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1 Joint Research Centre (JRC) The European Commission’s in-house science service JRC views on 1 Joint Research Centre (JRC) The European Commission’s in-house science service JRC views on the establishment of the European Open Science Cloud Panayotis Christidis, JRC Big Data Lead Scientist The European Open Science Cloud: Open Day Event EMBL, Heidelberg, 20 January 2016

2 JRC’s Mission and Role … is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based 2 JRC’s Mission and Role … is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle. Direct research: JRC is the European Commission's in-house science service and the only DG executing direct research; providing science advice to EU policy. Serving society, stimulating innovation, supporting legislation

3 Quick Facts: Established 1957 • 7 institutes in 5 countries • 3055 scientific, 3 Quick Facts: Established 1957 • 7 institutes in 5 countries • 3055 scientific, technical and administrative personnel • 1 370 contributions to EU Policy • 689 peer-reviewed scientific publications in 2014 • Budget: € 375 million annually, plus € 73 million earned income

4 Key priorities • Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) • Internal market: growth, jobs 4 Key priorities • Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) • Internal market: growth, jobs and innovation • Low-carbon economy and resource efficiency (environment, climate change, energy, transport) • Agriculture and global food security • Public health, safety and security • Nuclear safety and security Providing the needed scientific support to the Europe 2020 policy priorities.

5 Main lines working with Big Data • Remote sensing / Copernicus • Environmental 5 Main lines working with Big Data • Remote sensing / Copernicus • Environmental monitoring • Geospatial information • Transport activity • Internet activity • Emergency management systems • Economic indicators, financial transactions, trade • Patents, publications, innovation measurements • Bioinformatics • Modelling • Experimental results and standards

6 Big Data in the JRC (today) • Big Data is already here for 6 Big Data in the JRC (today) • Big Data is already here for most scientific areas • Higher volumes & velocities raise infrastructure needs (manageable) • Cross-sectoral collaborations show possibility to use variety in data • Adopting new tools (machine learning, data mining, etc. ) • In the process of incorporating "new" data sources into our work (separating value from noise) • Improving visualisation tools, policy relevant

7 Big Data in the JRC (goal for 2020) • Vibrant Big Data community 7 Big Data in the JRC (goal for 2020) • Vibrant Big Data community in JRC • 5 x current computing capacity, bandwidth, storage • Extensive cross-sectoral collaborations • Combine conventional with "new" data sources • Integrated data products for policy makers and public

8 The challenges for the JRC • Move to an institution-level Big Data strategy/ 8 The challenges for the JRC • Move to an institution-level Big Data strategy/ culture: Big Data applications are no longer only pilot or laboratory experiments. Real world applications require a higher level of scalability, reliability, security and system resilience. • Development of real-time applications: The policy relevance of science-based evidence increases significantly the less time lag exists. Providing real (or near real) time information based on Big Data would be a natural evolution of the current JRC activities. • User and stakeholder involvement: The Big Data based products of the JRC should allow users and stakeholders the opportunity explore the underlying data and perform their own analysis, even if they are not domain or Big Data experts

9 JRC in the cloud (today) Site specific data centre … External cloud … 9 JRC in the cloud (today) Site specific data centre … External cloud … … Project specific data centre … Scattered ad-hoc solutions

10 How to improve efficiency 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1. 10 How to improve efficiency 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1. Pool JRC resources 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

11 How to improve efficiency 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2. 11 How to improve efficiency 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2. Use the cloud for peaks in demand 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

12 How to improve efficiency 3. ETL- Extract, Transform, Load Extract Transform Load 12 How to improve efficiency 3. ETL- Extract, Transform, Load Extract Transform Load

13 How to improve efficiency 4. Move data & data products to cloud Source 13 How to improve efficiency 4. Move data & data products to cloud Source Transform Process Data product

14 Benefits of using a cloud • • Lower investment/ use costs Flexibility / 14 Benefits of using a cloud • • Lower investment/ use costs Flexibility / scalability Easier access to JRC results by external users Monitoring of resource use

15 Questions on using a cloud • • • Ownership / governance Management / 15 Questions on using a cloud • • • Ownership / governance Management / interface Legislation Security Procurement / contracting Monitoring of use charges

16 Benefits of the European Open Science Cloud • • Lower investment/ use costs 16 Benefits of the European Open Science Cloud • • Lower investment/ use costs Flexibility / scalability Easier access to JRC results by external users Monitoring of resource use Participation of main JRC partners (ESA, CERN, EMBL, etc. ) EU based (EU legislation) Natural role for JRC as data provider JRC collaboration with external organisations

17 Questions on the European Open Science Cloud • • Ownership / governance Management 17 Questions on the European Open Science Cloud • • Ownership / governance Management / interface Legislation Security Procurement / contracting Monitoring of use charges Role of JRC infrastructure in EOSC

18 The last slide! Contact: Panayotis CHRISTIDIS (Panayotis. Christidis@ec. europa. eu) European Commission Joint 18 The last slide! Contact: Panayotis CHRISTIDIS (Panayotis. [email protected] europa. eu) European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute for Prospective Technological Studies Edificio Expo, C/ Inca Garcilaso 3 E-41092 Sevilla, Spain www. jrc. europa. eu