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The Patriarchs/Parents Leading Worship Supplements Chapter 3 People in the Presence of God Acknowledgements: The Patriarchs/Parents Leading Worship Supplements Chapter 3 People in the Presence of God Acknowledgements: Ross (Recalling the Hope of Glory) Block (For the Glory of God) © 2014 Barry Liesch Biola University La Mirada, California 2

Ps 131: 2 But I have calmed and quieted my soul, Like a weaned Ps 131: 2 But I have calmed and quieted my soul, Like a weaned child with its mother; My soul is like the weaned child that is with me. A time of quiet, private prayer 3

Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 Hear, O Israel The Lord our God, the Lord Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 Hear, O Israel The Lord our God, the Lord is One. You shall love the lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. 4

Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 Hear, O ____ The Lord our ___, the Lord Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 Hear, O ____ The Lord our ___, the Lord is ___. You shall love the lord your God with all your ___ and with all your ___. 5

Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You shall teach [recite] them diligently to your children Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You shall teach [recite] them diligently to your children and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise. You and shall they bind them as a sign on your hand, shall be as frontlets between your eyes You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. 6

Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You shall teach them diligently to your children and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. 7

The Patriarchs No formal worship institution existed Parents led their families By example in The Patriarchs No formal worship institution existed Parents led their families By example in the situations of life Goals of family worship Celebrating God in peak moments & in crisis Forming the family unit into a spiritual entity Can we learn from them? Can we creatively apply their activities today? (You will likely be a parent yourself some day!) Should worship leaders help families? 8

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Now Abel kept flocks and Cain worked the soil. Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Now Abel kept flocks and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time Cain brought some fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord. But Abel brought the fattest portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. 9

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? ” If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it. ” [God issues a warning!] Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field. ” And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother and killed him. 10

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel? ” “ I don’t know, ” he replied. “Am I my brother’s keeper? ” The Lord said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground. Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground which opened to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. “Cries out!” Is God intensely anguished? 11

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) Was the offering habitual or first-time spontaneous? How did idea of offering arise anyway? Quality of offering unacceptable? Cain brought some of the fruits Abel brought fattest portions of first born Only the best is acceptable First fruits, first born, full heads of grain Or, a problem of the heart? Abel offered by faith (Hebrews 11: 4) 12

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) 4 Explanations offered (which is best? ) 1. God prefers shepherds over gardeners? But Adam was toiler of soil But grain offerings were acceptable in Tab 2. Animal sacrifice more acceptable than vegetables/fruit? 3. Rejected because lack of quality? (hinted? ) Abel offered firstlings and fattest portions Perfect, unblemished 4. By faith Abel offered a more acceptable sacrifice (Heb 11: 4) 13

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! First murder: Cain & worship (Gen 4: 1 -9) 4 Explanations offered (which is best? ) 1. God prefers shepherds over gardeners? But Adam was toiler of soil But grain offerings were acceptable in Tab 2. Animal sacrifice more acceptable than vegetables/fruit? 3. Rejected because lack of quality? (hinted? ) Abel offered firstlings and fattest portions Perfect, unblemished 4. By faith Abel offered a more acceptable sacrifice (Heb 11: 4) Was form acceptable? Heart unacceptable? 14

Parallels: Adam/Eve & Cain First Family Faces Catastrophe! Adam/Eve & Cain both warned -> Parallels: Adam/Eve & Cain First Family Faces Catastrophe! Adam/Eve & Cain both warned -> yet sin God investigates Curse pronounced/Consequences exacted Adam expelled /Cain becomes a vagabond Adam & Eve forced out of Paradise (east of Eden) Cain becomes a vagabond Both protected by God Adam and Eve (clothed); Cain (marked) Both did something unacceptable 15

Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! What is the basic worship teaching regarding Cain? Acceptable Lessons/Observations First Family Faces Catastrophe! What is the basic worship teaching regarding Cain? Acceptable vs Unacceptable worship A right and wrong way to worship Abel’s way was accepted (quality? heart worship? ) Cain’s way was not accepted (heart unacceptable? ) Application for us today? 16

Lessons/Observations Worship After the Flood First thanksgiving & Worship (Gen 8: 15 -22) Noah Lessons/Observations Worship After the Flood First thanksgiving & Worship (Gen 8: 15 -22) Noah gathers family & sacrifices Priest to his family. A sacrifice for all mankind. First recorded altar, first burnt offering First mention of clean animals, birds First time God “smells” a sacrifice Soothing, sweet aroma accepted (Lev 1: 9, 2: 2, 3: 5) Promise not to destroy again. Rainbow sign of covenant How did Noah choose each worship element, so as to have assurance it would be acceptable? 17

Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Abraham: character! obedience! Obeys: journeys to unknown land; offers Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Abraham: character! obedience! Obeys: journeys to unknown land; offers son on mount Circumcises family and slaves immediately Prays over son’s marriage; offers solemn oaths to God Builds altars to God; tithes to Melchizedek Prostrates repeatedly Bends low, forehead touches the ground Reverent submission to God’s will Prostration The primary word for worship in Scripture (OT & NT) 18 Prostration relevant for today. Foundational for worship.

Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Prostration/Bowing (throughout OT) Part of wider OT Culture (And Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Prostration/Bowing (throughout OT) Part of wider OT Culture (And lacking in our culture? ) Abraham bows before the Lord (Gen 19: 1) Lot bows before an angel (Gen 20: 1) Abraham’s servant bows/worships God who has guided him in selecting Isaac’s wife (Gen 24: 26, 48, 52) Jacob bows in worship--request promised (Gen 47: 31) Moses bows in submission, all Israel bows low (Ex 4: 31) [David] I will bow down in reverence (Ps 5: 7) Ezra prostrates in the temple (Ez 10: 1) Japan: employees bow before boss 19

Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life First Circumcision: Abraham (Gen 17: 9 -14) God demands, Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life First Circumcision: Abraham (Gen 17: 9 -14) God demands, he immediately obeys All males (including slaves) on eighth day Sign of the covenant Permanently marked: “you are mine” Intimate, reproductive organ. Flesh cut away. Generations to come belong to God (Do we? ) Uncircumcised “cut off. ” Serious! Moses/Paul: circumcision of the heart cut away heart of stubbornness 20

Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Submission on Mount Moriah Gen 22 Highly influential. Sets Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Submission on Mount Moriah Gen 22 Highly influential. Sets standard for Jews Surrender of Son (dearest possession) Surrender of one’s will, desires, affections Essence of sacrifice Principle: self surrender precedes provision Faith: “The Lord will provide” [Lamb] 22: 14 Jesus (similar emphasis) To gain your life, you must be willing to lose it 21

Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Abraham & Worship 12: 7, 8; 13: 18; 22: Lessons/Observations Worship: in everyday life Abraham & Worship 12: 7, 8; 13: 18; 22: 9 Builds Altars. Priest to his family. Sacrificing, invoking, calling on God’s name Proclaiming his faith to neighbors 12: 5 Clarifying that his worship is not pagan Teaching, witnessing Teaches his chief servant to trust God Proselytes likely won to the faith 12: 5 When proclamation is lost, worship loses it way, becomes empty ritual (Ross) 22

Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Crisis Jacob fears Esau Gen 28: 10 -22 Dreams: ladder linking Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Crisis Jacob fears Esau Gen 28: 10 -22 Dreams: ladder linking heaven and earth Angels ascending/descending YHWH, beside him, speaking. (Awesome fear!) YHWH: three promises to Jacob I will be with you [first time statement uttered!] I will guard you, bring you back home safely Your descendants will spread to the N, S, E, W be a blessing to entire world Jacob’s response sets pattern for all Israel The Lord will be my God [vow to worship] I will give you the tenth [vow to tithe] God initiates (promises), Jacob responds 23

Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Crisis Jacob responds/erects Stone Memorial Upright stone represents staircase to heaven Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Crisis Jacob responds/erects Stone Memorial Upright stone represents staircase to heaven Pours oil on it (sanctifies it) Becomes an altar Names it “Bethel, ” house of God “This stone shall be… God’s house” A place designated for prayer, worship? Significance Becomes a holy, valued, consecrated place Invites worship on this spot for years to come Permanent reminder to future generations Should we commemorate crucial events? Library? 24

Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Catastrophe! First Rape Murder Gen 34 -35: 7 Pagan neighbor rapes Lessons/Observations Worship: Family Catastrophe! First Rape Murder Gen 34 -35: 7 Pagan neighbor rapes Jacob’s daughter, Dinah Sons retaliate: deceive - > murder -> plunder Jacob flees (‘You make my name stink’) Runs to Sacred Site (Bethel) --> leads his family in repentance (rids children of idols, purifies family) Applications/principles for today? Repent! Turn to God! Clean the house! Teach people to worship during crisis! (framing) 25

Lessons/Observations Worship: Patriarchs God takes the initiative in worship Appears to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob Lessons/Observations Worship: Patriarchs God takes the initiative in worship Appears to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob Makes promises Patriarchs respond to God’s initiatives Love, Obedience, Repentance, Vows (Jacob) Principle: God initiates, we respond Principle: relationship precedes responsibility 26

Lessons/Observations Worship: Patriarchs Review: Foundational Worship Practices Animal offering of firstborn (Abel) Altar, burnt Lessons/Observations Worship: Patriarchs Review: Foundational Worship Practices Animal offering of firstborn (Abel) Altar, burnt offering, clean animals (Noah) Priests to their families (Noah, Abraham, Jacob) Prostration, Circumcision (Abraham) Obedience on Mount Moriah (Abraham) Memorials/sacred places (Abraham, Jacob) Vow to worship, tithe (Jacob) 27

Recall the Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You and and shall teach them diligently Recall the Shema Duet: 6: 4 -8 You and and shall teach them diligently to your children shall talk of them when you sit in your house when you walk by the way when you lie down and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. Modus operandi? 28

Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Deuteronomy (6: 5 -9) Situational learning Learning occurring in many Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Deuteronomy (6: 5 -9) Situational learning Learning occurring in many situations Biblical teaching/principles linked to life No secular/sacred compartmentalization Training in midst of life situations is essential Affective (emotional) learning During peaks and valleys of life Parent-guided learning 29

Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Teach them diligently to your children Transmit content in process Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Teach them diligently to your children Transmit content in process of living In context of everyday life Sitting at home Walking along the road (driving in car? ) Going to sleep, getting up 30

Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Reinforced by external symbols Bind on your hands, foreheads Write Lessons/Observations Worship in Family Reinforced by external symbols Bind on your hands, foreheads Write on your doorframes, gates (Similar to use of tattoos today? ) Outward to be expression of inward These commands came from God! The home, a zone of compliance 31

Spring Harvest: First Fruits Ritual Worship in Family Settings Children present at Festival Anticipates Spring Harvest: First Fruits Ritual Worship in Family Settings Children present at Festival Anticipates curious child who asks: My family origin? Why the laws? Child hears memorized recitation of Father to Priest (Catechism-like) Recounts Israel’s History (Israel’s “Gospel”) Clarifies child’s identity Encourages family to continued obedience History highly valued in OT! 32

Spring Harvest: First Fruits Ritual Worship in Family Settings The Recitation: A wandering Aramean Spring Harvest: First Fruits Ritual Worship in Family Settings The Recitation: A wandering Aramean was my father…He went down to Egypt…[They] treated us harshly, humiliated us, and laid on us hard labor. Then we cried to the Lord…[He] saw our affliction…brought us out with a mighty hand an outstretch arm, with deeds of terror, with signs and wonders. And he brought us into this place and gave us this land…flowing with milk and honey. And now I bring the first of the fruit of the ground before the Lord, which you, O Lord, have given me. 33

The Passover Worship in Family Settings A family celebration. Domestic flavor. Celebrated in homes The Passover Worship in Family Settings A family celebration. Domestic flavor. Celebrated in homes (even today) 1 of 3 annual Festivals Purpose: to keep Exodus memory alive Story of redemption/deliverance Angel of death averted by blood on doorpost Meal: bitter herbs, unleavened bread, lamb Jesus transforms it at Last Supper “The New Covenant” 34

Other key components Worship in Family Settings Sabbath (more about later day) Shema 35 Other key components Worship in Family Settings Sabbath (more about later day) Shema 35

Questions Worship in the Family Should it be a concern of worship leaders? A Questions Worship in the Family Should it be a concern of worship leaders? A responsibility of worship leaders? 36

Status/Ideas Worship in Family Today Unfortunate status of Family (1985) 7% of moms at Status/Ideas Worship in Family Today Unfortunate status of Family (1985) 7% of moms at home 38% one parent families Guilt/Lack of Confidence Only 4% of parents feel they’re doing good job Parent training seminars ineffective Parents sharing in groups – most helpful Relieved that others have same problems Motivated by stories of other parents 37

Contribute! Worship in the Family Share a family worship experience? What would you like Contribute! Worship in the Family Share a family worship experience? What would you like to have experienced? 38

Ideas for Young Children Worship in Family Settings Peak experiences Birthdays, report cards, graduation, Ideas for Young Children Worship in Family Settings Peak experiences Birthdays, report cards, graduation, promotion Contribute toward a prayer One word, or sentence ABC’s or Acrostic praise Photo album Bible predicaments (What would you do? ) Write a complement Worship hike 39

Contribute! Worship in the Family Goals/Approaches? What would you do to help parents? Assemble Contribute! Worship in the Family Goals/Approaches? What would you do to help parents? Assemble them, give hope, have them share Develop relationships with Sunday School Visit classes. Suggest songs relevant to age. Youth Groups raise up worship leaders Teach worship. Mentor & sow into Youth Develop children choirs Teach the biblical stories & theology thru Song Seniors can share their favorite songs & why 40

Status/Ideas Worship in Family/Youth Settings Our Culture. A Youth Culture Senior’s role marginalized, muted Status/Ideas Worship in Family/Youth Settings Our Culture. A Youth Culture Senior’s role marginalized, muted Should that be changed in church? I am reminded of your sincere faith, a faith that first lived in your grandmother Lois… I Tim 1: 5 …tell the older women…that they may encourage the young women… Titus 2: 2 -5 How? Suggestions? 41

Status/Ideas Worship in Family/Youth Settings Biblical culture: adult centered emphasis on maturity respect for Status/Ideas Worship in Family/Youth Settings Biblical culture: adult centered emphasis on maturity respect for parents respect for aged (rise for aged) 42

Status of Father in OT Worship in Family/Youth Settings Biblical culture Patrilineal: line of Status of Father in OT Worship in Family/Youth Settings Biblical culture Patrilineal: line of descent from father Patrilocal: wife joined to father’s line Patricentral: father head of household Father leads family in family rituals, in national festivals in representing family in the assembly in managing land & resources in defending it against threats 43

Status of African American Father Today Worship in Family/Youth Settings 1925, 85% of AM Status of African American Father Today Worship in Family/Youth Settings 1925, 85% of AM families: 2 parents in NY 1950, 15% of AM families: 1 parent in NY Stable 2 parent families above Major shift below! 1990: 70% children born unmarried parent 2010: 70% of AM families: one parent Woman head of household Father absent! No leadership! Children raised in poverty! 44

Teens/Twenties Today… Worship in Family Settings Withdrawing from Church Some put off, hurt by Teens/Twenties Today… Worship in Family Settings Withdrawing from Church Some put off, hurt by church, church politics Don’t vent horrific details Don’t infect children with your bitterness Emphasize service to the Lord, not man Becoming snared. Testimony weakened Living together. Now culturally acceptable Christians marrying non-Christians Secular culture so invasive, compelling! Divorce weakens Christian influence of home Intact marriages: better chance of godly offspring 45

Ideas for Teens Worship in Family Emphasize extended family Bible has no nuclear family Ideas for Teens Worship in Family Emphasize extended family Bible has no nuclear family concept Importance of cousins, uncles, grandparents Tell your family stories Less preachy (more indirect) Yet instills values, allows convictions to emerge Share family’s cloud of witnesses (Grandma, etc) Commemorate key turning points Capitalize on liturgical year (Xmas etc. ) Develop sense of awe & gratitude 46

Family: Foundational Place where Spiritual Growth Occurs Koby: Youth have no foundation! 47 Family: Foundational Place where Spiritual Growth Occurs Koby: Youth have no foundation! 47

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