2016, Apr 22-July 15th Generation Icons of 1920s.pptx
- Количество слайдов: 117
• 1920 Women Granted • the Right to Vote in U. S
• Do you think everyone has the right to vote? • Why don’t children vote? • Do you think the voting age should be changed?
• 1920 First Commercial Radio Broadcast Aired
• Do you listen to radio these days? • Was the radio important for the people in the past? Why? • What makes radio better than TV?
• 1921 Bessie Coleman Becomes First Black Female Pilot
• The "Fatty" Arbuckle Hollywood Rape Scandal
• First big scandal in Hollywood, where one of the actors (a very popular comedian) will be painted as a symbol of immorality • He was found innocent on the third trial, but never was able to come back to movies • Arbuckle’s movies have gone sour and he was blacklisted by MPPDA
• 1922 Hollywood establishes a self-policing organization MPPDA (Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America) /now MPAA/ that became known as the "Hays Office“ with Will Hays as its first president • It was legally the first censorship body in the Hollywood and movie making
• 1921 Lie Detector invented
• Have you ever been subjected to lie detector? • Do you think it is possible to learn how to fool it? • Do you think you can hide your lies well from others?
1922 – Insulin Discovered by Frederick Banting
• 1922 King Tutanhamun’s tomb discovered
• The discovery has created a huge resonance around the world and archeological obsession even. • Egypt suddenly becomes a very popular tourist pearl. • Lord Carnaravon’s death (he was the sponsor and an active participant) from a mosquito bite gave enormous amount of food to gossip about Curse of Pharaohs • In 2015 more rooms were discovered through satellite
• Have you ever wanted to become an archeologist? • What famous archeologists do you know? • Do you believe in the Curse of the Pharaohs?
• 1923 Teapot Dome scandal
• President Harding administration took huge bribes and leased the state petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding. • The scandal brought a lot of attention to governmental corruption.
• 1923 the TIME magazine was founded • Right now Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine, and has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of which are based in the United States.
• Have you ever read TIME? • Do you read magazines at all these days? • Do you think the magazine industry is successful in 21 st century?
• 1924 First Olympic Winter Games in France.
• Do you watch Olympic Games? • Do you consider Winter or Summer to be more interesting? • What are your favorite sports to watch?
• 1923 Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb murder a 14 year old boy for the thrill of it. • Nathan Leopold had IQ of 200 and decided to invent a perfect murder. He was in law school and ornithologist • His friend and lover was much more dull, but was considered very social and handsome young man. • They planned the murder for 6 month but were caught and cracked in 10 days. • Both were sentenced to 99 years in prison.
• Have you ever had an insatiable desire to kill someone for fun? • Why do you think people do such silly things? • What do you think is an ideal crime?
• Al Capone story: • Would you want to be a crime lord? • Why did Al Capone make such mad money on speakeasies and gambling? • Does it surprise you that Al Capone spent money for the poor people? Why do you think he did that?
• Al Capone story: • Do you think the fine of 50 000 and tax revenue of 210 000 with 10 years of prison was a just punishment for being a mafia boss for over 10 years? • What do you think about paying taxes?
Charles Dana Gibson
• He was the artist, whose creations have inspired the image of Flapper generation
During WW-I many people developed "eat-drink-and-be-merry-fortomorrow-we-die“ spirit, which was hard to get rid of even after.
Back then young women did not date, they waited until a proper young man formally paid her interest with suitable intentions. However, nearly a whole generation of young men had died in the war, leaving nearly a whole generation of young women without possible suitors.
In the 1920 s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties.
This cultural phenomenon was called the "Younger Generation“ with rapid change of fashion, values, morals and customs.
• She was born in 1883 to an unmarried laundrywoman in a poorhouse. • At 12 her father sends her and her sisters to the religious orphanage where she learns the art of sewing. • Her first real business was designing hats
• She has been rumored to collaborate with Nazis in occupied Paris and was even dating a Nazi officer • She lived for 37 years in the same hotel • She became the world’s richest woman of her time
• Her lucky number was 5 and her most famous th of May, 1922. perfume she issued on 5 • She basically invented the woman fashion for the century – practical, comfortable everyday clothes without corset. • She invented a suit for a woman, little black dress not intended for funerals, and made the tan popular.
She gave the Flapper generation the style called garconne (the boy style) with breasts tied to look slender, silk stockings and short dresses.
Gabrielle “Coco” Bonheur Chanel
• She was born as Freda Josephine Mc. Donald in Missouri, US, on 3 June 1906. • Her parents were traveling musicians with song and dance act. • Her father abandoned her and her mother early in St Louis, moving to other city.
• When she was 8, she began working as a livein domestic for white families in St. Louis. She was forced to sleep in the coal cellar with a pet dog and once was scalded on the hands for overusing the soap in the laundry. • She followed the steps of her mother and started dancing in St Louis vaudeville show at the age of 15
• Vaudeville - a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill. • Types of acts have included popular and classical musicians, singers, dancers, comedians, trained animals, magicians, female and male impersonators, acrobats, illustrated songs, jugglers, one-act plays or scenes from plays, athletes, lecturing celebrities, minstrels, and movies.
• Moving to New York she makes a career doing “black face comedy” at local clubs • In 1925 she moves to Paris to play in erotic shows, the most famous of which had her dance in just a skirt of artificial bananas. • In 1926 she buys herself a nightclub in Paris, called Chez Joséphine
• She had a huge menagerie of pets through her life – a pet pig called Albert, a goat called Toutoute, and the world-famous cheetah named Chiquita. All of them lived at some point in her room in the nightclub.
• She was the favorite of artists and leftintellectuals such as Picasso, Pirandello, Georges Roualt, Le Corbusier, e. e. cummings, Jean Cocteau, Aleksander Wat, and Ernest Hemingway (who thought she was "the most beautiful woman there is, there ever was, or ever will be“) • In 1930 s she was closest to the pop-icon of Britney Spears those times could provide.
• She was the first black woman to star in a major motion picture, Zouzou (1934) • When she came back to New York in 1935 she was publicly rejected – American society could not accept a colored girl as a serious artist.
• During WWII she became an invaluable spy to French resistance, providing secret information, gained from the night club locals, people in the know, officers of Nazi army, and carrying messages across the border, since she was allowed to travel as a famous dancer. • She was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur by General Charles de Gaulle
• She was one of the most active Civil Rights fighters in 1950 s. • She was involved in world organization called National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) • May 20, 1951 was proclaimed by NAACP to be her day for the efforts she gave to Civil Rights movement and she was rewarded with the life membership in NAACP
QQ • What is your favorite pop-star? • What most famous pop-stars do you know? • Is it easy to become a pop-star these days? • Do you think all the pop-stars should be white?
• Does it feel right to you that Pop-stars have such a power over usual people? • What would you do if you were a popstar? Defend someone’s rights? Do charity? Buy yourself an island or a planet?
• 1925 The Scopes (Monkey) Trial
• Trial called The State of Tennessee vs. John Thomas Scopes took place in small town Dayton and became a national-size scandal and event. • John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school
• John Scopes purposely incriminated himself to create this trial and attract publicity. • Lots of world-known lawyers were present to defend or accuse him it became a theological contest and a scientific trial between Fundamentalists and Modernists. • After 8 days of trial, Scopes was found guilty for teaching evolution and was fined for $100
• The press coverage of the event was huge. The front pages of newspapers like The New York Times were dominated by the case for days. More than 200 newspaper reporters from all parts of the country and two from London were in Dayton. • Two movie cameramen ran their cameras day and night and sent the made material by the airplane.
• What do you think about evolution? Is it true? • Do you think we should teach the evolution in school or both evolution and Bible? • What consequences do you think this trial had for the world?
• Do you know when the evolution became an official scientific position of the education? • What events have changed the perspective of people on the evolution theory? • Do you think it was a good change?
• 1926 death of Rudolph Valentino, the male icon of the silent movies, at the age of 31, caused a mass suicide wave among his fans.
• An estimated 100, 000 people lined the streets of New York City to pay their respects at his funeral
• Fans tried to get in Frank Campbell Funeral Home and an all-day riot erupted on August 24 in New York. • There exists a myth that a “woman in black” is seen at his grave with a red rose on the day of his death every year. There were a lot of copycats caught doing it
• Have you ever been so upset about a favorite actor that you wanted to commit suicide? • Why do you think some people do it? • Who’s the public person you feel for the most?
• 1926 Agatha Christie Goes Missing
In late 1926 she was asked for divorce by her husband. On 3 December 1926, the Christies quarreled, and Christie disappeared from her home, leaving behind a letter she was going to Yorkshire. Over a thousand police officers, 15, 000 volunteers, and several aeroplanes scoured the rural landscape. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle even gave a spirit medium one of Christie's gloves to find the missing woman.
On 14 December 1926, she was found at the hotel in Yorkshire, registered as Mrs Teresa Neele (the surname of her husband's lover). Two doctors diagnosed her as suffering from amnesia. Public reaction at the time was largely negative, supposing a publicity stunt or attempt to frame her husband for murder.
• Is your memory strong? Have you ever forgotten something utterly like your name or place you live? • Have you even feigned amnesia? • Do you know anyone who had amnesia in the past? • What is the difference between retrograde and anterograde amnesia?
• 1928 Alexander Fleming shows the world how not cleaning dishes can save so many lives!
• Fleming researched staphylococci and left his dishes with bacteria culture on the bench while he spent August with his family on vacation. • Coming home he found some fungus that killed staphylococci in immediate vicinity. • He noticed that it affected bacteria such as staphylococci and many other pathogens that cause scarlet fever, pneumonia, meningitis and diphtheria
• March 16, 1926 - Robert Goddard Fires His First Liquid-Fuel Rocket
• 11 May 1926 - Roald Amundsen’s expedition crosses the north pole on an airship “Norge” and lands in Alaska two days later.
• September 25, 1926 Henry Ford Adopts 40 Hour Work Week (5 day, 8 hours) • It outpaced its time for 14 years, since the legal act to establish a 40 -year working day in all US came to effect only in October 24, 1940
• 1927 The First Talking Movie, The Jazz Singer
• Do you ever watch B&W movies these days? • Do you think that movies before were more interesting than they are now? • What was the oldest movies you have watched? Did you like it? • Would you like to study the history of cinema in depth?
• 1927 BBC Founded, presently the world's oldest national broadcasting organization • British Broadcasting Corporation
• Have you ever watched BBC? • Do you watch English-speaking channels to learn English? If yes, what’s your favorite?
-Hey I hear the Earth is flat! -I have a bridge to sell you, man!
• “Hello, sir. Would you like to buy this lovely bridge here? Its on sale for today only. Think of all the money you could make from tolls. ” • “Are you sure its for sale, mate? ” replied the confused old man. • “Why else would it have a ‘For Sale’ sticker on it? !” came the reply.
• George C. Parker was the greatest con man in American history managing to sell landmark items like Madison Square Gardens, the Statue of Liberty and, you guessed it, the Brooklyn Bridge. • In fact, he sold the Brooklyn Bridge at least twice a week, one time for as much as $50, 000. Sometimes the police would have to stop the “new owners” from setting up toll booths in the middle of the bridge.
• George C. Parker was a successful con artist because he knew how to sell to people based on emotions, logic and be exploiting several human traits. For example, to sell items like the Brooklyn Bridge he would have had to exploit people’s: • Greed • Compassion • Irresponsibility • Vanity • And Honesty
Parker would bribe men working the boats that would ferry the newly arrived immigrants from Ellis Island to New York. They would target immigrants with money and tell them of the opportunity of "purchasing" the Brooklyn Bridge or Grant's Tomb or Madison Square Garden and so on from Mr. Parker, the proud yet desperate to sell owner of any and all the major landmarks of New York City. Aside from immigrants he focused mainly on tourist visiting the city, talk about a souvenir that could last a lifetime.
He also knew a lot about what was involved in a major transaction. For example, he even set up a fake office and had fake contract papers drawn up so people didn’t suspect that he was doing something shady.
George C. Parker was in business from 1883 to 1928. Eventually in December 17, 1928 he was caught the third time and sent to Sing prison with a lifetime sentence. There he was very popular among guards and fellow inmates, who enjoyed hearing of his exploits.
• Would you have bought a bridge from G. C. Parker? • Or rather would you sell this bridge to gullible immigrants, if you had the chance?
• Have you ever been a victim of fraud? • What frauds have you witnessed yourself? • Do you worry about Internet frauds?
• Have you ever thought of fighting crime by becoming a police officer? • Do you have any fraud prevention tips?
• It is easy for you to tell if the person is lying? • What other things do you think you should beware of, when traveling abroad as a tourist or a worker?
He was born in 1901 in Chicago. In 1918 he enrolled to fight in WW I after forging his birth certificate and was assigned to Red Cross as an ambulance driver. He did really well drawing the newspapers and wallpapers for the army
His first real job was making political and commercial comic stripes in newspapers
The first his success was directing the animation for the Newman Theater, the cartoons called "Newman's Laugh. O-Grams"
In 1922 his first charismatic character was a copy of Felix the Cat, created by Sullivan's studio in 1919. This character was called Julius the Cat and became a reason for a legal dispute.
10 -minute Alice's Wonderland was the last movies of failing Newman's Laugh-O-Grams. Forced to work as a freelance photographer, he goes to Los Angeles In 1924 -27 he works on 57 10 -minute cartoons in Alice Series about Alice and Julius the Cat, which gave the world such very famous characters, as:
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
In 1927 the Alice series were over and he signs a contract with another cartoon company, called Universal Studios for a new brand character, and that was Oswald the Lucky Rabbit In September 5, 1927 Oswald became the biggest hit, different from all the cat characters, copying each other in cartoons.
1928 - Having made huge profit on Oswald, Walt Disney could not keep the team on the project and abandons legal rights on Oswald, creating the new character – Mickey Mouse.
Have you ever watched any of Walt Disney’s cartoons? Which ones? What's the best cartoon you've ever seen? Do you prefer drawn or 3 -D animated cartoons these days?
Do you think cartoons should have different plots than movies? Why? Do you watch cartoons often these days? What’s your favorite cartoon character?
What do you think about anime cartoons? What makes them different from other cartoons? Would you like your favorite movie remade as a cartoon instead?
1929 The Great Depression Begins