- Количество слайдов: 45
3/20/2014 Model Policies
3/20/2014 This presentation has been based largely on the Underage Drinking Enforcement Training Center’s Power. Point presentation “Outlet Density. ”
3/20/2014 Presentation Objectives • To teach a process for creating policy change such as the Social Host Law • To suggest for your consideration several municipal & corporate policies geared toward reducing underage drinking & other alcoholrelated problems
3/20/2014 Policy Change The Process for Creating Policy Change 1. Collect data 2. Identify problem 3. Identify solution 4. Identify allies & opposition 5. Educate & persuade
3/20/2014 Social Host Law A good example of policy change! When and how did Oklahoma’s social host law come into being?
3/20/2014 Underage Drinking Together We Can Make a Difference
3/20/2014 Social Host Law
3/20/2014 What is a social host law? A social host law forbids a person who owns or controls (e. g. leases or is steward over) a premises to allow underage people to drink alcohol on said premises. Adults or minors may be charged with violations of this law.
3/20/2014 Why is a social host law necessary? Too many youth are drinking: (lifetime use) 28 % of 6 th-graders 67 % of 10 th-graders 51% of 8 th-graders 75% of 12 th-graders Most youth obtain and drink alcohol on private property.
3/20/2014 “Mom Accused of House Party for Kids!”
3/20/2014 Model Policies • • Control of outlet density Conditional use permits “Deemed approved” ordinances Noisy assembly policies
3/20/2014 Model Policies • • Parks & recreation policies Special event policies Alcohol sponsorship policies Alcohol advertisement policies
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density What is outlet density? • It’s the concentration of alcohol retailers in a geographic area or to a specific population. • e. g. 10 retailers / sq. mi. 10 retailers / 1, 000 residents
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density Why should we control outlet density? • The higher the outlet density, the easier it is for underage persons to obtain alcohol. • The higher the outlet density, the higher the consumption rate among adolescents • Outlet density is significantly related to a neighborhood’s level of alcohol harm, esp. violence.
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density Q: Why should we control outlet density? A 4: Over-concentration of outlets reduces economic diversity in a neighborhood
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density Q: Why should we control outlet density? A 5: Making it less attractive to potential residents or customers (and thus also to businesses).
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density Q: Why should we control outlet density? A 6: How do you want your neighborhood to look?
3/20/2014 Controlling Outlet Density How can we regulate outlet density? • Through licensing (business, liquor, &/or tax licenses). • Through zoning.
3/20/2014 Applying the Process 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Collect data Identify problem Identify solution Identify allies & opposition Educate & persuade
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Collect data • # of on-site retailers • # of off-site retailers • # of specialty licensees • Plot them on a map. Also plot schools, churches, or other places youth may frequent.
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Collect data • • • Police reports Sales to minors (compliance checks) Social host violations Minors in possession Property damage Assaults (physical & sexual)
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Collect data § § Place of last drink (POLD) report, generated by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Useful tools may include the: *Freedom of Information Act, governmental agencies (e. g. , ABLE, OK Tax Commission, ODMHSAS) *computer-aided dispatch systems, zoning documents, mapping software, graduate students
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Identify problem Identify solution • To prevent a specific outlet? • To prevent outlets in a particular neighborhood?
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Identify allies • Recruit community members (esp. key stakeholders) to advocate to governmental authorities. • Recruit governmental authorities themselves (e. g. , city councilmen).
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Identify opposition • Discover why they oppose the policy change. Ø Philosophical? Ø Monetary? Ø Other? • Address their concerns.
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Educate & persuade • Fact sheets • Letters to the editor • Forums • Press conferences / media events • Social media
3/20/2014 Applying the Process Educate & persuade * Treat the opposition with respect. Consider their points of view seriously. Be patient. Remember…
3/20/2014 “There’s more than one way to skin a cat. ”
3/20/2014 Conditional Use Permits (CUPs) A special zoning permit that allows a local jurisdiction to place conditions on the location, design, and operation of any type of commercial activity Example: News Article: Ozaukee Press; Port Washington WI 3 -19 -2014 Kwik Trip wins Ok second time Plan Commission clears way for proposed fueling station, convenience store In a reversal to a hotly contested decision made last year, the Village of Saukville Plan Commission voted last week to approve conditional-use permits that clear the way for the construction of a Kwik Trip gas station, car wash and convenience store.
3/20/2014 Conditional Use Permits (CUPs) • • Hours of operation Signage Employment of minors Sale of single servings
3/20/2014 “Deemed Approved” Ordinances Much like a CUP only more extensive since it also applies to outlets that preexisted the ordinance
3/20/2014 Noisy Assembly Policies Often affords police legal reason to enter private premises where they suspect underage drinking may be occurring but hadn’t previously been able to prove.
3/20/2014 Parks & Recreation Policies Prohibiting the consumption of alcohol at public parks, lakes, nature areas, recreation facilities, and parking lots can afford police the opportunity to break up underage drinking parties.
3/20/2014 Parks & Recreation Policies It can also reduce other alcohol-related problems such as violence, vandalism, and DUI.
3/20/2014 Special Event Policies • • Designate service & consumption areas Require sales to end prior to event Limit of types of alcohol available Require Responsible Beverage Service and Sales (RBSS) Training of employees Policy changes for Mayfest in Tulsa: § § § created better wrist band bracelets Vendors: no drinking while working (employees received drink tickets for after shifts) Event staff more visible § No youth allowed in certain areas
3/20/2014 Responsible Beverage Service and Sales (RBSS) for Special Events Benefits of Responsible Beverage Service and Sales (RBSS) Training of vendors/employees § Reduces over serving. § Provide managers, bartenders, and waiters who serve alcohol with the knowledge and skills to practice responsible alcohol sales and service. § Ensure that expectations, liabilities and legal responsibilities are communicated to all licensees/permit holders.
3/20/2014 Responsible Beverage Service and Sales (RBSS) for Special Events After completing this training, the participants will be able to… § understand legal and social responsibility; § identify common signs that signal an underage ID; § recognize signs of intoxication. Recommendation for a new Model Policy could be…. . § employees who violate serving size must attend RBSS training
3/20/2014 Alcohol Sponsorship or Advertisement Policies • Prohibit entirely alcohol sponsorship of or advertisement at city- or corporate- sponsored events • Prohibiting or vet the distribution of alcoholrelated promotional items • Prohibit or limit alcohol-related signage • Prohibit or limit mention of alcohol-related sponsorship by MCs