Скачать презентацию 12 s-1 Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc Graw-Hill Скачать презентацию 12 s-1 Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc Graw-Hill

028249a1de786c997f2361af897444f3.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 22

12 s-1 Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian 12 s-1 Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-2 Purchasing and Supplier Management Chapter 12 Supplement Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc. 12 s-2 Purchasing and Supplier Management Chapter 12 Supplement Purchasing and Supplier Management Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-3 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing • Purchasing is responsible for obtaining the 12 s-3 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing • Purchasing is responsible for obtaining the materials, parts, and supplies and services needed to produce a product or provide a service. Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-4 Purchasing and Supplier Management Goal of Purchasing • Develop and implement purchasing 12 s-4 Purchasing and Supplier Management Goal of Purchasing • Develop and implement purchasing plans for products and services that support operations strategies Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-5 Purchasing and Supplier Management Duties of Purchasing • • • Identifying sources 12 s-5 Purchasing and Supplier Management Duties of Purchasing • • • Identifying sources of supply Negotiating contracts Maintaining a database of suppliers Obtaining goods and services Managing supplies Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-6 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing Interfaces Legal Operations Accounting Purchasing Data processing 12 s-6 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing Interfaces Legal Operations Accounting Purchasing Data processing Design Suppliers Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Receiving Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-7 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing Cycle Legal • Requisition received Operations Accounting 12 s-7 Purchasing and Supplier Management Purchasing Cycle Legal • Requisition received Operations Accounting • Supplier selected • Order is placed Purchasing Data processing • Monitor orders • Receive orders Design Receiving Suppliers Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-8 Purchasing and Supplier Management Value Analysis vs Outsourcing • Value analysis – 12 s-8 Purchasing and Supplier Management Value Analysis vs Outsourcing • Value analysis – Examination of the function of purchased parts and materials in an effort to reduce cost and/or improve performance • Outsourcing – Buying goods or services from outside sources rather than making or providing them in-house Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-9 Purchasing and Supplier Management Deciding Factors for Outsourcing • Cost to make 12 s-9 Purchasing and Supplier Management Deciding Factors for Outsourcing • Cost to make vs. cost to buy • Stability of demand • Quality from suppliers • Maintaining close control • Idle capacity available Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-10 Purchasing and Supplier Management Deciding Factors for Outsourcing • • Lead times 12 s-10 Purchasing and Supplier Management Deciding Factors for Outsourcing • • Lead times for each alternative Who has patents, expertise, etc. Stability of technology Consistency/conflict with current operations Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-11 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors for Make or Buy Decisions • • 12 s-11 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors for Make or Buy Decisions • • Available capacity Expertise Quality considerations Nature of demand Cost Core elements Strategy Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-12 Purchasing and Supplier Management Determining Prices • Predetermined or fixed prices • 12 s-12 Purchasing and Supplier Management Determining Prices • Predetermined or fixed prices • Competitive bidding • Negotiated purchasing Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-13 Purchasing and Supplier Management Determining Prices • Published price lists – fixed 12 s-13 Purchasing and Supplier Management Determining Prices • Published price lists – fixed or predetermined prices • Competitive bidding – e. g. government purchases of standard goods or services • Negotiating – win-win transaction Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-14 Purchasing and Supplier Management Myths of Negotiated Purchasing • Negotiation is a 12 s-14 Purchasing and Supplier Management Myths of Negotiated Purchasing • Negotiation is a win-lose confrontation • Main goal is to obtain the lowest price • Each negotiation is an isolated transaction Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-15 Purchasing and Supplier Management Centralized vs Decentralized Purchasing • Centralized purchasing – 12 s-15 Purchasing and Supplier Management Centralized vs Decentralized Purchasing • Centralized purchasing – Purchasing is handled by one special department • Decentralized purchasing – Individual departments or separate locations handle their own purchasing requirements Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-16 Purchasing and Supplier Management Suppliers • • • Choosing suppliers Evaluating sources 12 s-16 Purchasing and Supplier Management Suppliers • • • Choosing suppliers Evaluating sources of supply Supplier audits Supplier certification Supplier relationships Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-17 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors in Choosing a Supplier • • Quality 12 s-17 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors in Choosing a Supplier • • Quality and quality assurance Flexibility Location Price Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-18 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors in Choosing a Supplier • • Product 12 s-18 Purchasing and Supplier Management Factors in Choosing a Supplier • • Product or service changes Reputation and financial stability Lead times and on-time delivery Other accounts Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-19 Purchasing and Supplier Management Evaluating Sources of Supply • Vendor analysis: Evaluating 12 s-19 Purchasing and Supplier Management Evaluating Sources of Supply • Vendor analysis: Evaluating the sources of supply in terms of price, quality, reputation, and service Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-20 Purchasing and Supplier Management Evaluating Sources of Supply • Vendor analysis - 12 s-20 Purchasing and Supplier Management Evaluating Sources of Supply • Vendor analysis - evaluating the sources of supply in terms of – Price – Quality – Services – Location – Inventory policy – Flexibility Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-21 Purchasing and Supplier Management Supplier as a Partner Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations 12 s-21 Purchasing and Supplier Management Supplier as a Partner Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

12 s-22 Purchasing and Supplier Management Supplier Partnerships • Ideas from suppliers could lead 12 s-22 Purchasing and Supplier Management Supplier Partnerships • Ideas from suppliers could lead to improved competitiveness – Reduce cost of making the purchase – Reduce transportation costs – Reduce production costs – Improve product quality – Improve product design – Reduce time to market – Improve customer satisfaction – Reduce inventory costs – Introduce new products or services Mc. Graw-Hill Ryerson Operations Management, 2 nd Canadian Edition, by Stevenson & Hojati Copyright © 2004 by The Mc. Graw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.