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6 th FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY 6. 3 - GLOBAL CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS Nitro. Europe 6 th FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY 6. 3 - GLOBAL CHANGE AND ECOSYSTEMS Nitro. Europe IP The nitrogen cycle and its influence on the European greenhouse gas balance

Context: Resource and delivery The Resources NEU, COST 729, ESF Nin. E, … ¨ Context: Resource and delivery The Resources NEU, COST 729, ESF Nin. E, … ¨ Cluster: European Transboundary Nitrogen Activity (ETNA) ¨ Delivery target audiences European Commission ¨ International Conventions: WGs and negotiations ¨ International Nitrogen Initiative (INI): European Nitrogen Centre (ENC) ¨ Education and local stakeholders ¨

Multi-pollutant interactions for nitrogen Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) Further NO & N 2 Multi-pollutant interactions for nitrogen Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) Further NO & N 2 O Nitric oxide (NO) NH 4 NO 3 in precipitation Ammonia (NH 3) Nitrate leaching NO 3 - Nitrate in streamwaters Abatement may swap one pollutant for another in the nitrogen cascade

UNEP CBD SEBI 2010 UNEP CBD SEBI 2010

Nitro. Europe IP n What is the effect of reactive nitrogen supply on the Nitro. Europe IP n What is the effect of reactive nitrogen supply on the direction and magnitude of net greenhouse gas budgets for Europe? n Effect of N on GHG balance: Positive effect Unclear N 2 O (inc. 2’ sources) uptake in plants Cattle CH 4 wetlands n Negative effect C SOM decomposition To what extent would a more-integrated management of the N-cycle and its interactions with the C-cycle have potential to reduce greenhouse gas and Nr emissions simultaneously?

The Nitro. Europe IP n 6 core science components … n … plus 4 The Nitro. Europe IP n 6 core science components … n … plus 4 supporting components C 7. Standards and Data Management C 8. NEU Management C 9: NEU Training C 10: NEU Dissemination

Partner Involvement n Funded partners: 65 institutions, inc 7 INCO. Steering and Core Partners Partner Involvement n Funded partners: 65 institutions, inc 7 INCO. Steering and Core Partners (leading groups, integration) ¨ Major Partners (key deliverables) ¨ Funded Associate Partners (extend the ERA) ¨ n Involvement of unfunded associate partners Mutual sharing of information ¨ Clear acceptance criteria, by Activity ¨ Associate Partners not unlimited: to maintain manageability and science excellence ¨ Obvious interaction with COST 729 ¨

Component 1: NEU Flux Network Tiered structure: n Level 3 (“Super Sites”): N and Component 1: NEU Flux Network Tiered structure: n Level 3 (“Super Sites”): N and GHG fluxes: Core Measurements + Special Topics. Includes high cost micromet methods and process analysis. n Level 2 (“Regional Sites”): Basic N and GHG flux monitoring, e. g. COTAG, simple cuvettes n Level 1 (“Inferential Sites”): Basic N air concentration measurements at 50 CO 2 flux sites. e. g. DELTA low cost denuders.

NEU Flux & Manipulation Networks 13 Level 3 Super Sites 9 Level 2 Regional NEU Flux & Manipulation Networks 13 Level 3 Super Sites 9 Level 2 Regional Sites 50 Level 1 Inferential Sites 22 Core Manipulation Sites 14 Assoc. Manipulation Sites

NEU Flux Network Sites in Climate Space NEU Flux Network Sites in Climate Space

Component 2: NEU Manipulation Component 2: NEU Manipulation

Component 3: NEU Plot Modelling Component 3: NEU Plot Modelling

Component 4: NEU Landscapes Overlays: • Fields, farmsteads: source areas • Forest & shrub: Component 4: NEU Landscapes Overlays: • Fields, farmsteads: source areas • Forest & shrub: sink areas • Local hydrological dispersion • Local atmospheric dispersion • Farm decision making units • Conservation decision units

Landscapes integrate multiple spatial scales relevant for multi-pollutant assessment Farmsteads Farm units (fields & Landscapes integrate multiple spatial scales relevant for multi-pollutant assessment Farmsteads Farm units (fields & buildings) Water dispersion Atmospheric dispersion

Component 5: NEU Integration Component 5: NEU Integration

Remaining problem areas in 2020 Light blue = no risk Health - PM Health+vegetation Remaining problem areas in 2020 Light blue = no risk Health - PM Health+vegetation - ozone Vegetation – N dep. IIASA, Amann Forests – acid dep. Semi-natural – acid dep. Freshwater – acid dep.

Component 6: NEU Verification Component 6: NEU Verification

NEU Data Management System NEU Data Management System

Lots to do! n Started 1 February 2006 First General Assembly: Garmisch, March 2006 Lots to do! n Started 1 February 2006 First General Assembly: Garmisch, March 2006 n Synergy with other activities, e. g. COST 729, Nin. E, INI n e. g. joint workshops on cross-cutting activities. ¨ database development and sharing information ¨ A mechanism for disseminating policy interactions and communicating with stakeholders ¨ … ¨ n n http: //www. nitroeurope. eu [email protected] ac. uk

ESF – Research Network Programme Nitrogen in Europe (Nin. E) n n n Running ESF – Research Network Programme Nitrogen in Europe (Nin. E) n n n Running for 5 years, started March 2006 Aims to integrate European research and researchers Delivering an assessment report of the state of European nitrogen, sources, transformations and impacts, as well as establishing a basis to recommend future solutions

COST Action 729 Assessing and managing nitrogen fluxes in the atmospherebiosphere system in Europe COST Action 729 Assessing and managing nitrogen fluxes in the atmospherebiosphere system in Europe ¨ ¨ ¨ Combining knowledge of various research areas to provide a scientific basis for an integrated approach to nitrogen management; requiring knowledge on: The formation of reactive nitrogen and the resulting emissions to the atmosphere Transport, transformation and deposition Integrated assessment modelling Policy analysis and support www. cost 729. org