in the production of fertilizers, steel, paints, and plastics. § Car batteries

What is a base? § A base is a solution that produces OH- ions What is a base? § A base is a solution that produces OH- ions in water. § Another word for base is alkali.

Properties of a Base § Feel Slippery, soapy § Taste Bitter, chalky § Corrosive Properties of a Base § Feel Slippery, soapy § Taste Bitter, chalky § Corrosive (when talking about bases you usually say, caustic) § Can conduct electricity. (Think alkaline batteries. ) § Do not react with metals. § Turns red litmus paper blue. (“Basic Blue”) § p. H greater than 7

Uses of Bases § Bases give soaps, ammonia, and many other cleaning products some Uses of Bases § Bases give soaps, ammonia, and many other cleaning products some of their useful properties. § The OH- ions interact strongly with certain substances, such as dirt and grease. § Chalk and oven cleaner are examples of familiar products that contain bases. § Your blood is a basic solution.

p. H Scale § p. H is a measure of how acidic or basic p. H Scale § p. H is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is. • The p. H scale ranges from 0 to 14. § Acidic solutions have p. H values below 7 § A solution with a p. H of 0 is very acidic. § A solution with a p. H of 7 is neutral. • Pure water has a p. H of 7. • Basic solutions have p. H values above 7.

p. H Scale • A change of 1 p. H unit represents a tenfold p. H Scale • A change of 1 p. H unit represents a tenfold change in the acidity of the solution. • For example, if one solution has a p. H of 1 and a second solution has a p. H of 2, the first solution is not twice as acidic as the second—it is ten times more acidic.

p. H testing § There are several ways to test p. H § Blue p. H testing § There are several ways to test p. H § Blue litmus paper (red = acid) § Red litmus paper (blue = basic) § p. H paper (multi-colored) § p. H meter (7 is neutral, <7 acid, >7 base) § Indicators like phenolphthalein (colorless, but turns pink=base), congo red (blue=acid) § Natural indicators like red cabbage, grape juice, strong tea

Paper testing § Paper tests like litmus paper and p. H paper § Put Paper testing § Paper tests like litmus paper and p. H paper § Put a stirring rod into the solution and stir. § Take the stirring rod out, and place a drop of the solution from the end of the stirring rod onto a piece of the paper § Read and record the color change. Note what the color indicates. § You should only use a small portion of the paper. You can use one piece of paper for several tests.

Acid – Base Reactions § A reaction between an acid and a base is Acid – Base Reactions § A reaction between an acid and a base is called neutralization. An acid-base mixture is not as acidic or basic as the individual starting solutions.

Acid – Base reactions § Acids react with bases to form a salt and Acid – Base reactions § Acids react with bases to form a salt and water. § Each salt listed in this table can be formed by the reaction between an acid and a base.