- Количество слайдов: 7
3 THE TOURIST TRADE. Choose the correct adjective. 1 I am a bit tired / exhausted. 2 This exercise is absolutely impossible/ difficult. 3 It was rather cold/freezing outside. 4 Her exam results were absolutely awful / bad. 5 It´s quite warm / boiling today. 6 My father was extremely angry /furious when he noticed my tatoo. 7 What he said was absolutely ridiculous/funny. 8 We were completely happy / overjoyed when we heard the news.
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) PRESENT PERFECT simple/ Predprítomný jednoduchý pravid. slov. -ed HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE (trpné príčastie: napísaný, predaný) nepr. slov. – 3. tvar + ? He has (He´s) done his homework. He hasn´t done his homework. Has he done his homework?
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) Predprítomý čas spája minulosť s prítomnosťou. (Začína v minulosti a má nejaký dopad na prítomnosť). VYJADRUJE: - deje nedávno ukončené He has just gone out. (Práve odišiel) - životnú skúsenosť (ever, never, always, occasionally, often, several times. . . ) This is the first time I´ve been to London. (Som prvý raz v Londýne. ) My mum has never travelled by plane. (Moja mama nikdy necestovala lietadlom). Have you ever fallen off a horse? (Už si niekedy spadol z koňa? ) - deje, ktoré majú dôsledok na prítomnosť John has had a bad car crash. (He is still in hospital. ) John mal ťažkú nehodu. (Je stále v nemocnici)
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) - deje, ktoré sa odohrajú v neukončenom časovom úseku (this morning/afternoon/evening/week/month/year/century) I haven´t seen Tom this afternoon. (Dnes popoludní som Toma ešte nevidel) I´ve had a lot of bad luck recently/lately. (Nedávno som mal smolu). - deje, ktoré začali v minulosti a stále trvajú He has lived here all his life. (Býva tu celý život. ) - s výrazmi since + začiatok deja / for + trvanie deja They have been here since two o´clock. (Sú tu od druhej. ) They have been here for two hours. (Sú tu už dve hodiny) I´ve worked here since I left school. ( Pracujem tu od skončenia školy)
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) - s výrazom yet Has he come yet? (Prišiel už? ) He hasn´t come yet. (Ešte neprišiel) - v otázkach s how long How long have you known her? (Ako dlho ju poznáš? ) PAST SIMPLE ( Minulý jednoduchý) Pravidelné slovesá: -ed Nepravidelné slovesá: 2. tvar + He worked hard last week. He bought a new car yesterday. - He didn´t work. . He didn´t buy. . . . ? Did he work hard. . ? Did he buy a new car. . . . ?
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) Používa sa: - Na vyjadrenie dejov ukončených v minulosti (pomocou časových výrazov: yesterday, last week, two days ago) I met him yesterday. (Stretol som ho včera). I didn´t like spinach when I was a child. - v otázkach s when When did you come back? - keď z kontextu vyplýva, že sa dej odohral v minulosti The train was ten minutes late.
3 A Your holiday, my job (Vaša dovolenka, moja práca) Match the correct parts of sentences A B 1 She lived in Rome for a long time A I hate it 2 I have never eaten sea food B Maria Callas sing? 3 My father has worked in a bank C but she is living in London now. 4 Did you ever hear D and he is still working there. 5 I didn´t eat see food E he retired last year. 6 Have you ever heard F when I was younger 7 My father was in the army for 20 years, G Peter Dvorsky sing?