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A Look Inside the White House 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Washington, DC Created for Johnson School First and Second Grade Students
THE WHITE HOUSE 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is one of the most famous addresses in the world. It has been home and official workspace to every American president since the year 1800. For over two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency, the United States government, and the American people.
The White House Complex includes the Executive Residence, the West Wing, the East Wing, and the gardens. Nearby is the Old Executive building. The White House has 132 rooms, including 16 family-guest rooms, 1 main kitchen, 1 diet kitchen, 1 family kitchen, and 35 bathrooms.
Sections of the White House Executive Residence Ground Floor • includes cloakrooms, a china room, the kitchen, and a library State Floor • includes Oval Blue Room, East Room, Red Room, Green Room, State Dining Room. Second Floor • includes the private rooms of the President Third Floor • consists mainly of guest rooms and staff quarters West Wing • • • Oval Office and offices of senior staff with room for about 50 employees Cabinet Room White House Situation Room James S. Brady Press Briefing Room Roosevelt Room Old Executive Office Building East Wing • • • Offices and staff of the First Lady White House Social Office Presidential Emergency Operations Center
THE GROUND FLOOR This floor houses several official rooms including the Diplomatic Reception Room, Library, China Room, Map Room, and Vermeil Room.
Diplomatic Reception Room The Diplomatic Reception Room is one of three oval rooms. It is used as an entrance from the South Lawn, and a reception room foreign ambassadors
The Library The White House Library is used for teas and meetings by the President and First Lady. John Adams, the first President to live in the White House, used this room as a laundry room. It continued to be used as a laundry until 1902 when President Theodore Roosevelt had the White House renovated.
The China Room is the room that displays the White House's collection of state china. The room is primarily used by the First Lady for teas, meetings, and smaller receptions.
The Map Room was created during the Nixon administration and takes its name from its use during World War II, when it was used as a high security situation room where maps were consulted of the war's progress.
The Vermeil Room houses a collection of gilt silver tableware called vermeil, a 1956 bequest to the White House by Margaret Thompson Biddle. Portraits of American First Ladies hang in the room
THE STATE FLOOR The State Floor is used for official entertaining and ceremonial functions. The following rooms are found on the State Floor: Entrance Hall, Cross Hall, East Room, Green Room, Blue Room, Red Room, State Dining Room, Family Dining Room, and the Chief Usher's office.
Entrance Hall and Cross Hall The Entrance Hall (also called the Grand Foyer) is the primary and formal entrance. The room is rectilinear in shape. The Cross Hall is a broad hallway. The room is used for receiving lines following a State Arrival Ceremony on the South Lawn, or a procession of the President and a visiting head of state and their spouses.
The East Room is used for entertaining, press conferences, ceremonies, and occasionally for a large dinner. The White House's oldest possession, the 1797 Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington hangs in the East Room.
The Green Room is used for small receptions and teas. During a state dinner guests are served cocktails in the three state parlors before the president, first lady, and visiting head of state descend the Grand Staircase for dinner. The room is traditionally decorated in shades of green.
The Blue Room is distinct for its oval shape. The room is used for receptions, receiving lines, and is occasionally set for small dinners.
The Red Room has served as a parlor and music room, and recent presidents have held small dinner parties in it. It has been traditionally decorated in shades of red.
The State Dining Room is the larger of two dining rooms on the State Floor. It is used for receptions, luncheons, and larger formal dinners called State Dinners for visiting heads of state. The room seats 140 guests.
The Family Dining Room is used for smaller, more private meals. Today the President uses the Family Dining Room less for family and more for working lunches and small dinners. Family dinners are more often served on the second floor in the President's Dining Room.
The Second Floor contains the private living apartments of the president and first family. The following rooms are found on the Second Floor: Yellow Oval Room, Treaty Room, President's Dining Room, Lincoln Bedroom, Lincoln Sitting Room, Queens' Bedroom, Queens' Sitting Room, Center Hall, East Sitting Hall, and West Sitting Hall. The Truman Balcony is also located on this floor. Four private bedrooms and a dressing room are reserved for the president. Different presidents have used various rooms as their bedroom.
The Yellow Oval Room was first used as a drawing room by John Adams. It has been used as a library, office, and family parlor. Today the Yellow Oval Room is used for small receptions and for greeting heads of states immediately before a State Dinner.
The Treaty Room is a part of the first family's private apartments, and is used as a study by the president.
The President’s Dining Room The President's Dining Room was created in 1961 during the administration of John F. Kennedy to provide a dining room in the First Family's residence. The room had previously been used as a bedroom and sitting room. The President's Dining Room is adjacent to a small kitchen, and servicable by a dumbwaiter connecting it to the main kitchen on the ground floor.
The Lincoln Bedroom is named for Abraham Lincoln and was used by him as an office. The room is best known as a guest room used by presidents to reward friends and political supporters.
The West Wing is the location of the Oval Office, Cabinet and Roosevelt Room.
The Oval Office is where the president meets with foreign leaders, and some of the most formal speeches are given and televised in this oblong shaped office. No matter what furniture or paintings are chosen in the office, two items must remain in place behind the desk of every president: the American flag and the Presidential flag.
The Cabinet Room is the meeting room for the cabinet secretaries and advisors serving the President. The body is defined as the United States Cabinet. The Cabinet Room looks out upon the White House Rose Garden.
The Roosevelt Room is a meeting room located almost in the center of the West Wing. The room is named for two related U. S. presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Marine One Helicopter Marine One is the call sign of any United States Marine Corps aircraft carrying the President. A Marine Corps aircraft carrying the Vice President is designated Marine Two.
Old Executive Building The Eisenhower Executive Office Building was formally known as the Old Executive Office Building, and originally was built as the State, War, and Navy Building.
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