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20 th Century American Music The 1970 s E. J. Russell Elementary School 5 20 th Century American Music The 1970 s E. J. Russell Elementary School 5 th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor

LAUNDRY LIST 1. Melody 2. Harmony Elements of Music 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. LAUNDRY LIST 1. Melody 2. Harmony Elements of Music 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. Style 6. Mood 7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal 8. Tempo 9. Dynamics

LAUNDRY LIST Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune. Harmony: LAUNDRY LIST Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune. Harmony: Combination of musical notes sounded at the same time. Rhythm: The patterns of sounds & silences. Form: The overall plan of a piece of music.

LAUNDRY LIST Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, LAUNDRY LIST Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, harmony and form are handled to create a special “sound. ” Mood: state of mind or emotion that is relayed in composed music. Timbre: Tone color, the unique quality produced by a voice or instrument. Tempo: Speed of beat

LAUNDRY LIST Dynamics: The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical LAUNDRY LIST Dynamics: The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical passage; intensity, power.

1970 s - HISTORY The 1960 s and early 1970 s were times of 1970 s - HISTORY The 1960 s and early 1970 s were times of great civil unrest and change. Americans took on the issues of civil rights, the Vietnam War, women's rights, and the environment. Like the Civil War and the Great Depression, the process of social change during this period produced a number of songs, many of which remain popular today. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286 -288

1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social Issues: During the 1960 s and early 1970 1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social Issues: During the 1960 s and early 1970 s, there was a rising tide of protest against America's involvement in the Vietnam War. Unlike the popular support for participation in World War II, many Americans felt that the struggle in Vietnam was internal and best left to the Vietnamese to decide. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 286 -288

1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social movements, particularly the antiwar movement, were highly visible 1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social movements, particularly the antiwar movement, were highly visible on college and university campuses. Mandatory busing to achieve racial school integration, particularly in Boston and other Northeastern cities, often led to violence and a disruption of the educational process. Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Many 1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES Many "radical" ideas of the 1960 s gained wider acceptance in the 1970 s. They became a part of American life and culture. American culture flourished. The events of the times were reflected in and became the inspiration for much of the music, literature, entertainment, and even fashion of the decade. Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES One change that made a huge impact on 1970 1970 s – SOCIAL ISSUES One change that made a huge impact on 1970 s culture was the growth of women’s rights. As the ‘ 60 s became the ‘ 70 s, women were making their way out of the kitchen and into the workplace. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s - FACTS In the 1960 s, the Life expectancy (how long people 1970 s - FACTS In the 1960 s, the Life expectancy (how long people were expected to live) was 67. 1 years for men, and 74. 8 years for women. (To compare, in 2010, the life expectancy for women is 81. 1, and 76. 2 for men). Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s - FACTS The average salary in the 1970 s was $7, 564 1970 s - FACTS The average salary in the 1970 s was $7, 564 (compared to $4, 743 in the 1950 s and $2, 992 in the 1950 s. ) On April 22, 1970, the first "Earth Day" was celebrated as the environmental movement launched. Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s – ART Art in the 1970 s showed a slowing and refinement 1970 s – ART Art in the 1970 s showed a slowing and refinement of some of the avant-garde trends that developed in the 1960 s. Earth art was a movement that combined environmental and minimalist ideas on a large scale. Pop are was still produced by artists such as Andy Warhol. Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s –ART Earth Art: “Spiral Hill” by Robert Smithson Source: http: //www. robertsmithson. 1970 s –ART Earth Art: “Spiral Hill” by Robert Smithson Source: http: //www. robertsmithson. com/ Andy Warhol “Pop Art” Source: http: //www. warhol. org/collection/ aboutandy/biography/factoryyears/1998 -1 -732/

1970 s – LITERATURE Literature reflected what was happening in society, and man seeking 1970 s – LITERATURE Literature reflected what was happening in society, and man seeking meaning in the contemporary world. Popular books included “Jonathan Livingston Seagull” by Richard Bach, a fable about a seagull learning about life and flight. “I’m Ok, You’re Ok” by Dr. Thomas A. Harris was one of the best selling self-help books ever published Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html, http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/ Jonathan_ Livingston_Seagull , http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/I%27 m_OK, _You%27 re_OK

1970 s – TV AND MOVIES Most TV shows and movies in the 1970 1970 s – TV AND MOVIES Most TV shows and movies in the 1970 s could be watched by the entire family. Some of the best shows of the 1970 s were sitcoms, such as: The Brady Bunch, The Partridge Family, Sanford and Son, Mary Tyler Moore Show, Happy Days, Laverne and Shirley, Welcome Back Kotter, Mork and Mindy. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-movies-tv. html

1970 s – TV AND MOVIES 1970 s TV also included dramas, police shows, 1970 s – TV AND MOVIES 1970 s TV also included dramas, police shows, and Westerns. Some of the most popular movies were: American Graffiti (1973 George Lucas film), and Jaws (1975), Rocky (1976), Star Wars (1977). Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-movies-tv. html

1970 s – SPACE RACE Apollo 17, the last manned craft to the moon, 1970 s – SPACE RACE Apollo 17, the last manned craft to the moon, brought back 250 samples of rock and soil. Unmanned space probes explored the moon, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Uranus, and Venus. The U. S. Apollo 18 and the USSR's Soyuz 19 linked up in space to conduct joint experiments. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. htm

1970 s – TECHNOLOGY The floppy disc appeared in 1970, and the next year 1970 s – TECHNOLOGY The floppy disc appeared in 1970, and the next year Intel introduced the microprocessor, the "computer on a chip. “ The invention of the videocassette recorder (VCR) changed home entertainment forever. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html and http: //www. wikipedia. com

1970 s – TECHNOLOGY Jumbo jets revolutionized commercial flight, doubling passenger capacity and increasing 1970 s – TECHNOLOGY Jumbo jets revolutionized commercial flight, doubling passenger capacity and increasing flight range to 6, 000 miles. Other important 1970 s inventions or innovations included: email (1971), first retail barcode scanned (1974), the laser printer (1971), and the first space lab (USA Skylab, 1973). The electronic book was invented in 1971, eventually resulting in Project Gutenberg, the largest collection of online books. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. htm

1970 s – TECHNOLOGY When technology entered the picture in the 1970 s, it 1970 s – TECHNOLOGY When technology entered the picture in the 1970 s, it also affected the way people spent their leisure time. Americans of all ages were awed by new-fangled video games that first appeared at arcades and then the house, hooked up to the family television. If you had an Atari game and/or one of those new home computers, like the TRS-80 from Radio Shack, you were cool! Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s – TECHNOLOGY Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade 1970 s – TECHNOLOGY Pong (marketed as PONG) is one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple 2 -dimensional graphics. Source: http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/PONG

1970 s – MUSIC Music was also a huge part of 1970 s culture. 1970 s – MUSIC Music was also a huge part of 1970 s culture. The Rock and Roll genre that took the ‘ 60 s by storm continued to grow and had a great influence on the youth of the decade. The classic rock music of the 1970 s was ushered in by the break up of the Beatles in the first year of the decade. Source: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 60. html

1970 s – MUSIC Many Rock sub-genres were popular: country rock, jazz, soft rock 1970 s – MUSIC Many Rock sub-genres were popular: country rock, jazz, soft rock (also known as Easy Listening), hard rock, progressive rock, urban rock (with its African-American influences), punk rock (late 1970 s), ’ 70’s R&B, and disco! Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-music. html

1970 s – DISCO Young adults found a new kind of music and a 1970 s – DISCO Young adults found a new kind of music and a new way to have fun. Disco music prompted the opening of hundreds of dance clubs around the country. Even though disco music would disappear by the end of the decade, it would have a huge impact on many aspects of life in the 70 s including movies and fashion. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s – GROUPS Soft Rock Bread, America, The Carpenters, and Chicago. Disco KC 1970 s – GROUPS Soft Rock Bread, America, The Carpenters, and Chicago. Disco KC and the Sunshine Band, Bee Gees (wrote music for “Saturday Night Fever” movie), Jackson 5, Love Unlimited Orchestra (Barry White). Progressive Rock Genesis, Yes, Pink Floyd, Queen, and Emerson Lake and Palmer. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s – GROUPS Urban Rock Sly and the Family Stone; Earth, Wind, and 1970 s – GROUPS Urban Rock Sly and the Family Stone; Earth, Wind, and Fire; Kool and the Gang; and The Commodores. Punk Rock The Clash, The Ramones, Patti Smith, and Blondie Hard Rock Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, and Led Zeppelin. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s – GROUPS Southern Rock Lynyrd Skynyrd, The Allman Brothers Band, and Charlie 1970 s – GROUPS Southern Rock Lynyrd Skynyrd, The Allman Brothers Band, and Charlie Daniels Band. Punk Rock The Clash, The Ramones, Patti Smith, and Blondie Hard Rock Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, and Led Zeppelin. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s – SOLO ACTS The soloist singer song writers ruled the 1970 s 1970 s – SOLO ACTS The soloist singer song writers ruled the 1970 s pop music scene in the early part of the decade. Carole King, James Taylor, Carly Simon, and Joni Mitchell were just a few of the talented singers who were mainstays of the early ‘ 70 s pop music charts. Many country music performers crossed over to pop music, such as Kenny Rogers, Olivia Newton. John, John Denver, Dolly Parton, Glen Campbell, and Johnny Cash. Source: http: //classic 70 s. com/70 s-culture. html

1970 s - FASHION The fashion influence of 1960 s hippies was mainstream in 1970 s - FASHION The fashion influence of 1960 s hippies was mainstream in the 1970 s. Men wore shoulder length hair and nontraditional clothing became the rage, including bellbottom pants, hip huggers, colorful patches, platform shoes, earth shoes, clogs, T-shirts, and gypsy dresses. Sources: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s - FASHION Leisure suits for men became commonplace. Sources: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. 1970 s - FASHION Leisure suits for men became commonplace. Sources: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html and http: //www. retro-cafe. com

1970 s – HAIR STYLES Shaggy Hairstyle Afro Hairstyle Source: http: //www. imagesforfree. org/ 1970 s – HAIR STYLES Shaggy Hairstyle Afro Hairstyle Source: http: //www. imagesforfree. org/ “Carol Brady” Hairstyle

1970 s – HAIR STYLES The “Dorothy Hamill” Wedge Afro Hairstyle (Olympic Skating Champion 1970 s – HAIR STYLES The “Dorothy Hamill” Wedge Afro Hairstyle (Olympic Skating Champion in 1970 s) Source: Various Long Hairstyle

1970 s –FASHION Bell Bottoms Children's Wear Source: Various Bell Bottoms 1970 s –FASHION Bell Bottoms Children's Wear Source: Various Bell Bottoms

1970 s –FASHION Earth Shoes Vintage Clogs Platform Shoes Source: Various Patches 1970 s –FASHION Earth Shoes Vintage Clogs Platform Shoes Source: Various Patches

1970 s - FADS Mood rings, lava lamps, Rubik's cube, Sea Monkeys, smiley face 1970 s - FADS Mood rings, lava lamps, Rubik's cube, Sea Monkeys, smiley face stickers, string art, and pet rocks all captured the imagination of Americans during the 1970 s. Mood rings, which change color supposedly based on your mood, become popular from time to time. Sources: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html

1970 s – FADS Mood Ring Lava Lamp Rubrik’s Cube Pet Rock Smiley Faces 1970 s – FADS Mood Ring Lava Lamp Rubrik’s Cube Pet Rock Smiley Faces String Art Sources: http: //kclibrary. lonestar. edu/decade 70. html & Various

1970 s - CARS 1970 Dodge Charger Sources: Various 1970 s - CARS 1970 Dodge Charger Sources: Various

1970 s - CARS Families vacationed in station wagons and everyone wanted an RV. 1970 s - CARS Families vacationed in station wagons and everyone wanted an RV. Source: Various

TEACHERWEB SITE http: //www. teacherweb. com/NY/Pine. Bush/ Doreen. Sandor 5 th GRADE MUSIC - TEACHERWEB SITE http: //www. teacherweb. com/NY/Pine. Bush/ Doreen. Sandor 5 th GRADE MUSIC - 20 th Century American Music: ( Click to open) http: //www. teacherweb. com/NY/Pine. Bush/Doreen. Sandor/wqr 8. aspx