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1970 s Rock Music 1970 s Rock Music

The Seventies Ø The key event in 1970 was the break up of the The Seventies Ø The key event in 1970 was the break up of the Beatles, and this saw the exciting music of the late ’ 60 s diminish, to return again to music that was popular, safe and predictable. Ø However after this rock music began to be played to huge audiences in massive sports arenas rather than smaller theaters. Ø Led Zeppelin video

The Seventies The ’ 70 s have often been referred to as the ‘me’ The Seventies The ’ 70 s have often been referred to as the ‘me’ period. This implied a time of selfishness among people, who were intent on having money. Ø It seemed as though the East/West division would be replaced by the ‘haves/have nots’ split. Ø Most third world countries were seen as a source of cheap labour and their raw materials. Ø Oil prices raised dramatically and this coincided with the Arab-Israeli war of 1973, where oil supplies were blocked to countries who assissted Israel. Ø

Protesting Ø Again as in the ’ 60 s protesting was a large part Protesting Ø Again as in the ’ 60 s protesting was a large part of life. In 1970, 4 white students protesting against the Vietnam war were shot dead by guards at the Kent State University. Ø Two weeks later, 2 black students were shot in similar circumstances at Mississippi Uni. Ø Americans were beginning to see the violence of Vietnam reflected in their own politics and country.

Politics in the ’ 70 s The Watergate scandal which involved the dirty tricks Politics in the ’ 70 s The Watergate scandal which involved the dirty tricks of Nixon’s re-election. This led to his disgraced resignation in 1974. Ø Margaret Thatcher was elected as Britain’s Prime Minister in 1979, and she became the first female to lead a Western national government. Ø The IRA (Irish Republican Army) developed in the ’ 70 s and this saw a fight between Catholic Ireland Protestant Northern Ireland. Ø

Terrorism in the 1970 s Ø Terrorism became a common feature of the ’ Terrorism in the 1970 s Ø Terrorism became a common feature of the ’ 70 s. Groups such as Black September (Middle East), IRA (Northern Ireland) and Black Panthers (USA) all utilised violence to achieve political ends. Usually aiming at targets that would generate publicity. Ø During the Munich Olympic Games in ’ 72, Arab terrorists seized Israeli athletes and killed them

Australia Ø Gough Whitlam was elected Prime Minister and this was the first Labour Australia Ø Gough Whitlam was elected Prime Minister and this was the first Labour Party win in over 20 years. Ø It was more affordable to travel overseas via aeroplanes. Ø There was a mass migration programme during the ’ 70 s. And this also saw the end of a ‘White Australia’ policy.

Ø Colour television came to Australia in ’ 72. Ø By the end of Ø Colour television came to Australia in ’ 72. Ø By the end of the decade, communications had improved to such an extent that Australia really was a part of a global network. Ø The seventies saw British kids facing unemployment, whilst Australian and American teenagers were fighting in foreign wars. Ø The’ 70 s saw the women demand equality and this was the rise of a women’s movement.

1970 s Music In the early ‘ 70 s, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix and 1970 s Music In the early ‘ 70 s, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix and the Doors frontman, Jim Morrison would all be dead. Ø The early ’ 70 s were dominated by the superstars and the singer/songwriters. This presented a multitude of music styles. Ø Elton John, Rod Stewart, Led Zeppelin and Deep Purple were all playing to huge audiences. Ø Stairway to heaven video Ø Pink Floyd video Ø

Ø Technology allowed these events to happen, with massive banks of speakers allowing sound Ø Technology allowed these events to happen, with massive banks of speakers allowing sound to spread far and wide. Video screens were also introduced to live performances. Ø Artists like James Taylor, Carole King and Cat Stevens emerged playing soft-folk music using only piano and guitar and would speak of life experiences. Ø Very different to people like David Bowie who often treated their gigs like strange fashion shows. Bowie began to be labeled as Art Rock.

Ø A criticism of the time was that many groups were becoming to technical, Ø A criticism of the time was that many groups were becoming to technical, where bands like King Crimson and Genesis staged spectacular concerts. Ø The aim of concerts became to make money from one town and then move onto the next. Ø There was little of the spirit from the past two decades which was a special of rock music. Ø Queen video

The emergence of punk and other genres When the shake up that rock needed The emergence of punk and other genres When the shake up that rock needed came, it was from Britain again. Ø Punk challenged the establishment and music proficiency was no longer needed. Ø Punk (new wave) brought music back to being angry, raw, loud and exciting. Ø It was music parents and adults wouldn’t listen to. Ø Punk wasn’t the only music to challenge the rock establishment. Reggae music was being pushed by Bob Marley, and he was eager to awaken the world to the sounds and rhythms of reggae. Ø

Ø The other style to emerge with punk and reggae, was disco. Ø Where Ø The other style to emerge with punk and reggae, was disco. Ø Where punk stripped music and lifestyle back to the barest essentials, disco thrived on excess. Ø People dressed up to go dancing and the music was made so that people could dance.

Australian music scene After the success of Woodstock in the US, Australia developed its Australian music scene After the success of Woodstock in the US, Australia developed its own alternatives with Ourimbah in Sydney and the Sunbury festival. Ø ABBA, Kiss and the Bay City Rollers all received huge welcomes here, and Sherbet and Skyhooks dominated record sales during the decade. Ø Fans were either Sherbet fans or Skyhooks not both, it was like picking a football team Ø The success of these two bands were reliant on two national pop shows on TV, ‘Sounds’ and ‘Countdown. ’ Ø Skyhooks video Ø

The Australian Pub Scene The ’ 70 s saw the emergence of the Australian The Australian Pub Scene The ’ 70 s saw the emergence of the Australian pub scene. Ø Aussie pubs became the training ground of our best young musicians. Ø Bands like Cold Chisel, Rose Tattoo, the Angels and probably the biggest of them all AC/DC. Ø There was something for all types of bands in the 1970 s. Ø Top of the Pops Video Ø

Pub rock Ø 1978 was the year pub rock or heavy/hard rock blossomed. Ø Pub rock Ø 1978 was the year pub rock or heavy/hard rock blossomed. Ø Pubs became the way that bands developed their sound. Rough, raw, honest, loud and technically good. Ø Cold Chisel, AC/DC, the Angels and Midnight Oil al began in pubs. Ø No reliance on lighting or stage props, just loud, aggressive and full of energy.

AC/DC They formed in 1974 and were making an enormous impact overseas. Ø They AC/DC They formed in 1974 and were making an enormous impact overseas. Ø They were a loud hard rock band. Ø Guitarist Malcolm Young was the founder and brother of Easybeat George. Adding younger Angus soon after. Ø Angus would always dress up as a young school boy, displaying a combination of talent and showmanship. Ø AC/DC video Ø

Vocalist Bon Scott was introduced in ’ 74, and was a veteran of the Vocalist Bon Scott was introduced in ’ 74, and was a veteran of the Australian rock scene. Ø They debuted in 1975 with the album ‘High Voltage. ’ Ø Harry Vanda and George Young were the bands producers. And AC/DC soon ventured overseas to experience more success. Ø They played back-up to Black Sabbath in 1977. Ø Many disliked the bands overseas touring so much, thinking that they had abandoned Australia. Ø AC/DC proved that it was ‘a long way to the top, ’ but hard work could get anyone there. Ø

The Punk Scene Ø Music didn’t belong to any big record companies, but to The Punk Scene Ø Music didn’t belong to any big record companies, but to anyone who with the courage to buy a guitar and get on stage. Ø Most people say that punk came from New York in the early ’ 70 s, with bands like the Ramones and Velvet Underground. Ø But punk didn’t become popular til it took off in England in late ’ 76, with the Sex Pistols, the Clash and the Damned.

Punk Music In England, punk came from young unemployed people. Ø In New York, Punk Music In England, punk came from young unemployed people. Ø In New York, it came from a better off, slightly older artistic scene. Ø In Australia, it was young middle-class fans who adopted the style. Ø Punks wore outrageous clothes and often the most spectacular hairstyles. Ø They wore boots, chains and safety pins in their ears and noses. Ø Their clothes were usually black and often torn and lots of leather. Ø Hair was usually spiky and often multicoloured. Ø

Ø In 1976 the Roxy Club opened in Convent Garden in London, this was Ø In 1976 the Roxy Club opened in Convent Garden in London, this was to be known as the centre of punk music. Ø Bands like the Clash, the Damned all played regularly here. Ø Like the music, the fashion of punk demanded attention. Ø Punk presented the chance to rebel against the establishment and vent some of the rage and frustration felt at living in Britain.

Ø The Sex Pistols first single was called ‘Anarchy in the UK. ’ Ø Ø The Sex Pistols first single was called ‘Anarchy in the UK. ’ Ø To great writers to come out of the punk explosion were Joe Strummer of the Clash and Paul Weller of the Jam. Ø Ironically, despite most British punk bands looking to US groups like the Velvet Underground and Iggy Pop for ideas, punk never really took off in America. Ø Bands in the ’ 80 s such as Dire Straits and the Police, first experimented with punk in the ’ 70 s.

The Sex Pistols They only released one album yet had an everlasting impact on The Sex Pistols They only released one album yet had an everlasting impact on the punk scene. Ø The band begun in ’ 75, but it wasn’t until singer Johnny Rotten joined in ’ 76 that they became famous. Ø He couldn’t really sing, but then the others could barely play their instruments. Ø They said ‘we’re not into music, were into chaos!’ Ø Sex Pistols video Ø

Ø 1977 saw the introduction of Sid Vicious. Ø ’ 78 would see the Ø 1977 saw the introduction of Sid Vicious. Ø ’ 78 would see the demise of the band, and the shortly after the death of Sid Vicious. Ø There is no denying their place in rock’n’roll history. Ø They challenged the musical establishment at a time when it had become extremely conservative. Ø They are still inspiring many young people today who are into punk music. Ø The Ramones video

Ø Australian punk didn’t make it to mainstream music charts, but it had a Ø Australian punk didn’t make it to mainstream music charts, but it had a large impact on big artists that would come out in the late ’ 70 s and early ’ 80 s, such as: INXS, Mental as Anything, Midnight Oil and Split Enz. Ø In the late 1970 s there was an increased number of women becoming involved in rock music. This was due in part to punk music and the women’s movement, with women such as Suzi Quatro.

Disco Music Disco music was the other popular music to emerge in the late Disco Music Disco music was the other popular music to emerge in the late ’ 70 s. Ø It came out of city dance clubs, DJs, and producers. Ø Discos were places where you could dance to very loud recorded dance music. Ø The music was recorded by people who didn’t usually perform live. Ø It used rock as a basis, but also other instruments to fill out the sound. Ø People either loved it or hated it. Ø

Ø Disco used synthesisers and it was music designed for nightclub audiences. Ø The Ø Disco used synthesisers and it was music designed for nightclub audiences. Ø The movie ‘Saturday Night Fever, ’ bought success to the Australian group the Bee Gees, who wrote a lot of the movie’s soundtrack. Ø The album sold 30 million copies worldwide.

Reggae in the 1970 s The world was being introduced to Jamaican music called Reggae in the 1970 s The world was being introduced to Jamaican music called reggae. Ø It is a very relaxed music based on calypso and ska, combined with rock music. Ø The lyrics often expressed the oppression of black people by white people. Ø The reggae look was based on the way Jamaican Rastafarians dress, usually with dreadlocks, usually wearing the colours of Ethiopia of red, green and yellow and T-shirts with pictures of Bob Marley on them. Ø