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13 Digital Printing Technology 13 Digital Printing Technology

Learning Objectives • Explain how digital processes have affected the graphic communications industry. • Learning Objectives • Explain how digital processes have affected the graphic communications industry. • Compare digital printing technologies. • Explain the practical uses of variable data printing and distributed printing. • Recall the purpose of digital asset management systems. • Summarize the advantages and disadvantages of digital printing. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Printing Overview • Digital printing technology – Eliminates time-consuming and costly preparation of Digital Printing Overview • Digital printing technology – Eliminates time-consuming and costly preparation of film, plates, and inks – Provides customers with options that bring professional printing closer to desktop – Reduces number of workflow steps, making process simpler and more productive © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Printing Overview • Digital technology is used to: – Create text – Capture Digital Printing Overview • Digital technology is used to: – Create text – Capture or create images – Create printing plates – Apply ink or toner © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. • Major technologies include: – Electrostatic technology – Ink-jet printing technology Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Direct Imaging (DI) • Computer-to-press system • Eliminates production steps and variables normally associated Direct Imaging (DI) • Computer-to-press system • Eliminates production steps and variables normally associated with offset processes • Provide good image quality and reduced environmental footprint • Reduces makeready time and improves productivity © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Workflow 1. Creation of text and images 2. Importing text and images to Digital Workflow 1. Creation of text and images 2. Importing text and images to create page layouts 3. Imposition and sheet assembly of laid-out pages 4. Platemaking and printing based on sheets on DI press © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Workflow © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use Digital Workflow © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Printing Methods • Ink-jet printing is most common • Other types: – Electrostatic Digital Printing Methods • Ink-jet printing is most common • Other types: – Electrostatic printing – Ionography – Magnetography – Dye sublimation – Thermal transfer © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Ink-Jet Printing • Uses digital data to control streams of droplets of ink or Ink-Jet Printing • Uses digital data to control streams of droplets of ink or dye • Mostly variable data printing of single or spot colors • Three classifications – Desktop – Large format – Grand format © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Types of Ink-Jet Printers • Thermal ink-jet printers – Use electrical current, heat, and Types of Ink-Jet Printers • Thermal ink-jet printers – Use electrical current, heat, and nozzle to transfer ink to substrates • Piezoelectric ink-jet printers – Use piezocrystals • Continuous ink-jet printers – Use continuously circulating flow of ink © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Types of Ink-Jet Inks • Aqueous inks – Withstand high temperatures without affecting chemical Types of Ink-Jet Inks • Aqueous inks – Withstand high temperatures without affecting chemical makeup of ink • Solvent inks – Have ingredients considered to be high in VOCs • UV-curable inks – Lack of VOCs © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Volatile Organic Compounds • Chemical compounds that emit vapors at normal room temperatures • Volatile Organic Compounds • Chemical compounds that emit vapors at normal room temperatures • Short term exposure to VOCs can cause: – Irritation to eyes, nose, and throat – Headaches, dizziness, or nausea • If using products containing VOCs, follow all safety instructions © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Types of Ink-Jet Printheads • Fixed-head ink-jet printer – Built-in printhead – Printhead can Types of Ink-Jet Printheads • Fixed-head ink-jet printer – Built-in printhead – Printhead can be refilled when ink runs out • Disposable head ink-jet printer – Cartridge is replaced when ink runs out © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Electrophotography • Most often seen in copiers • Most systems accommodate wide range of Electrophotography • Most often seen in copiers • Most systems accommodate wide range of papers • Some are being used to produce content and contract proofing, including final output copies © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Electrophotography (www. Printing. Tips. com, owned by Austec Data Inc. dba Tecstra Systems) © Electrophotography (www. Printing. Tips. com, owned by Austec Data Inc. dba Tecstra Systems) © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Ionography • Used mainly for single- or spot-color printing • Used for high-volume and Ionography • Used mainly for single- or spot-color printing • Used for high-volume and variable data printing (www. Printing. Tips. com, owned by Austec Data Inc. dba Tecstra Systems) © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Magnetography • Image is converted to magnetic charge on drum that then attracts magnetized Magnetography • Image is converted to magnetic charge on drum that then attracts magnetized toner • Faster than other types of systems • Commonly used for: – Single- or spot-color printing – Barcodes – Other types of variable data printing © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Dye Sublimation • Type of thermography • Ribbon made of panels of CMY pigments Dye Sublimation • Type of thermography • Ribbon made of panels of CMY pigments pass over heater • Pigments become gaseous and are transferred to substrate below panels • Ink is dry as soon as it is done printing • Panels cannot be reused © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Thermal Transfer • Type of thermography • Similar to dye sublimation • Printers use Thermal Transfer • Type of thermography • Similar to dye sublimation • Printers use different ribbon for each color • Used mainly for one-color printing • Newer systems have multiple ribbons of different colors • Commonly used for color proofing © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Printing Applications • Variable data printing • Distributed printing • Digital asset management Digital Printing Applications • Variable data printing • Distributed printing • Digital asset management (DAM) © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Variable Data Printing • Enables quick and easy content changes at several points within Variable Data Printing • Enables quick and easy content changes at several points within print run • Basic template of printed material has certain sections designated as changeable fields • Produces customized and personalized materials © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Distributed Printing • Electronic files are sent through WAN to be printed near point Distributed Printing • Electronic files are sent through WAN to be printed near point of distribution • Using color management systems at both ends of process helps ensure color consistency © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Digital Asset Management (DAM) • Tasks include: – Downloading data – Processing data – Digital Asset Management (DAM) • Tasks include: – Downloading data – Processing data – Organizing data – Storing data – Transmitting data • Data includes: – Design files – Templates – Images – Font files – Databases • Software-as-aservice (Saa. S) © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital Printing • Digital presses offer quick turnaround times, greater Advantages and Disadvantages of Digital Printing • Digital presses offer quick turnaround times, greater flexibility, and costeffective printing for short color runs • Eliminating much of traditional press preparation reduces overall cost of short color runs • Most digital presses do not produce high enough quality © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Electronic Media Waste • When computers and other types of electronics are thrown out, Electronic Media Waste • When computers and other types of electronics are thrown out, they become e -waste • E-waste is fastest growing cause of toxic waste in United States • Toxic chemicals found in e-waste can consist of lead and mercury © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Review What is direct imaging (DI)? The process of sending digital files directly to Review What is direct imaging (DI)? The process of sending digital files directly to press without use of traditional offset or computer-to-plate processes or chemistry. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Review What are two types of thermography? How do they differ? The two types Review What are two types of thermography? How do they differ? The two types are dye sublimation and thermal transfer. Dye sublimation printers use a ribbon of panels of colored solid pigment. Thermal transfer printers use a different ribbon for each color. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Review What is variable data printing? What is it used for? A type of Review What is variable data printing? What is it used for? A type of printing that enables quick and easy content changes at several points within a print run. It allows customized and personalized materials to be produced. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Review What is digital asset management? The protocol and resources established to handle all Review What is digital asset management? The protocol and resources established to handle all digital files and data. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.

Review What are three advantages of digital printing? Quick turnaround times, greater flexibility, and Review What are three advantages of digital printing? Quick turnaround times, greater flexibility, and cost-effective printing for short color runs. © Goodheart-Willcox Co. , Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.