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A VISION OF THE INTELLIGENT SHIP Justin Norman, Strategic Research Centre - Land & A VISION OF THE INTELLIGENT SHIP Justin Norman, Strategic Research Centre - Land & Sea Team The Digital Ship Hamburg, 18. 3. 2015 © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc The information in this document is the property of Rolls-Royce plc and may not be copied or communicated to a third party, or used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied without the express written consent of Rolls-Royce plc. This information is given in good faith based upon the latest information available to Rolls-Royce plc, no warranty or representation is given concerning such information, which must not be taken as establishing any contractual or other commitment binding upon Rolls-Royce plc or any of its subsidiary or associated companies. Trusted to deliver excellence

Fundamental Changes in Shipping Historic changes: – – – From sail to steam Coal Fundamental Changes in Shipping Historic changes: – – – From sail to steam Coal to diesel Introduction of the container ship Cross Atlantic airflights (end of the ocean liners) etc. What will be the most fundamental changes in shipping during your career? © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Trends © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman Trends © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Ship Intelligence © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman Ship Intelligence © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Ship Intelligence - Customer value Energy saving Maintenance cost Availability Revenue optimization Safety Usability Ship Intelligence - Customer value Energy saving Maintenance cost Availability Revenue optimization Safety Usability © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Data we are logging Product usage specific data Vessel Operational Performance Data Vessel Position Data we are logging Product usage specific data Vessel Operational Performance Data Vessel Position Data Selection of Control Systems data Environmental data Vibration, Oil monitoring (particles, moisture), speed, load, steering angle © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Fuel and efficiency specific data Product condition specific data (temp, pressures, etc. ) Other available data: RCI data, safety records, Doc Library, maintenance data, ERP/Baan/SAP data, Design data from Justin Norman. PLM, test records, service reports

Data usage today Offerings to customers: • • • Equipment health monitoring services Energy Data usage today Offerings to customers: • • • Equipment health monitoring services Energy management services Marine Care offerings (predictive maintenance) Operational performance reporting at customer request. Input to Onboard Vessel Optimization functionalities. Data analytics to build vessel and fleet performance optimization consultancy business © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Unified Bridge © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman 8 Unified Bridge © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman 8

o. X – Personal Preferences 1. Adjusting workstations 2. Adjusting HUD graphics © 2015 o. X – Personal Preferences 1. Adjusting workstations 2. Adjusting HUD graphics © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman 9

o. X – Augmented Reality 1. Augmented Navigation 2. Adjusting HUD graphics © 2015 o. X – Augmented Reality 1. Augmented Navigation 2. Adjusting HUD graphics © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman 10

o. X – Situation Awareness 1. Augmented Assistance 2. Remote Operated Sub-Systems © 2015 o. X – Situation Awareness 1. Augmented Assistance 2. Remote Operated Sub-Systems © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman 11

A Vision of the Intelligent Ship Unmanned Remote Controlled Ships Making ship transport more A Vision of the Intelligent Ship Unmanned Remote Controlled Ships Making ship transport more efficient and safe! © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

The Market Pull 13 • Reduction in manning costs • No deckhouse => reduced The Market Pull 13 • Reduction in manning costs • No deckhouse => reduced weight, drag & hotel load => fuel savings • More cargo, potential for slow steaming Recruitment and retention Emissions reduction Safer seafaring © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

The Market Push Other unmanned vehicles: • Airplanes • Helicopters • Cars • Trains The Market Push Other unmanned vehicles: • Airplanes • Helicopters • Cars • Trains and subways • Submarines • ROV: s • Offshore installations • . . . It is not if, but when. . . Marine is only following todays trend! © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Crew Trends Crew size for ocean going ships ? © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Crew Trends Crew size for ocean going ships ? © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

The machine…. Interpreting Autonomy The vessel…. Offers no alternative actions Identifies obstacles in vessel’s The machine…. Interpreting Autonomy The vessel…. Offers no alternative actions Identifies obstacles in vessel’s path ? Communicates all feasible actions Assesses risk to safe passage ? Narrows choice of actions Prioritises potential collision hazards ? Recommends action Suggests heading change ? Executes action once approved Changes heading once approved ? Executes action unless vetoed Applies collision avoidance regulations ? Executes action then informs human Evades an imminent collision hazard ? Informs only if requested Decides whether to inform human Ignores human Sheridan's Levels of Autonomous Decision-Making © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman Candidate vessel navigation functions 16

Remote Controlled Ships - Features No deck house More cargo New possibilities • New Remote Controlled Ships - Features No deck house More cargo New possibilities • New machinery locations • Novel machinery types • Better cargo handling • Etc… No hotel systems Communications • Water production • Water heating • AC • Sewage treatment • Etc… • Ship-to-shore • Ship-to-ship • IT security • Etc… Lower costs Better weight distribution Redundant machinery Lower LWT Lower power demand • Lower resistance from reduced LWT • Lower hotel load • Etc… © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

ROADMAP for Unmanned Ships © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman ROADMAP for Unmanned Ships © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman

Key Development Areas Communications Remote control centre • Ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship • Communication infrastructure Key Development Areas Communications Remote control centre • Ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship • Communication infrastructure • Data filtering and processing • Operations management • Situational awareness interface • Human interaction interface Operation optimization • Fleet optimization • e-Navigation and route optimization • Performance management • Decision support systems Health & safety management Remote controlled systems • Machinery, propulsion and auxiliary systems • Cargo handling and payload systems • Mooring • Ship level integration of functions © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc • Remote diagnostics and predictive maintenance • Reliability and redundancy • Safety and security systems Justin Norman Situational awareness systems • Obstacle detection, classing and tracking • Near field path planning and execution • Environmental condition monitoring • Situational awareness interfacing with remote control center

International Regulatory Obstacles 2015 2020 SOME EXAMPLES OF CONFLICTS WITH PRESENT INTERNATIONAL RULES AND International Regulatory Obstacles 2015 2020 SOME EXAMPLES OF CONFLICTS WITH PRESENT INTERNATIONAL RULES AND REGULATIONS 2025 S SOLA 2 1 Ch. IV EG COLR Pt. A-B S SOLA g Re Ch. V 22, , 11, 14 … , 33, 44 2030 2035 S, SUA Art. 3 -8 GMDD Ship ation egistr R ntion Conve es Load lin Ax. 1 UE EISS R ? STCW 2024 Ch. III 9 - ILO C 17 180 ISPS code UNCLOS Art. 94, e, ISM Cod E SALVAG Ch. 2 ion n trat atio inis trol l ce con ni avig p oxy adm ntro gn idan ng r o & an dia dee epi ore e. P y co avo ym ng -ke ery -sh p se ner ous n tori ner ion ridg i in ip ch B is ni ee m io chi ach mo wat coll t ide d sh te d ono ma ate te m ote mo ine te m Aut naviga re-s leet ote o o m F ch Re Sho em uto Rem a Rem Ma Rem A R se ng tori cs osti o o o o © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman o o o

Potential Timeline For Ship Concepts 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Adoption of the technologies Potential Timeline For Ship Concepts 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Adoption of the technologies and functionalities towards autonomy is likely to start from locally operating vessels COASTAL CARGO SHIP AUTONOMOUS OCEAN GOING CARGO SHIP SEMI-AUTONOMOUS OCEAN GOING CARGO SHIP CABLE FERRY ion n trat atio inis trol l ce con ni avig p oxy adm ntro gn idan ng r o & an dia dee epi ore e. P y co avo ym ng -ke ery -sh p se ner ous n tori ner ion ridg i in ip ch B is ni ee m io chi ach mo wat coll t ide d sh te d ono ma ate te m ote mo ine te m Aut naviga re-s leet ote o o m F ch Re Sho em uto Rem a Rem Ma Rem A R se ng tori cs osti o o o o © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman o o o

The most fundamental change in shipping: Unmanned ships Ship Intelligence is the main technology The most fundamental change in shipping: Unmanned ships Ship Intelligence is the main technology trend! © 2015 Rolls-Royce plc Justin Norman